Christianity is not a book religion

A perfect staging of the change in media from deficient writing to meat: “The Holy Family”, Dosso Dossi’s painting from 1527/28.
Image: archive

Why doesn’t anyone ask why Jesus didn’t leave anything written? He had recognized what writing cannot do. In his guest contribution, a philosopher and theologian explains why Christianity is not a book religion.

NAfter the Lord stopped speaking to Moses on Mount Sinai, he gave him the two tablets of the Covenant, stone tablets written by the finger of God ”(Book of Exodus, chapter 31, verse 18). “God made the tablets himself, and the script that was engraved on the tablets was God’s script” (Ex 32, 16).

So God could write. This differentiated him from the lazy gods of polytheism who didn’t need it. Because he wanted to live like the gods, Pythagoras refused to write. He had that in common with the two figures who have shaped our culture most deeply, with Socrates and Jesus. The Athenian “Friend of Wisdom” infected the city’s youth with his way of asking razor-sharp questions. So he took the language very carefully. It is all the more surprising that he not only left nothing in writing, but also did not trust Scripture to be a place of truth.


Marie-Rose Guarniéri: “The demanding proletarian literature of Marcel Moreau”

“Marcel Moreau [mort à Bobigny le 4 avril, des suites du coronavirus, ndlr] would not have liked to be said of him that he was a Belgian writer, he was born in the Borinage, in Belgium, but he was a French writer, it was very important for him. He was born in 1933 to a working class family. Her mother, who was a simple woman, had a perfect spelling. His father, who worked on the roofs, fell, he died and Marcel Moreau found himself head of the family at 15 years old. He arrived in Paris in 1968. Straight, his first novel (1963) was immediately praised by Simone de Beauvoir. He was recognized by Dubuffet, by Henry Miller, Anaïs Nin. His writing is lyrical, incandescent, of great beauty, and very classical, there is a purity, a baroque intoxication. It is a very demanding, new, held, very robust and noble proletarian literature.

“He was a possessed, a speleologist who wrote “In the bowels” (see his book visceral arts) who advocated the “Chaonaissance”, knowledge through chaos. Marcel Moreau is a companion in my life as a bookseller that I can never forget. He had written a Twisted Egobiography that I love. He had the art of titles, Mongolian thought, Love to die of it, the song of paroxysms… At Bourgois, Lettres vives. He had won the Wepler Prize in 2003 for Corpus Scripti, published by Denoël where Olivier Rubinstein reissued four of his books in one volume. He got up at 4 am to work, he was a proofreader in the press, wore his tongue like knowledge. He was a character, a big colossus, excessive, meat eater, passionate, very generous, very apart, wild, one of the last great wild authors, a “Filthy”, not a narcissist who refused meetings. I had organized an evening in Saint-Eustache around him with the organist Jean Guillou, and Denis Lavant was reading his texts, there I realized his aura.

“I read a lot during this confinement. I had passed byGospel of the lost from Georgina Tacou, to the Surveyor. I loved Girl by Camille Laurens (to be published by Gallimard). I was dazzled by a great Brazilian Lacanian, Betty Milan, who publishes with Erès From you to me, his responses to correspondence from the heart of a journal; by a conference by Delphine Horvilleur, Understanding the world (Bayard) and by Michael Edwards’ subversive essay on the Bible, For an untimely Christianity (Fallois).

Marie-Rose Guarniérie runs the Abbesses bookstore: 30, rue Yvonne-Le-Tac 75018.

Claire Devarrieux


The feel-good Christianity reveals the Easter message

The pastor as a do-gooder and Jesus as a higher-order integration officer? Easter 2020 exposes the sentimental moralism of the German churches. The crucifixion’s scandal does not fit into their worldview. .

“Slow Men”, a lesson in breaks

In the theological tradition, laziness (long qualified as acedia) is a capital sin which is characterized by softness but also by slowness. For Guillaume Peyraud, Dominican of the XIIIe century, acedia leads to the waste of one of the most precious goods that God has granted to man: time. To be slow and idle is strongly condemnable because it is the opposite of good Christian behavior. “Man was not created to be idle but to work”, explains Martin Luther in his Commentary on the book of Genesis. Hence the concern of the elites against a different temporality, explains the historian Laurent Vidal, “Which cannot be framed either by the liturgical rhythm or by that of economic activities”. The idleness of the monks, denounced by Luther, or the endless chatter of women on their balconies, stigmatized by the Florentine architect Alberti, are all behaviors that become with the Renaissance a sin in the face of society.


