Mississippi announces possible flag change due to protests :: Society :: RBC

Mississippi Governor Tate Reeves said he was ready to change the state flag amid protests against racism in the United States. He wrote about this on Twitter.

“For several days, lawmakers cannot break the deadlock when discussing the new flag. The discussion on the 1894 flag is as controversial as the flag itself. It’s time to put an end to her. I’m ready to sign the bill if they send it to me on the weekend, ”Reeves wrote.

The Mississippi flag is the only state flag in the United States to display Confederate symbols – a blue cross with stars. The Confederate States (Southerners-slave owners) were opponents of the northerners in the Civil War of 1861-1865, one of the reasons for which was the policy of the non-proliferation of slavery in the country.

Travelers and Confederates: whose monuments are demolished in the USA and Europe

The governor made such a statement amid ongoing protests in the United States caused by the death of African American George Floyd in Minneapolis on May 25. The man died in the hospital after being detained by a policeman who, for almost nine minutes, used a choke to him.

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6 historical tours in one click

Royal

Cathedral basilica of Saint-Denis

Few religious buildings combine with as much force spirituality and history. Built over the tomb of saint Denis, beheaded in 250, the basilica, elevated to the rank of cathedral houses the tombs of 43 kings and 32 queens. If we except a passage through the mass grave, after the Terror, all found here their last resting place. It is within the framework of the ” us To the basilica ! “(project to promote the meeting between the site and the inhabitants of the city) that has been created this virtual tour with the help of three young Dionysiens trained in photography at 360 degrees. Plans allow you to view all of the basilica to get to easily in the bedside, with recumbent figures, or in the garden.

→ TO READ. 5 things to know before visiting the basilica of Saint-Denis

Inaccessible in real life, the great Cavaillé-Coll organ give a spectacular view over the nave. Written documents and sound enrich the visit with explanations of the specific characteristics of the sites, as well as on the story of abbot Suger and his conviction that the beauty and harmony of ornaments make it easier to mystical illumination. basilique360.fr

Majestic

Castle of Chambord

If it’s not a place of power, the castle of Chambord manifest the power of the kings of France. Francis Ier the building to the glory of this palace, which became the emblem of the French Renaissance. He comes here for the hunting, taking advantage of its location in the heart of the forest game, but spent only a few tens of days, in thirty-two years of reign. If it brings not much information, the virtual tour provides a nice overview of the castle.

→ TO READ. Chambord, between republican monarchy, and power diplomatic

Is required first the vision of an imposing building, and yet lightweight, by the exuberance of its chimneys and carved capitals. Different 360 degree views from terraces and roofs, where contrast freestone and slate, and allow you to understand the building within its environment of marshy lands solognotes. Of the south façade, one enters the great room in cross, with its vaulted coffered decorated with emblems of Francis Ier, and the double stairway, architectural element, the most striking of the castle. A pity that this virtual tour done before the restoration of the gardens to the French in 2017 do not realize. podibus.com/Chambord_VR

Pacifist

Memorial of Verdun

In 1967, the founders of the Memorial of Verdun have the ambition of making the city lorraine, the ” world capital of peace “. Fifty years earlier, from February to December 1917, the battle of Verdun resulted in more than 700,000 victims, German and French, without the two armies will not be able to move the lines of their war of position. First place of remembrance for the veterans of the First world War, the Memorial has since 2016 the conflict under a point of view of the franco-German.

→ TO READ. The memorial of Verdun, a past reconciled

Since the containment, it offers a virtual tour, a part of which only is free. The complete tour, at a price of 3 € to support the museum and have access to the information and audio-visual documents of the rich permanent exhibition. There are discussed with pedagogy the context and the main places of fights, and there are very concrete things, such as uniforms, supplies and the daily lives of fighters holed up in shell holes. memorial-verdun-360.fr

Jealously looked upon

Château de Vaux-le-Vicomte

Success meteoric Nicolas Fouquet, no more than the castle of Vaux-le-Vicomte. The superintendent of finance had brought together the greatest talents of his time (the architect Louis Le Vau, the painter Charles Le Brun and the landscape gardener André Le Nôtre) to build the castle that caused his loss : Louis XIV took umbrage at his pomp, and did it throw them in jail, before asking the same artists to build Versailles.

