Kim Jong-un congratulated Xi Jinping on his victory over the coronavirus :: Politics :: RBC

The DPRK leader rejoiced in China’s success in combating COVID-19 “as its own.” In the PRC, by the end of April, 93% of those infected had recovered. Message to Xi Jinping comes after recent media reports about Kim Jong-un’s death

The Chairman of the State Council of the DPRK, Kim Jong-un, sent an oral message to the Chairman of the People’s Republic of China, Xi Jinping, in which he evaluated China’s success in the fight against coronavirus infection and the prevention of this disease. This was reported by the Central Telegraph Agency of North Korea (CTAC).

In the message, the Korean leader praised the Chinese leadership, which “is confidently triumphing in the fight against the pandemic,” and said that he was glad for the PRC’s success “as its own.” Kim Jong-un also wished Xi Jinping good health.

The DPRK President expressed confidence that thanks to jointly overcoming various challenges, relations between the two countries have become “more solid and continue to develop.”

World Coronavirus Spread Rate

Cases per day

Source: JHU

World Data i

By May 7, China in all regions had reduced its epidemiological risk due to the spread of coronavirus. According to data on May 5, only one infected person was detected in China per day. The COVID-19 outbreak in the country began to fade since mid-March. On April 8, for the first time since January, an exit was opened from the city of Wuhan, which became the epicenter of the coronavirus. By April 23, more than 93% of patients had recovered in China. According to Johns Hopkins University, the PRC has dropped out of the top ten countries with the largest number of infected countries, and now ranks 11th. To date, 83.9 thousand patients have been registered there.

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Experts appreciated the statement of the head of the Ministry of Justice of Latvia about “donation” during the years of the USSR :: Politics :: RBC

The historian emphasized that over 20 years of independent development, the level of economic potential of Latvia ranged from 0.7 to 0.9 in 1913. For 20 years in the USSR, this level has grown 17.4 times.

Alexander Dyukov, a researcher at the Department of Economic History at the Institute of Russian History of the Russian Academy of Sciences, in turn, noted that Bordans did not mention the subsidies that came to the republic from the Union budget.

“The budget of the Union republics was, figuratively speaking, a pool with two pipes: on the one hand, contributions went to the Soviet budget, and on the other, subsidies from the all-Union budget,” the historian said.

The diet of Latvia has demanded that the Russian authorities abandon the distortion of history

He specified that as a result of a large-scale subsidy program from the USSR in 1950-1960, Latvia became one of the most industrialized regions of the Soviet Union.

Dyukov noted that currently the opposite picture is taking shape in Latvia: the population of the republic is progressively decreasing, and there is no competitive industry either. “The country is not a donor, but a consumer of the EU budget,” he concluded.

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More than 10 thousand people were infected with coronavirus in Russia per day :: Society :: RBC

In the country, the third day in a row, COVID-19 is detected in more than 10 thousand people. The total number of cases exceeded 155 thousand, the number of victims approaches 1.5 thousand.

Photo: Sofya Sandurskaya / AGN “Moscow”

Over the past 24 hours, 10 102 cases of COVID-19 coronavirus infection have been detected in Russia; a total of 155,370 people have become ill in the country, the operational headquarters for combating coronavirus infection reported.

According to him, cases were identified in 83 regions of the country. Almost half of those infected did not show signs of the disease, noted at headquarters.

The head of WHO called one of the best means of combating coronavirus

Photo: Alexander Avilov / AGN “Moscow”

Over the past 24 hours, 95 people have died due to coronavirus in Russia, 1770 patients have recovered. More than half of deaths were recorded in the metropolitan area. 52 people died in Moscow, 16 in the Moscow Region. Three people died in the Primorsky Territory, two people died in the Kaliningrad, Novgorod, Tver and Astrakhan Regions, and in Voronezh, Ivanovo, Smolensk, Tula, Rostov, Samara, Tyumen Regions, Dagestan , Adygea, Kabardino-Balkaria, North Ossetia, Mordovia, Khakassia and Stavropol, Krasnoyarsk and Altai territories – one person each.

Over the entire period in the country, 1,451 people died due to the virus, the number of recovered patients reached the level of 19,865 patients.

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The star of the film “Big Change” barely making ends meet

Valentine Titov viewers fell in love with the cult films Shield and Sword and Big Break. Despite fame, the 78-year-old actress lives very modestly. Not to say poor.

Valentina Titova experienced in her life the betrayal of her colleagues, separation from her daughter, and difficult financial situation. However, the star of the Soviet films does not lose heart on self-isolation: “I live in the old way, I put in order the apartment, myself and I comply with these standards.” Such little things make her happy.