At the dawn of modernity, therefore, an imaginary triangle forms, associating slowness, laziness and non-work. The “Indians”, barely discovered people, will be associated with the disparaging idea of ​​slowness. “What never ceases to surprise Europeans, observe the author, this is the singularity of the relationship that the inhabitants of the Americas have with work “, This observation is valid for the entire colonized world, in particular Africa, whose populations are regularly described as indolent. The figure ofslow man is blacklisted in favor of the imposition of the model that is both superior and universal of modern and civilized man, that is to say efficient and fast.

German historian Reinhart Koselleck gets it right when he makes acceleration a “Foolproof clue” of modern times (1). If the character of Don Quixote – the one who left “Slowly” – provokes laughter, it is that it is completely out of step with its era.

Increasingly, says Laurent Vidal, slowness in all its forms is perceived as an obstacle to the proper functioning of society, even a source of disorder, because it harms work. It is now a question, in these first days of the industrial revolution, of subjecting work to precise standards and of chasing any hint of autonomy. As Edward Thompson pointed out, the watch is by far the greatest invention of industrial companies. Widely distributed at the end of the 18th centurye century, it made it possible to impose on workers the rigid rhythms of factory work and, even more, to internalize them to the point of leading to a “Advanced timing of society”. We would like, with the author, to be true the famous anecdote reported by Walter Benjamin according to which Parisian workers threw stones at the clocks during the revolution of 1830 … The machines will then take over with great advantage, explains engineer Charles Babbage, “The surveillance that they exercise over human inattention, negligence and laziness”.


Slow women and men are not passive victims. Slow down or use multiple ways to “casting” are ancient, and still current, forms of resistance. They are observed from the XVIIIe century in the American slave plantations, pioneers in the organization of work and in the imposition of authoritarian and timed working hours, including for women in charge of domestic service. They are found in the custom of Holy Monday, an institution which spread throughout Europe in the XIXe century, which consists of extending Sunday rest to Monday. The invention of Taylorism in the United States at the end of the century, which breaks down every worker gesture to better measure it, is a direct response to what Taylor calls the “Natural laziness” and the “Systematic stroll” Workers. The movement of yellow vests, wonders Laurent Vidal, is it a refresh of the figure of slow women and men? Their privileged occupation of roundabouts and roundabouts to slow or even stop traffic in order to oppose a “Political thought for which all immobility is perceived as problematic” makes you believe it.

(1) Reinhart Koselleck, the future past. Contribution to the semantics of historical times (Editions de l’EHESS, 1977).

Jean-Yves Grenier

Laurent Vidal Slow Men. Resisting modernity XVe-XXe century Flammarion, 306 pp., € 20, ebook, € 15.99.


Shabaka and The Ancestors, the warrior soul

From They Who Must Die (“Those who must die”), first song of the album, the music is booming and yet it’s bright. In a canter of bass, percussion and incantations, Shabaka Hutchings’ saxophone embroidered the pulsating patterns of which he has the secret, echoing images of “African time” evoked by the powerful voice of Siyabonga Mthembu. “Ayeye… Nawa amagwala bo. Tina asiyisabi impi “, translation: “Here are the fearful. We are not afraid of combat, “warns the medium.


Spiritual jazz: the word was already on everyone’s lips at the end of Wisdom of Elders in 2016, fabulous record recorded in Johannesburg in a single day of studio. The tireless British saxophonist Shabaka Hutchings added this centerpiece to his list of many successes. Raised between London and Barbados, the slender Shabaka had already signaled himself in various more or less electric formations: in orbit with his trio The Comet Is Coming, in hellish fanfare within the Sons of Kemet. At 35, the big stump drives the point home with these Ancestors, extending the gesture of admired predecessors whose names he sometimes pronounces, such as Pharoah Sanders or John Coltrane.

The conversion to bewitched Afrofuturism is therefore confirmed with this new disc made with the best of South African musicians: Nduduzo Makhathini and the luminous Thandi Ntuli (keyboards) make their remarkable appearance, Mandla Mlangeni (trumpet) and Mthunzi Mvubu ( alto sax) play cat and mouse with the leader, the group of Ancestors based on an exemplary rhythm section, Ariel Zamonsky (bass), Gontse Makhene (percussion) and the eminent drummer Tumi Mogorosi.