→ TO READ. In the underground river of Vaux-le-Vicomte

Two virtual tours allow you to explore this magnificent building, furnished and decorated as at the time of Fouquet, as well as its gardens, which foreshadow the style of the French. The lack of comments may be offset by
online exhibitions. One, ” Louis XIV/Nicholas Fouquet : A history of taste “, beyond the perpetual opposition between the two men to acknowledge their artistic visions common ; the other, ” Vaux-le-Vicomte, a masterpiece step by step “, commented on the model whose splendor and the harmonious composition inspired the whole of Europe. artsandculture.google.com

Reinvented

Castle of Pierrefonds

With its towers, its keep, its battlements, covered, and its machicolations, this imposing castle in the Oise, at the edge of the forest of Compiègne, has all the features of the medieval building. There remains, however, that the ruins when Napoleon III is concerned with the building constructed at the end of the XIVe century by the duke Louis of Orleans, and dismantled in the SEVENTEENTHe. The head of State entrusted the reconstruction to the architect Viollet-le-Duc, who re-creates of all parts on the model of an ideal castle in the Middle Age.

→ TO READ. Lying ones and those praying : the forgotten treasures of Pierrefonds

The virtual tour, which begins with a panoramic view outside, and is accompanied by texts which detail every step : the drawbridge, the courtyard, the chapel, with his head in gray stone, the remains of the medieval building, the great room of preuses… clicks on items in the world can approach and obtain explanations. A map shows at any time where the virtual visitor and the orientation of its field of vision. chateau-pierrefonds.fr

Shows

► The Pantheon

Votive church desired in 1744 by Louis XV, after having survived an unexplained fever, the building was transformed at the death of Mirabeau, a leading figure in revolutionary Pantheon which will be met in the tombs of the great men of France. On seventy-four personalities who have a tomb or a funerary urn, only four women are buried to their personal merit : Marie Curie in a coffin surrounded by a layer of lead, his body continuing to send waves of radioactive, resistant Germaine Tillion and Geneviève de Gaulle-Anthonioz and the politician Simone Veil.

→ TO READ. Who will enter the hall of fame ?

If, strangely enough, the virtual tour does not reach the crypt, it offers stunning views of the facade, the roofs and the dome which dominate a part of Paris, the nave, the memorial to the national Convention and the Foucault pendulum, placed there in 1851 by the physicist of the same name, in the search of a tall building to prove the rotation of the Earth. paris-pantheon.fr

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Putin said about Russia’s openness to the General system of world security :: Policy :: RBC

Only together can Nations protect the world from dangerous threats, Putin said. In the beginning of the year he proposed to convene a summit of the “nuclear five” and also noted that Russia is ready to negotiate with the US on arms control

Vladimir Putin

(Photo: Sergey Pyatakov / Getty Images)

Russia is open to dialogue on the establishment of a common security system in the world, said President Vladimir Putin during his speech at the Victory parade. The broadcast led to RBC.



“We know the face of the challenges facing the planet today, has a special feel which is the greatest value — people. His dreams, joy, hope, peace, calm, productive life. Understand the importance of strengthening friendship and trust between peoples, and open to dialogue and cooperation on the most topical issues of the international agenda. Among them, the establishment of a common reliable system of security which is needed by a complex, rapidly changing modern world. Only together can we protect him from dangerous new threats,” Putin said.

According to Putin, the world stability is threatened, in particular due to the crumbling of the system of arms control. He spoke about it back in February, noting that security in the world largely depends on the state of relations between Russia and the United States.