Valentina Antipovna does not hide – her no financial airbag. “My pension is 16 thousand rubles a month due to the lack of ranks … They also added four thousand due to the virus. As a result, 20. I understood: I can live on them poorly and economically,” StarHit quotes her.

Half of the amount from the actress goes to rent. She learned to save.

Was poor several times in her life. But we experienced these moments. There is nothing wrong with that, the body also needs a respite, it is impossible to endlessly exist under the motto “How I want!”. Now I live as I did not want, but I live … Life is a great test. If you pass it, then you are a man. And the rest is schizophrenia and idiocy, “the star admits.

She advises – no need to save, you just need to part with money. At 78, Valentina Antipovna looks gorgeous.

Do not turn into the old woman Isergil. And this is very easy: in the morning, don’t put on a bra and underpants, don’t pull on tights … Here you are cuttlefish … I want to be better. For example, I really do not like to dye eyelashes, but it is necessary. The actor must wear this uniform all his life, he is the face of the nation, “the celebrity is sure.

She does not complain about anything, but misses her daughter and granddaughter very much. They live in Greece and waiting for Titov to visit her.

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Doctors compared mortality of COVID and other infections

On the page of the doctor and TV presenter Alexander Myasnikov interesting information about the situation with infectious diseases in the world was published on the social network. And in particular that rotavirus infection causes hundreds of thousands of deaths per year in the world. Is the familiar and familiar rotavirus more dangerous than the coronavirus? “KP»Understands together with the immunologist, expert in public health and international health care, candidate of medical sciences Nikolay Kryuchkov.

– Of course, in addition to COVID-19, there are many other dangerous diseases in the world and these are not necessarily infectious diseases. Let me remind you that mortality from cardiovascular diseases is in the first place, also high mortality is associated with oncological diseases, in particular, lung cancer, and, of course, infectious diseases are also often the cause of death. However, the threat of rotavirus infection today is greatly exaggerated, said Nikolai Kryuchkov.

How many people die from rotavirus?

According to pessimistic estimates provided by the World Health Organization, around the world in 2013, 215 thousand children under the age of five died from rotavirus infection. According to other data obtained in international studies, this is 122 thousand deaths in 2013.

– The situation since 2013 in terms of mortality from rotavirus infection has not changed much. I think here we can talk about 200 thousand deaths per year among children under five years of age. Half of the world’s deaths occur in five countries: India, Pakistan, Nigeria, Angola and Congo– emphasizes the immunologist Nikolai Kryuchkov. – In the media you can often find information that up to a third of deaths of children under five are caused by rotavirus. This is not true! The fact is that among all deaths of children under five years of age in the world, mortality from diarrhea accounts for about 8%, but among these 8% of deaths from diarrhea – from 25% to 30% are attributable to rotavirus. That is, it turns out about 200 thousand deaths of children under five years of age per year in the world, while more than 6 million children under five die in the world per year.

On the page of the doctor and TV presenter Alexander Myasnikov on the social network, interesting information was published on the situation with infectious diseasesPhoto: Ivan PROKHOROV

Is rotavirus disease relevant for Russia?

If you consider Europeyy region to which Russia, then the figures for mortality from diarrhea are lower than in developing countries. Mortality from diarrhea among children under five in Europe is 4% – 5% of all childhood deaths. About a quarter of them are rotavirus.

In Russia, according to WHO estimates, in 2013, 52 children under the age of five died from rotavirus infection, which is 0.3% of all other deaths of children under five years of age. Rotavirus infection is not the most common cause of death among children, and even more so among adults (the latter rarely die from rotavirus, so all statistics are data on the death of children – approx. Ed.).

– Rotavirus is a problem primarily in poor countries with a warm climate. For Russia, this is also a problem, but to a much lesser extent, ”said Nikolai Kryuchkov, a doctor. – It is important to emphasize that effective and safe rotavirus vaccines exist.

The incidence of rotavirus infection after the introduction of vaccination has decreased many times. In Russia, universal vaccination against rotavirus is not carried out, but, despite this, mortality is low, given that it is clear how to help such patients. The main thing here is replenishment of lost fluid and symptomatic therapy. Given these two factors — the availability of a vaccine and the development of affordable treatment — mortality from rotavirus is very low even among children from zero to five years old, not to mention adults. Among adults, these are isolated cases.

Who is worse: rotavirus or coronavirus?