Shabaka… If you thought of the wookiee warrior of star Wars, You have it all wrong. The musician’s parents were said to have been thinking of the Nubian pharaoh Neferkare Shabaka (who reigned from 716 to 702 BC). Question of destiny no doubt. Recorded between Johannesburg and Soweto, the impressive We Are Sent Here by History is as much lamento as imprecation. In a mixture of xhosa and English (let’s give thanks here to a well translated booklet) Siyabonga Mthembu talks about what must be destroyed, what we must save. “Burn the names, burn the records, burn the archive” come back several times or even later in the same song: “From an act of destruction came creation, death finally recognized as a part of life.” From a poem to the adaptation of a Christian church song, including a tribute to Rastafarianism, the voice of Siyabonga Mthembu also accompanies the overthrow of the male order. “A man does not cry, a man does not grieve, a man does not give life”, these words repeated with emphasis in We Will Work (on Redefining Manhood) denounce the “Toxic point” of a certain male education. May all this be offered to us in full and untied sounds, marked with a manifest grace in the finale Teach Me How to Be Vulnerable, definitely not short of breath.

Matthieu Conquet

Shabaka and The Ancestors We Are Sent Here By History (Impulse!). Concerts (maintained for now): May 18 at the New Morning (75010), May 21 at Jazz sous les pommiers, Coutances (50).


RPT-Like mass pilgrimage to the Malaysian mosque has become a coronavirus hotspot

(Repeats without modification)

* Four-day Muslim meeting attended by 16,000 people

* Hundreds of coronavirus cases among participants

* Malaysia closes its borders to contain the outbreak

* Cases of the mosque event spread across South Asia

By A. Ananthalakshmi and Joseph Sipalan

KUALA LUMPUR, March 17 (Reuters) – The faithful slept in full tents outside the golden-domed mosque, waking up before dawn to kneel on rows of prayer rugs arranged in its cavernous central hall. In the meantime, the coronavirus was going unnoticed among the guests.

The Muslim meeting held late last month in a sprawling mosque complex on the outskirts of Malaysia’s capital city, Kuala Lumpur, emerged as the source of hundreds of new coronavirus infections across Southeast Asia.

A 34-year-old Malaysian man who attended the event died Tuesday, Malaysia’s health minister Adham Baba said, the first death linked to the February 27-March 1 event at the Sri Petaling mosque complex.

16,000 people attended, including 1,500 foreigners.

Of the 673 confirmed cases of Malaysia’s coronavirus, nearly two thirds are linked to the four-day meeting, Adham said. It is unclear who brought the virus there in the first place.

Reuters talked to six participants and reviewed the photos and posts on social media, and accounts and evidence showed several ways the outbreak could have spread.

The hosts, the Islamic missionary movement Tablighi Jama’at, which dates back to its origins in India a century ago, on Monday suspended missionary activities but did not comment directly on the Malaysian event.

Tablighi Jama’at did not respond to a request for further comment. The mosque where the event took place was closed on Tuesday and one guest said it was one of the dozen faithful still there in quarantine. Calls to the mosque remained unanswered.

Malaysia intends to close its borders, limit internal movements and close schools, universities and most businesses, while trying to control its coronavirus outbreak. All mosques will remain closed for two weeks.

“I was actually very surprised that it went on,” said Surachet Wae-asae, a former Thai lawmaker who attended the event but has since tested negative for coronavirus after returning home.

“But in Malaysia God is very important. The belief is strong. ”

The prime minister’s office and the ministry of health declined to comment further on the event.


The meeting, in which guests had to take shuttle buses to sleep in other places, was attended by citizens of dozens of countries, including Canada, Nigeria, India and Australia, according to a list of participants published on social media.

There were also citizens of China and South Korea – two countries with high rates of coronavirus infections.

Social media posts show hundreds of worshipers praying shoulder to shoulder inside the mosque, while some guests post selfies while sharing food.

It was unclear how many guests were resident in Malaysia, but cases related to the meeting are popping up daily in Southeast Asia.

“We sat next to each other,” a 30-year-old Cambodian man who attended the event told Reuters about a hospital in Battambang province in Cambodia, where he was treated after testing positive for the coronavirus on Monday.

“Holding hands at the religious ceremony was done with people from many countries. When I met people, I held hands, it was normal. I don’t know who I got infected from, “he said, asking not to be named because of fears of discrimination in his mosque.

None of the event leaders spoke of hand washing, coronavirus or health precautions during the event, but most guests washed their hands regularly, two guests said. Washing your hands among other parts of the body is part of the Muslim cult.

Another Cambodian participant said that guests from different countries shared dishes over dinner.

Only half of the Malaysian participants who participated came forward for the tests, the health minister said, raising concerns that the outbreak from the mosque could be more far-reaching.

Brunei confirmed 50 cases related to the mosque meeting, out of a total of 56 cases. Singapore has announced five related to the event, Cambodia 13 and Thailand at least two.