Putin said about the approach of the world to a “dangerous line”

Vladimir Putin

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Putin said about the negative attitude to the words Zelensky of the Soviet Union :: Politics :: RBC

The statement of the President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelensky, to put USSR on a par with Nazi Germany, would have a negative impact on Russian-Ukrainian relations. This was announced by the President of Russia Vladimir Putin on air of the program “Moscow. The Kremlin. Putin” on TV channel “Russia 1”.

“Negatively. I think that for him — Vladimira Aleksandrovicha — nothing good is not, bearing in mind that Ukraine itself suffered greatly during the Second world war”, — said the Russian President.

In early January, Vladimir Zelensky during a visit to Poland, said that Ukraine supports Warsaw’s position is that the responsibility for the outbreak of world war II on the Soviet Union.

As noted by the Ukrainian leader, Poland became the first country that “felt a conspiracy of totalitarian regimes.” Zelensky said that this is what led to the outbreak of the Second world war and “allowed the Nazis to launch deadly flywheel of the Holocaust.” The President also urged the democratic state to unite and “not to remain silent, as it was in 1939”.

Naryshkin accused Zelensky immersion in Ukrainian nationalism

Press Secretary of the President of Russia Dmitry Peskov, commenting on the statement Zelensky, said that the words of the Ukrainian President should be offensive to the Russians, the millions of inhabitants of the CIS countries and Ukraine.

Putin in a telephone conversation with Zelensky pointed to the inadmissibility of distorting historical truth about the events of the Second world war.

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Defense Ministry declassified documents on the capture of Berlin by Soviet troops :: Society :: RBC

The website of the Ministry of Defense also published an archive document in which the commander of the defense of Berlin, General Helmut Weidling, gave the order to stop the fight. He wrote that Adolf Hitler committed suicide and the German military “left alone.” The general said that the lack of heavy weapons and ammunition makes the fight pointless, and every hour “extends the terrible suffering of the civilian population of Berlin” and the wounded. According to him, everyone who dies in this struggle will “make a vain sacrifice.”

Defense Ministry declassified archival documents on the liberation of Warsaw

One of the documents says that the company of Senior Sergeant Syanov from the 756th Infantry Regiment broke into the Reichstag building first. The Nazi military tried to knock out Soviet soldiers during the day – set fire to the house and threw grenades at them. The clothes on the sergeant caught fire several times, and he had nothing to breathe. However, in the end, the company destroyed 150 German troops and captured another 300.

According to other documents, on May 2, Soviet troops captured 34 thousand German soldiers and officers. The Soviet command also dealt with the issue of providing food to the inhabitants of Berlin. The city introduced cards. 3 kg of bread, 0.5 kg of meat, almost 1.5 kg of sugar, 350 g of coffee, as well as vegetables, potatoes and dairy products were allocated for each citizen. From the documents it also follows that the command provided humanitarian assistance to other German cities, for example, Dresden, Stettin and Chemnitz.

Documents came from the funds of the Central Archive of the Ministry of Defense. The department also said that they had been published to protect and defend the historical truth, to counter the falsification of history and “attempts to revise the results of the Great Patriotic and World War II.”

The Berlin offensive began on April 16, 1945 and ended on May 2. It was conducted by three Soviet fronts – 1st Belorussian, 2nd Belorussia and 1st Ukrainian, as well as with the help of Polish troops. A week later, on May 9, the Great Patriotic War ended.

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Echo of the Prague Demolition – Spark No. 16 (5611) of 04/27/2020

The dismantling of the monument to Marshal Ivan Konev in the Czech capital threatens to provoke a response flurry of historical emotions in the space from Moscow to Vladivostok.

Konstantin Mikhailov, editor-in-chief of the site “Keepers of Heritage”

The recent demolition in Prague of the monument to Marshal Konev, whose troops prevented the Nazis from destroying the city in 1945, provoked understandable indignation both by the Russian authorities and the Russian public. Meanwhile, discussions about this, of course, unfortunate event in the Czech capital may have an unpredictable continuation stretched in time and space – up to Vladivostok.