According to epidemiologists, mortality (taking into account the number of deaths from the number of episodes of the disease) of rotavirus infection in the world is from 0.05% to 0.09%. This is comparable to mortality from seasonal flu. Yes, in the poorest countries it can reach up to 2%. However, in this case, only moderate to severe episodes are taken into account, and not all cases of rotavirus infection.

“With coronavirus infection, according to my most optimistic forecasts, the mortality rate in the world will be 2%,” says Nikolay Kryuchkov. – Let me remind you that now the mortality rate from COVID-19 in Russia is about 4%. AT Germany – 3.5%, and this is one of the best examples in Europe. Of course, a lot depends on how the data are kept and analyzed, but even though there are probably unaccounted cases, the mortality from coronavirus infection is much higher than the mortality from rotavirus. And the epidemic of coronavirus infection is still far from over.

“It is also important to understand that we are having a coronavirus pandemic, and the situation with rotavirus is under control.” The number of deaths from coronavirus is now growing, due to the fact that there is an increase in cases of infection. The daily increase in new cases of coronavirus infection in the world is more than 5%, and in Russia today it is more than 8%. Therefore, it is obvious that the situation with rotavirus is stable, and the coronavirus pandemic for us is not known how it will end. The coronavirus infection pandemic continues to grow, it is important to understand this, ”Nikolay Kryuchkov emphasized in a conversation with“ KP ”. – When we talk about the number of deaths from rotavirus, 200 thousand people a year around the world among children under five years of age are deaths that happened in a year! As we know, the coronavirus epidemic lasts about four months. This is significantly less than a year.


The daily increase in new cases of coronavirus infection in the world is more than 5%, and in Russia today it is more than 8% Photo: Ivan MAKEEV

The daily increase in new cases of coronavirus infection in the world is more than 5%, and in Russia today it is more than 8%Photo: Ivan MAKEEV

How many deaths from coronavirus infection will be in a year (given that, according to the data of May 3, 243,922 people died in the world – approx. Ed.)? Yes, there are other dangerous infections in the world, but many of them can be protected. This is Hepatitis B, and pneumococcal infection, tetanus, and so on. And Dr. Myasnikov rightly points out the need for widespread vaccination against the most dangerous and common infections. Unfortunately, there are no vaccines from COVID-19 yet, they will be ready by the spring of next year at best.

Also, an important difference between the course of rotavirus infection and coronavirus infection: hospitalization with rotavirus disease in developed countries is very rare. All necessary treatment conditions can be provided at home. With coronavirus, the patient often needs active therapy, which can only be provided in a specialized medical institution.

SPECIFICALLY

Dr. Myasnikov gives such statistics on mortality from infections (in the world for a year)

Measles (there is a vaccine) – 140 thousand deaths per year

Pneumococcus (there is a vaccine) – 2 -2.5 million deaths per year

Hepatitis B (there is a vaccine) – 650 thousand deaths per year

Tetanus (there is a vaccine) – 89 thousand deaths per year

Cervical cancer (there is a vaccine) – 250 thousand deaths per year

Tuberculosis (there is a vaccine) – 1.5 million deaths per year

Influenza (there is a vaccine) – 650 thousand-1 million deaths per year

Coronavirus (no vaccine) – 244 thousand deaths from the beginning of the spread

Coronavirus: myths and reality.The farther the coronavirus, the more truth and speculation around it. We tried to deal with the main myths about the Covid-19 pandemic

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Virologist Vitaliy Zverev: the coronavirus is now with us forever. Like the flu or the common cold

Academician of RAS, Head Vitaliy Zverev, Chair of Microbiology, Virology, Immunology, Sechenov University, commented on why the coronavirus should not be afraid (details)

Is it possible to get sick with coronavirus twice, is it transmitted through water, and how do you understand that you are asymptomatic?

We collected the most common questions of Russians and asked them to leading scientists (details)

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Analysts recorded a decrease in the number of layoffs in small business :: Business :: RBC

According to Buchsoft-Online analysts, in April the number of layoffs in this sector decreased by 57% compared with March. The authors of the study attribute this to the fact that business owners may be afraid of lawsuits from employees

Photo: Kirill Kallinikov / RIA Novosti

In April 2020, the number of laid-off employees in the small business sector fell by 57% compared to the previous month. This is stated in a study by analysts at Buchsoft-Online (an accounting program for small businesses that is part of the Aktion-ICFER media group). They studied the data of 72 thousand Russian companies that belong to this segment.

According to the authors of the study, the indicators for April reflect the “expectant” position of business owners who may be afraid of lawsuits by employees.