Vietnam, the Philippines and Indonesia, attended by nearly 700 citizens, are investigating.

That a great religious pilgrimage should have gone on, at a time when the epidemic had killed 2,700 people and was spreading from Italy to Iran, has raised criticism.

More than 182,000 people have been infected with the coronavirus globally and 7,165 have died.


“That Tablighi event in KL (Kuala Lumpur) … could also cause a regional spike and it was irresponsible that the authorities had allowed it to take place,” said Singapore diplomat Bilahari Kausikan on his Facebook page.

It is not the only religious event to spread the virus on a large scale. Thousands of cases in South Korea are connected to the services of the Shincheonji church of Jesus in the city of Daegu.

At the time of the event in Malaysia, the country was in a political turmoil. The country had a solitary government in the interim prime minister, 94 years old, Mahathir Mohamad, who had left the country and was temporarily re-elected on the same day.

Prime Minister Muhyiddin Yassin was sworn in as new prime minister on March 1 and banned mass meetings on March 13. Previously, there were only councils from the ministry of health to minimize public exposure.

Some participants defended the event, stating that the situation in Malaysia at the moment – which had announced 25 known cases by February 28 – was not serious.

“We weren’t worried then because the COVID-19 situation was under control at the time,” said Khuzaifah Kamazlan, a 34-year-old Kuala Lumpur-based religious teacher who attended the event but turned out to be negative for coronavirus.

Khuzaifah said some faithful who have attended the event since then have refused to be tested for coronavirus, preferring to rely on God to protect them.

Karim, a 44-year-old Malaysian who attended the meeting and subsequently tested positive for coronavirus, says the government should have canceled the event.

“We are a little disappointed that this outbreak has been fully accused of us. That opinion is unfair. Our meeting was not banned,” said Karim, who only gave his name.

“Now I’m worried because I’m positive. Please pray for me. “(Report by A. Ananthalakshmi and Joseph Sipalan in Kuala Lumpur; Additional report by Rozanna Latiff, Krishna N. Das and Liz Lee in Kuala Lumpur, Prak Chan Thul in Phnom Penh, Panu Wongcha-um and Kay Johnson in Bangkok, Agustinus Beo Da Costa in Jakarta, Neil Jerome Morales in Manila and Fathin Ungku in Singapore; Written by Joe Brock; Edited by Mike Collett-White)

Our standards:Thomson Reuters’ principles of trust.


Prominent figures join the coronavirus case list as fears destroy the markets

SINGAPORE / WASHINGTON (Reuters) – The wife of Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, Australia’s home affairs minister and a Chelsea footballer are among the newest cases of coronavirus that has infected nearly 135,000 people and killed over 4,900 worldwide.

FILE PHOTOS: Sophie Gregoire Trudeau, wife of Liberal leader and Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, campaigns for the upcoming elections at the Musee de la nature et des sciences, in Sherbrooke, Quebec, Canada, October 16, 2019. REUTERS / Stephane Mahe

Governments and central banks have prepared additional emergency measures to address the economic impact of the coronavirus on Friday, helping financial markets reduce some of their steep losses, while other major events have been canceled or postponed.

US lawmakers and the White House have approached an agreement on a package of economic aid to the coronavirus, with President of the Chamber Nancy Pelosi who said he hoped to announce an agreement on Friday.

Experts warn that due to the lack of tests and unreported cases, many more people could be affected by the epidemic that emerged in the Chinese city of Wuhan late last year.

Health authorities around the world face the prospect of services being overwhelmed.

“We expect 20% of the population will be affected in the first wave,” said Kerry Chant, Chief Medical Officer of the state government of New South Wales (NSW).

Home to over 7 million people, New South Wales is Australia’s most populous state and Chant said that the models suggest that 5% of the state’s population – around 350,000 people – would need hospital treatment due to the coronavirus.

Australia has recorded nearly 160 infections and three deaths from flu-like illness. Among the infected is one of his high-profile government ministers, Peter Dutton, who is in charge of internal affairs. He said he felt good.

Trudeau said he would be isolated for two weeks after his wife, Sophie Gregoire Trudeau, had tested positive for the coronavirus. She said she was “experiencing unpleasant symptoms” by adding that she would “be back on her feet soon”.

Canada reported 145 virus cases, a triple gain over a week ago. There was a death.

Numerous major sporting events have been hit, with the Championship Championship golf interrupted and the Australian Formula 1 Grand Prix demolished. Nepal has closed Everest to climbers.