Few people know that modern Russia is still implementing a large-scale program for the installation of monuments and memorials dedicated to the so-called Czechoslovak Legion – an armed unit that had an important influence on the course of the Civil War in Russia in 1918-1919. In the context of ostentatious and mocking (no one in Russia will forget the joke of the Czech elder of the Prague 6 region about the absence of a mask on the face of the bronze Marshal Konev) the dismantling of our military monument in the Czech Republic, the further implementation of such a program, and even with the participation of officials of the Russian state, looks more what is strange.

Trailer agreement

The Czech Foreign Ministry officially reminded us of the monuments to Czech legionnaires in April 2020, publishing, in particular, such a “Statement”: “I would like to remind the Russian side that while the Czech Republic properly contains 4224 military graves and memorials on its territory and monuments, on which, unlike the monument to Marshal I.S. Konev, the provisions of the Agreement between the Government of the Czech Republic and the Government of the Russian Federation on the mutual maintenance of military graves of 1999 are being circulated, in the territory of the Russian Federation still has not been able, despite years of negotiations at the local government level, to resolve the issue of updating military monuments to fallen Czechoslovak legionaries in Samara, Novokuybyshevsk – Lipyagah and other places. “

The agreement, cited by the Czech Foreign Ministry, entered into force on August 11, 1999. In accordance with it, Russia and the Czech Republic committed themselves to ensure “the safety of military graves in the territories of their states and their proper maintenance.” Among other things, the 1999 Agreement also referred to the “arrangement” of military burial sites, which was interpreted as including the installation of “monuments or other memorial structures” (we are talking about memorials and monuments directly related to the burial sites, and the monument to the Marshal in Prague formally emphasizes Ministry of Foreign Affairs, this is not). Such “arrangement” could, according to the text of the document, occur, “as a rule, in the locations of the remains or, if this proves impossible, in other places worthy of the memory of the dead.”

In these “other places” it became possible to implement the whole Czechoslovak memorial program in Russia, which, I must say, modern residents of Russian cities and villages who found themselves in the zone of military operations and following the Czechoslovak legion in 1918-1920, could not and did not want to understand and appreciate it. More precisely, they could not understand why monuments to people who walked on it with fire and sword should stand on Russian soil.

Yes, in fact, no one asked the inhabitants about this, according to the old Russian tradition.

Remember or recall?

Two years ago, in the publication Red and White Route, Ogonyok (No. 20 for 2018) spoke in detail about the sad role played by the Czechoslovak corps in the history of Russia, so I will only recall in brief.

During the First World War, the Russian authorities in August 1914 began to form a national military unit – the Czech squad of Czech and Slovak colonists and immigrants living in Russia. The calculation was simple – to win over the soldiers who fought against Russia under the banner of the Austro-Hungarian monarchy, showing the prospect: from a separate Czechoslovak army to the Czechoslovak state. There were about a thousand soldiers in the squad, commanded by Russian officers. Since 1915, they began to replenish it at the expense of prisoners of war: by February 1916, it became a regiment, by April – a brigade.

The combat debut of the Czechoslovak Brigade took place in June 1917 at the town of Zborov (modern Ukraine), against the Austro-Hungarian troops. The February Revolution had already taken place in Russia, but the Provisional Government did not prevent the creation of new Czech units, and by the fall of 1917 the brigade had grown into a Czechoslovak corps of three divisions. At the beginning of 1918, it numbered more than 38 thousand people – 37 451 infantrymen and 638 cavalrymen.

While the war was on, the Czechoslovak Corps was a natural ally of Russia. But after the separate Brest peace concluded by the Bolsheviks, the Czechoslovakians ended up in a foreign country in the form of an armed formation with an incomprehensible status.