Pessimism of Russian business reached crisis level in 2015

Photo: Artyom Zhitenev / TASS

In March, according to the study, 10% more employees were laid off than a month earlier.

The situation with the spread of coronavirus infection has affected the employment, according to a report from analysts. So, in March, the number of new labor contracts concluded by small businesses decreased by 8% compared with February. In April, 60% fewer new employees were hired than in March.

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The first Russian oil company placed bonds after a market collapse :: Business :: RBC

LUKOIL issued 10-year Eurobonds worth $ 1.5 billion at a rate of 3.875%. About 80% of the placement was acquired by foreign investors

LUKOIL became the first Russian oil company to place dollar-denominated Eurobonds after a fall in oil prices, said RBC vice president of Gazprombank, who was one of the organizers of the deal, Denis Shulakov.

The company placed 10-year Eurobonds worth $ 1.5 billion, the coupon rate was 3.875% per annum. Apart from Gazprombank, the organizers of the placement were Citi and Societe Generale.

According to Shulakov, the bid book was opened with an initial yield benchmark of 4.25%. As a result, profitability decreased from the initial benchmark by 37.5 basis points. The final application book amounted to $ 3.5 billion.

LUKOIL will suspend 20% of drilling in Western Siberia

At the peak, more than 230 investors showed interest in the deal, 150 of them ended up among the final buyers, said Gazprombank Vice President. The most active were foreign investors – they accounted for 80% of buyers. Of these, the United States accounted for 20% of the allocation, Switzerland – 15%, Asia – about 13% and the UK – about 12%. Investors from Russia acquired a little more than 20%.

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Pessimism of Russian business reached the level of the crisis year 2015 :: Economy :: RBC

Pessimism in the business environment reached the crisis level of 2015, a Deloitte study showed. The proportion of CFOs expecting a drop in revenue rose to 37%. Most of all, business fears a weakening ruble and a contraction in demand

Photo: Artyom Zhitenev / TASS

The share of Russian business, which expects a decrease in income and profits against the backdrop of the coronavirus pandemic, has reached a record level since the second half of 2015, according to a survey conducted by Deloitte of financial directors of leading companies from key industries. 37% of financial directors predict a decline in their company’s earnings, 40% expect a drop in operating profit, the study says (RBC has it).

For comparison: in the second half of 2019, only 12% of CFOs expected a reduction in the company’s revenues, and 19% expected a decrease in operating profit.

For the eleventh time, Deloitte conducted a regular survey of financial directors of Russian companies, the study was conducted in March and the first half of April through online questionnaires and personal interviews. The final sample included 45 respondents, which were grouped by industry, revenue in 2019 and the number of employees.

Deloitte does not exclude the possibility that in April, when quarantine measures are applied to the regime of unearned days, negative moods of companies could grow stronger than the survey showed.

  • The top 3 risks that had the greatest impact on the business included the weakening of the ruble (80%), a decrease in core income (78%) and a decrease in demand (78%), financial directors say;
  • 70% of companies expect revenue to fall in the next six months; 54% predict that the decline will stretch over the next year and a half.

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Half of those affected by an ERTE have not yet recognized their benefit

The workers of the Public State Employment Service (SEPE) are “leaving the skin”. Not only they say it, but it was recently admitted by the Minister of Labor, Yolanda Díaz, who even went so far as to ask this group for applause, similar to the one that every day at 8 in the afternoon is performed by health professionals. Although without a white coat, they are other heroes of this crisis, who work piece-time, seven days a week and double shifts, to try to ensure that none of those affected by this pandemic remains without receiving their unemployment benefits; in fact, in just over a month, they have recognized unemployment to almost 1.9 million affected by a File of Temporary Regulation of Employment (ERTE), although it is less than half of those presented. “There is a great deal of commitment, there is a kind of awareness that we are essential for citizen well-being; Without us people cannot eat, “explains Pilar Seoane, director of an employment office in La Coruña and representative of CC OO.

But despite the important work they have in their hands, such as managing which unemployed people are entitled to a benefit and granting them the best possible, according to Seoane, resources are minimal. Little more than 6,200 officials are currently working to manage a volume of benefits that exceeds 6.2 million.

And it is that if the SEPE’s work rhythm is usually frenetic, because they have to pay more than 2.1 million unemployment benefits every month, their workload has been multiplied by six or seven, since now the more than 4.1 million workers who are affected by an ERTE due to the coronavirus are added – according to data provided by CC OO- and the vast majority are waiting to receive this economic aid from the State. Specifically, from May 16 to April 20, 1,884,816 benefits have been recognized, according to data provided to this newspaper by the public body. This means that if more than 520,000 ERTEs have been filed, affecting 4.1 million workers, barely 45% have been processed.