The calls grew in Britain for the Premier League season to end with news that Chelsea striker Callum Hudson-Odoi turned out to be positive. All Chelsea first team players and coaching staff self-isolated, the club said.

Arsenal manager Mikel Arteta also tested positive.

The Premier League will hold an emergency meeting on Friday.

Several European football leagues are already pending, the men’s tennis circuit has been suspended for six weeks, the National Hockey League has been closed and cricket matches have been ordered to be played without fans.


But the spread of the virus in its epicenter in the Chinese province of Hubei has slowed markedly amidst rigid transport limits on movements and blocks.

On Friday, only five new cases were reported in the provincial capital of Wuhan, where the virus was first detected in December, and no locally transmitted infections were reported in the rest of China.

Despite positive news from China, global markets have suffered another beating with Japanese Nikkei. N225 closed 6% after Wall Street shares plunged about 10% .DJI .SPX on Thursday, their worst day after the 1987 “Black Monday” incident.

But Asian markets have been lowering for the day politicians came in to help cut liquidity as ruined stock markets triggered a cash rush.

The Japanese central bank has pledged to purchase 200 billion yen ($ 1.90 billion) of Japanese government bonds for 5 to 10 years and also to inject an additional 1.5 trillion yen into two-week loans.

The U.S. Federal Reserve offered $ 1.5 billion in short-term loans on Thursday to stimulate the economy and stabilize the financial system.

The Australian central bank followed suit, usually pumping a large amount of money into the system on Friday, as panic sales in global markets threatened to drain liquidity and increase lending costs.


Travelers to Europe rushed aboard flights to the United States after U.S. President Donald Trump imposed extensive restrictions on travel from the continent, a decision that angered European leaders and frightened investors.

Trump also suggested that the 2020 Tokyo Olympics may be delayed for a year, but organizers in Japan insisted that preparations for “safe and secure” games were moving forward in the coming months, starting in July. .

European leaders have warned that things will get worse before they improve.

“It will spread further,” British Prime Minister Boris Johnson said at a press conference. “I have to level with you, level with the British public – more families, many more families, they will lose their loved ones before their time.”

French President Emmanuel Macron said the country has been facing the worst public health crisis in a century and has announced measures to close schools, nursery schools and universities on Monday.

In Italy, where the death toll has exceeded 1,000 victims of Europe’s deadliest outbreak, the government has imposed a general closure of restaurants, bars and almost all stores except grocery stores and pharmacies.

Presentation (5 images)

On the contrary, South Korea – where an epidemic occurred in the same period as Italy – reported that the number of people recovering from the virus has overcome new infections for the first time, raising hopes that the most Asia’s major epidemic outside China may slow down.

For a global spread of interactive graphical tracking of the coronavirus, click here

Reporting by Tom Westbrook and Steve Holland; Further reports from Mily Chow and Wang Jing in Beijing, Daniel Leussink and Kaori Kaneko in Tokyo, Wayne Cole, Colin Packham and Jonathan Barrett in Sydney, Rama Venkat in Bangalore, Khanh Vu and Phuong Nguyen in Hanoi, Hyonhee Shin in Seoul; Written by Lincoln Feast; Curated by Stephen Coates, Robert Birsel

Our standards:Thomson Reuters’ principles of trust.


Politicians increase support as coronavirus destroys markets

SINGAPORE / WASHINGTON (Reuters) – Governments and central banks have put in place additional emergency measures to address the economic impacts of the coronavirus on Friday, as Asian markets suffered their worst weekly shutdowns since the 2008 financial crisis.

FILE PHOTO: people wear protective masks following a coronavirus outbreak (COVID-19) in Panama City, Panama, March 12, 2020. REUTERS / Erick Marcisca

Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau’s wife Sophie was among several thousand people who were recently diagnosed with COVID-19 respiratory disease which infected nearly 135,000 and killed over 4,900 worldwide.

Experts warn that due to the lack of tests and unreported cases, many more people could be affected by the epidemic that emerged in the Chinese city of Wuhan late last year.

The main sporting events have been canceled or postponed, large public matches have been limited or prohibited and schools closed.

“There is a sense of fear and panic,” said James Tao, an analyst at the Commsec stock broker in Sydney, where high-value desk phones rang nonstop.

“It is one of those situations where there is so much uncertainty that nobody knows how to respond … if it is a question of fighting or running away, many people choose the flight at the moment.”

Japan’s Nikkei .N225 was in freefall, dropping 10% on Friday, after Wall Street stocks plunged about 10%. DJI .SPX on their worst day after the 1987 “Black Monday” accident. [.N]

Travelers to Europe rushed aboard flights to the United States after U.S. President Donald Trump imposed extensive restrictions on travel from the continent, a decision that angered European leaders and frightened investors.