At the same time, the path through the border to Austria-Hungary was closed to them: for the Habsburg empire that continued to fight, they were traitors. A project arose of transferring the corps to the Western Front through Arkhangelsk or Murmansk, but they were afraid of German submarines; in the end, it was decided to send Czechoslovakians on a world trip – through Vladivostok. In the spring of 1918, the Czechoslovak trains reached the Trans-Siberian Railway. And stretched for thousands of kilometers: in May the vanguard of the Czechoslovak Corps reached Vladivostok, and the “tail of the squad” was in the Volga region.

Perhaps, over time, Czechoslovakians would have left Russia quietly and peacefully, but on May 25, 1918, the drug commander Lev Trotsky issued an order for their disarmament (there are historians who believe that this was done under pressure from the allied Austria-Hungary Germany). The result of the attempts of the local Soviets to disarm the corps was its uprising, which in Soviet historiography was called the “White Bohemian rebellion”. Since mid-1918, the entire Transsiberian, from Samara to Vladivostok, has been in the hands of Czechoslovakians.

The Czechoslovakians were not “white,” as the course of events showed, – just as they had no reason to get involved in a war in Russia. But the Civil War was little interested in their desires. Everyone tried to use organized armed forces for their own purposes: the whites, who saw a natural ally in the Czechoslovak rebels; and the Entente countries, which faced the prospect of restoring the Eastern Front against the central powers; and the Bolsheviks – it was not for nothing that Czechoslovakians extradited Admiral Kolchak to the Soviet authorities … In short, the upheavals of the Czechoslovak combat adventures in Russia in 1918-1919 were bizarre. But it is worth noting: it was precisely as a result of their capture of Samara in June 1918 that it became possible to create there ComUcha (Committee of Members of the Constituent Assembly) – the first all-Russian anti-Bolshevik government. Therefore, a number of historians call the Czechoslovak rebellion the detonator of the Civil War in Russia.

The evacuation of the Czechoslovak Corps from Russia dragged on until 1921. On the way to Vladivostok, Czechoslovakians had a lot of military clashes with the red garrisons, partisans and other armed forces. Establishing their power in different cities and territories or overthrowing someone else’s, the Czechs did not stop at violence, executions, and repressions against the population. There is plenty of evidence about their appropriation of property, food and values. Researchers and publicists attribute to Czechoslovakians the disappearance of part of the “gold reserve of the Russian Empire” that ended up in Siberia in 1918.

Be that as it may, in the perception of Russian public opinion the “military path” of the Czechoslovak Corps in 1918-1919 in our country is not something to be proud of and noted by monuments.

Legion 100

On the occasion of the 100th anniversary of the corps in the Czech Republic (it is now called the Legion), the Legion 100 program was launched, within the framework of which the Czechoslovak Society of Legionnaires, together with the Czech Ministry of Defense, organizes “pilgrimage trips” to the battlefields of the “Legionnaires” in the Central and Southern Urals . This was announced only in 2019 by the Czech Embassy in Russia.

“Pilgrimage” is not limited to. As the Russian media have repeatedly reported, in the framework of the 1999 Agreement mentioned above, at the expense of the Czech side, it was planned to establish monuments and memorials dedicated to the Czechoslovak Legion in more than 50 settlements of Russia.

By order of the Government of the Russian Federation No. 1615-r dated September 24, 2010, the “sole memorial” was defined as the “sole performer” to ensure the safety and maintenance of foreign military (including newly built) memorials on the territory of the Russian Federation. On the official website of this association, photographs of nine already erected monuments to Czech legionaries are presented (Krasnoyarsk, Kungur, Vladivostok, Chelyabinsk, Buzuluk (two), Yekaterinburg, Nizhny Tagil and Mikhailovka, Irkutsk Region). But from open sources you can find out that in fact there are at least a dozen monuments to legionnaires in modern Russia.