Funnel

But this is not the fault of SEPE, which recognizes more than 80% of the benefits that come to it daily, according to its data. In fact, their work rate has intensified to such an extent that if 162,852 benefits were processed in the first week of confinement, they exceeded 800,000 in the last week. Only on Tuesday they recognized 140,000 in one day, an average that they trust to maintain daily until this situation stabilizes. “They are recognizing themselves at a rate like never before in the history of Spain,” praised the minister.

The most important funnel occurs in the competent labor authorities, who are the ones who have to take the final decision on whether or not to authorize these company files, for which the Government gave them a period of five days that in some communities they have extended to ten. Furthermore, many of the ERTEs who arrive at SEPE do so with administrative silence, which is understood as positive.

In addition, the employment offices also report that many of the files that come to them from the consultancies (in Excel tables) contain errors (such as failures in the DNI) and, therefore, complicate their processing and also delay them. in its resolution.

Not everyone will charge in May

“We are making a titanic effort, but we are going to have a very difficult time getting to resolve 100% even though we are at 200% of our activity”, admits Manuel Galdeano, coordinator of CSIF at SEPE, who highlights that in 20 years of work “has not seen anything like it”, not even in the 2008 crisis, which “was already wild.” So, rules out that those four million affected may collect their unemployment in May. “We get to where we are,” he laments, while specifying that each unemployment benefit has a person behind it, with its own personal and work casuistry, so it cannot be assimilated to any other for the purposes of general automation.

In addition to those 1.9 million files processed, the SEPE has attended in the last month 455,953 consultation calls and has given more than 1.1 million previous online appointments of benefits.

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Girona architects foresee that the coronavirus will halve the projects and the new tasks

Girona architects predict the coronavirus crisis halve the projects and new orders in the sector. According to data collected by the College of Architects of Catalonia (COAC), during the first weeks of the alarm state up to 788 works have been stopped throughout the province and 284 projects have been canceled. In addition, a survey of architects in Girona revealed that the work has plummeted. In fact, eight out of ten architects expect that by 2020, at least 40% will be reduced. “These are difficult times for a sector that has not yet recovered from the previous economic crisis, and where many professionals are freelancers and microenterprises,” recalls President of the architects of Girona, Marc Riera.

From April 6 to 13, coinciding with the days of total confinement due to covid-19, the COAC surveyed the impact of the pandemic on architects. Throughout Catalonia, 2,309 members (21% of the total) responded, of which 258 were from the Girona region.

At first, the College of Architects recalls that, in the demarcation, “the majority of professional profiles are those of self-employed architects with one-person offices and microenterprises”. Some traits that, in Riera’s view, make the group even more “vulnerable” to economic pandemics.

In the Girona region, architects say that with covid-19 their work has dropped to 65%. It is also a direct consequence of the fact that professional orders have been reduced by 70% during the first weeks of the alarm. In addition, seven out of ten architects have seen their work paralyzed.

Medium and long term recovery

The president of the architects of Girona emphasizes that it will be necessary to work “intensively” with all entities linked to the sector to claim the “necessary assistance to support the collective”. Riera is particularly concerned about the resilience of the collective. Not only in the short, but also the medium and long term.

“The building sector must respond to two of the main challenges we face as a society: housing and climate change,” recalls Marc Riera. And he adds that once the suspicion has been lifted, “the need to solve these challenges will continue to exist.” “But if we do not remedy it, instruments and policies will still be needed to make them possible; we will need concrete support and measures,” emphasizes the president of the Girona architects.

And in fact, the outlook for 2020 is not optimistic. According to the survey, in fact, the architects of Girona predict that this year they will receive up to 40% less (a percentage that remains the same if you take the global answers from all over Catalonia).

In order to get out of the well being dumped by the coronavirus, the architects are calling on the administration to speed up public tenders or provide more help “for freelancers and professionals”. In addition, they urge the councils, “urgently”, to expedite the processing of licenses and give them “immediate response” to allow the construction to recover.

“The waiting time per file, between the submission of license applications and the time they are granted, is between five and six months; adding to this figure now further delays, the resulting economic impact it can be very serious, “says COAC. “It would greatly facilitate the recovery that during the period of confinement the councils prioritize the processing to the maximum,” conclude the architects.

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