Trump also suggested that the 2020 Olympics in Tokyo could be delayed for a year.

“Maybe they put it off for a year … if it’s possible,” Trump told reporters. “I like it more than I like having empty stadiums everywhere.”

Tokyo 2020 organizers insisted that they were moving forward with preparations to keep “safe and secure” games scheduled, starting in July.

The Japanese government and central bank shared a “strong sense of concern” about the economic fallout from the coronavirus, said its economy minister, suggesting that important fiscal and monetary stimulus measures may be in place.

The U.S. Federal Reserve offered $ 1.5 billion in short-term loans on Thursday to stimulate the economy and stabilize the financial system.

The Australian central bank followed suit, usually pumping a large amount of money into the system on Friday, as panic sales in global markets threatened to drain liquidity and increase lending costs.

US lawmakers and the White House have approached an agreement on a package of economic aid to the coronavirus, with President of the Chamber Nancy Pelosi who said he hoped to announce an agreement on Friday.


Tired and confused travelers in Europe rushed to the airports to board the latest return flights to the United States before Trump’s travel restriction came into effect.

“It caused mass panic,” said 20-year-old Anna Grace, a US student at Suffolk University on her first trip to Europe, who rushed to Madrid Barajas airport at 5 am to go home.

The outbreak has shocked industry, travel, entertainment and sports around the world and has prompted airlines to seek urgent help from their governments.

European leaders have warned that things will get worse before they improve.

“It will spread further,” British Prime Minister Boris Johnson said at a press conference. “I have to level with you, level with the British public – more families, many more families, they will lose their loved ones before their time.”

French President Emmanuel Macron said in a televised speech that the country has been facing the worst public health crisis in a century and has announced measures to close all schools, nursery schools and universities on Monday.

In Italy, where the death toll has exceeded 1,000 victims of Europe’s deadliest outbreak, the government has imposed a general closure on restaurants, bars and almost all shops except grocery stores and pharmacies.

Ireland will close schools, universities and childcare facilities until 29 March and limit mass meetings.

Some elite games of the European Football Champions League were postponed, the Australian Grand Prix was canceled and the seasons of the National Basketball Association and the National Hockey League were suspended in US sports and Major League Baseball postponed its season. The “March Madness” tournament of American college basketball has been canceled.

Several Latin American countries have stepped up measures to slow the spread of the coronavirus by stopping flights to and from Europe, banning public meetings and closing schools.

Health authorities in the southern Vietnamese city of Ho Chi Minh want to stop a cruise ship flying the flag of the Bahamas with the Italians on board from docking due to fears of the coronavirus.

Small island states in the Pacific, ill-equipped to cope with any outbreak, imposed strict blockade measures including denying access to supply ships and banning human-to-human contact while refueling aircraft.

But the progress of the virus in the epicenter of the Chinese province of Hubei has slowed markedly amid stiff obstacles to movement, including the blockade of the provincial capital Wuhan.

Hubei reported 15 new cases on Thursday, while the rest of China had only four new cases, according to a Reuters summary.

In South Korea, the country with the largest outbreak in Asia outside China, the number of people recovering from the virus has exceeded new infections for the first time.

An official China Daily editorial on Friday intensified a word war with the United States, detonating “China’s supporters” and saying they would “continue to lay ground against China”, despite what it called effective control efforts. of the country’s pandemic.

The editorial follows the comments of a Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman, who tweeted Thursday that the United States lacked transparency and suggested that the U.S. military could bring the coronavirus to Wuhan.

Reporting by Tom Westbrook and Steve Holland; Further reports from Mily Chow and Wang Jing in Beijing, Daniel Leussink and Kaori Kaneko in Tokyo, Wayne Cole, Colin Packham and Jonathan Barrett in Sydney, Rama Venkat in Bengaluru, Khanh Vu and Phuong Nguyen in Hanoi, Hyonhee Shin in Seoul; Written by Lincoln Feast; Editing by Stephen Coates

Our standards:Thomson Reuters’ principles of trust.


George Pell appeal: cardinal’s lawyers say jury was wrong to dismiss defense arguments | News in Australia

High-profile lawyer Bret Walker SC argued that jurors who sentenced Cardinal George Pell for child sexual abuse were wrong to dismiss his defense’s arguments about the improbability of the offense.

On Wednesday morning, Pell’s last chance to appeal his verdict began in front of the bench of seven Canberra judges. The court has yet to grant Pell permission to appeal for his conviction – first, he is listening to Walker’s arguments as to why the appeal should be allowed. You can grant or reject the appeal at any time.

Off the pitch, Pell’s supporters who arrived together on a bus gathered with crosses and a sign saying “We are praying for you, Daddy”. A victim lawyer raised a sign saying “Go to Hell Pell”.

Walker opened by telling the bench, led by the chief judge, Susan Kiefel, that questions about the complainant’s credibility, combined with the improbability of the crime, should have prompted the jurors who sentenced Pell to have reasonable doubt about his guilt. The jury’s perception of the complainant’s credibility should not have convinced them on their own beyond reasonable doubt, Walker said.

Pell was born in the Victorian city of Ballarat.

Pell supports Ridsdale in a court appearance for child sexual offenses. Ridsdale is eventually convicted of abusing over 60 children.

Pell is appointed archbishop of Sydney.

Australian Prime Minister Julia Gillard announces the royal commission in institutional response to child sexual abuse.

Pell is appointed prefect of the Secretariat for Economic Affairs, in effect the treasurer of the Vatican.

Australian investigators interview Pell in Rome on allegations of child sexual abuse. Pell considers them “absolute and shameful rubbish”.

Pell is accused of multiple sexual offenses.

Pell has been ordered to be tried on multiple charges. Details may not be disclosed at this time for legal reasons. Pell says he will plead guilty. The charges are divided into two trials. The first concerns allegations that Pell sexually abused two choirs in St. Patrick’s Cathedral in 1996 and 1997. The second concerns allegations that Pell molested boys in Ballarat’s pool in the 1970s.

The jury in the first trial fails to reach a verdict. A mistral is declared.

The new trial jury finds Pell guilty of all the charges.

Pell’s appeal against his conviction for sexual abuse of minors is rejected by the Victorian court of appeal. The appellate court of three judges rejected Pell’s first appeal grounds – which the jury unreasonably acted to find him guilty – by a two-to-one margin. The other two grounds were rejected unanimously. He will remain in prison at least until October 2022.

“It is an extreme mistake for anyone to assume the complainant’s credibility which will provide an answer to the reasonable doubts raised through evidence to which the complainant says nothing,” Walker said.

Judge Virginia Bell told Walker that the high court did not care about credibility, since it was up to jurors to decide. If the court decides to hear the appeal, Bell says it would proceed with the acceptance that “the witness impressed the jury as a true witness”.

Walker said he was “in trouble to point out” that the conviction in a complaint did not eliminate the reasonable coexistence of the defendant’s guilt.

Doubt “… it was not possible to eliminate it [just] because the jury had been clearly affected by the complaint, “Walker said. He said this was due to the fact that the complainant’s evidence, although impressive and credible, did not address issues of doubt raised by the defense, such as the lack of opportunities for offenses to have occurred.

Who is Cardinal George Pell?

Pell was essentially the treasurer of the Vatican and the Holy See in Rome. He has also long been confidant with Pope Francis. Prior to his appointment to the Vatican in 2014, Pell held senior positions within the Catholic Church in Australia, including the Archbishop of Sydney and the Archbishop of Melbourne. He is known for his strong conservatism on issues such as matrimonial equality and abortion. Pell is now also the highest Catholic official in the world to have been convicted of child sexual abuse.

What was he convicted of?

In June 2017 Pell was accused of crimes of sexual assault on minors by the Australian police. Pell took his leave of the Vatican and detached himself from his position to return to Australia and fight the charges, which were divided into two trials. The first group referred to the offense in 1996 in St Patrick’s Cathedral in Melbourne when he was archbishop. The second group referred to alleged crimes in a swimming pool while he was a priest in the regional Victorian city of Ballarat in the 1970s.

The trial at the cathedral was held in August and led to a suspended jury. A mistral was declared and the trial was held a second time, starting in November. On December 11 the jury issued a guilty verdict with five charges; a count of sexual penetration of a child under the age of 16 and four of indecent assault of a child under the age of 16. The convictions refer to Pell’s offense against two 13-year-old choirs.

Why are the details just coming out now?

An order of repression was in place so that jurors in the trial of the second group of alleged crimes were not affected by the reporting of the first trial. But the pool charges were dropped by prosecutors on February 26 after the evidence they relied on to build their case was deemed inadmissible by the judge. As a result, the order of deletion was revoked.

What happens next?

Pell is expected to be sentenced on March 13th. His defense attorney has indicated that his client will appeal. Now that the trial is over, the Royal Commission for Child Sexual Abuse in Australia could also disclose its conclusions regarding Pell, which were drafted when the five-year survey delivered its final report in 2017, in order not to prejudice court proceedings.

The court also addressed the question of whether the Victorian court judges, who rejected Pell’s first appeal with a majority of three to one, may have been unduly influenced by the complainant’s testimony by watching a recorded video rather than simply reading the transcript. Walker said it may have prompted the judges who dismissed the appeal to place too much weight on the evidence of the complaint rather than on the evidence in its entirety.

Pell’s master of ceremonies at the time of the infringement, Charles Portelli, demonstrated during the trial that Pell would remain on the steps of the cathedral after greeting the parishioners for up to 20 minutes. If so, Walker said, Pell would have no chance of offending the sacristy. Prosecutors argued at the trial that while on the steps it became Pell’s custom, it was not yet customary after becoming archbishop in 1996, and other witnesses showed that there were occasions when this meeting could be skipped or shortened.

Walker told the court that the prosecution had not discredited Portelli’s evidence. His evidence was “material on the basis of which it is not possible to eliminate the possibility that the archbishop was on the front steps”. This “forensic” has put a “firm point” on any possibility of offending, Walker said. “This is another point that says it wasn’t open to blame, on balance, beyond reasonable doubt,” he said.

He claimed that it was not the role of the defense to prove that Pell was innocent, but “to demonstrate that there were possibilities that were not excluded from proving that it was not possible to condemn the jury”.

Judge Michelle Gordon asked Walker: “What is the evidence that gives rise to the possibility that it was on the front steps?”

Walker replied that the evidence Portelli and others gave “shows at least the possibility that it was with the archbishop who met and greeted at the opposite end of the cathedral [from] where it was supposed to be at the time of the alleged crime “.

Pell, 78, is serving a six-year prison sentence, with an unconditional three-year and eight-month term. In December 2018, a jury found him guilty of four acts of an indecent act with a child under the age of 16 and a sexual penetration count with a child under the age of 16.

They believed Pell had sexually assaulted two choirs in the priest’s sacristy after the solemn Sunday mass in St. Patrick’s Cathedral in Melbourne in 1996. Pell orally raped one of the boys, the complainant in the case, during this incident and attacked them indecently. Pell offended a second time against the complainant a month later, when he grabbed the boy’s genitals in a church corridor, once again after Sunday’s solemn mass.

When the complainant spoke to the police in June 2015, the other victim had died of an accidental heroin overdose at the age of 30.

The hearing continues.


The first Vatican coronavirus patient attended the big conference last week

VATICAN CITY (Reuters) – The Vatican said Friday that a patient in his health services has tested positive for coronavirus, the first in the small walled city-state surrounded by Rome.

General view of St. Peter’s Square after the Vatican reported its first coronavirus case in the Vatican on March 6, 2020. REUTERS / Remo Casilli

A Vatican source reported that the patient had attended an international conference hosted by the Pontifical Academy of Life last week in a theater crowded several blocks from the Vatican.

Participants in the three-day conference on AI included the top executives of the US tech giants Microsoft and IBM.

The academy released a separate statement saying it was informing all other participants of the development via email, but didn’t say it was the same person whose case was previously announced by Vatican spokesman Matteo Bruni.

The discovery aggravated the prospects that the virus had already spread further in the capital of Italy, as most Vatican employees live in Rome and those who live in the Vatican frequently enter and leave the city state.

The death toll in Italy, the most affected European country, stood at 197 on Friday. The north of the country was the worst hit.

Bruni reported that the case was diagnosed Thursday and that services in his clinics have been suspended to disinfect the areas.

Most of the Vatican employees who use its health services live in Italy on the other side of the 108-acre city state border.

Bruni did not give details on whether the person who proved positive was such an employee or among the relatively few clergy or guards who live within its walls.

Italian health authorities said that on Friday, 49 people had tested positive for coronavirus in the province of Rome.

Pope Francis canceled for the first time a Lenten retreat in his papacy, but the Vatican claimed to suffer only from a cold that is “without symptoms related to other pathologies”.

The Vatican also said that it is studying measures to modify the pope’s activities to avoid the spread of coronavirus in coordination with Italian government measures, which include encouraging people not to gather in large numbers.

Tens of thousands of people flock to St. Peter’s Square every Sunday to hear the pope give his weekly blessing and his message from a window of the Vatican Apostolic Palace overlooking the square.

Thousands of others attend its weekly general audience, which is held outdoors in the square or in a large public hall inside the Vatican, depending on the weather.

Reporting by Philip Pullella; Written by Giselda Vagnoni; Editing by Nick Tattersall and Nick Macfie

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