So, in 2005, a commemorative stele was installed at the cemetery of Czechoslovak legionnaires in Vladivostok. In 2006, the Czechoslovak memorial was opened at the Trinity Cemetery in Krasnoyarsk. In 2007 – a monument in Buzuluk, Orenburg region. In 2008 – at the Mikhailovsky Cemetery in Yekaterinburg (here the largest Czechoslovak military necropolis in Russia). In the same year, a memorial sign appeared at the Embassy Monastery on the shore of Lake Baikal (Buryatia). In 2009 – in Nizhny Tagil. In the 2010s, a monument appeared to the “legionnaires” in the village of Kultuk, Irkutsk Region. In 2011, in Chelyabinsk. In 2012 – in Kungur and Pugachev (Saratov region). In 2013 – in the Upper Uslon (Irkutsk region). In 2015 – in Penza, Ulyanovsk and Syzran …

The press also discussed the construction projects of Czechoslovak monuments in Miass, Kurgan, Nizhneudinsk, Samara, Tyumen, Novokuybyshevsk, Ufa, Kansk, Zlatoust and other cities. In some places it came to the installation of pedestals. But in no paragraph there was public agreement on the installation of such monuments, but open protests, statements and pickets are, on the contrary, not uncommon. Why the authorities most often did not dare to force the process.

Alien memory and own

For many representatives of the regional authorities in the Russian Federation, it was probably a surprise that the local population does not care what monuments stand on their land. But the story of the perpetuation of the “legionnaires” showed that this is precisely so.

Particularly loud were the protests in Samara, where for seven years now, next to the railway station, there has been an empty pedestal for the monument to “legionnaires”. In 2013, 2016 and 2017, local communists, together with residents of nearby houses, went to protest pickets, collected signatures under an appeal to the president. The local press conducted a survey “Do Samara need a monument to Czechoslovakia?” – 72 percent answered negatively. Residents wrote to newspapers and local deputies: “My grandfather died from them (” white-hatches “.— “ABOUT”) hands ”; “At the Obsharovka station, 11 railway workers were shot by white whales, 4 were buried alive, tortured underground worker Tatyana Lepilina. She was only 22 years old. The grave-monument of Lepilina is still standing in Obsharovka … Will there be a monument to her murderers in Samara? ” etc.

Even the descendants of Vasily Chapaev opposed the erection of the monument in Samara – in 2020, his grand-niece Marina recorded a video message to the Minister of Defense of the Russian Federation Sergey Shoigu, asking: “How does the Czech Defense Ministry completely, and often with the support of your subordinates, implement your ideological project “Legion-100”? Just think: the NATO country participating in the new Cold War against us, through the hands of our association War Memorials, requires the local authorities to establish monuments to the legionnaires of the Czechoslovak corps. ”

However, Samara is not the only “center of resistance.” In Chelyabinsk, the regional branch of the Liberal Democratic Party declared that “the installation of a monument to Czechoslovak legionnaires, who came to Chelyabinsk as invaders and occupiers and left behind notoriety, contradicts common sense and desecrates the memory of Russian soldiers whose bones still lie in the ground throughout Europe in nameless graves. “

In Penza, in 2015, social activists sought an answer from the authorities: why there was no monument to its founders in the city, but a monument was erected to the Czechoslovak Corps: “After all, it is, in fact, established by people who staged an open rebellion in our city against legitimate authorities, and also carried out robberies, artillery shelling of peaceful neighborhoods, torture and murder. What did Czechoslovak legionnaires do so good and worthy for Penza to erect a monument in their honor? ” At the same time, the Penza communists held a picket under the slogans “Monument to white whales – there is no place on Penza land,” etc.

And in the village of Mikhailovka in the Irkutsk region in 2014, a Czechoslovak legionnaire was doused with red paint. It was especially outraged that he was placed near the mass grave of the red partisans, who were shot by the White Guards and Czech punishers. “What did the Czechs become famous for since they erected a monument to them?” – the locals sought an answer.

There are many more examples – from Kansk (Krasnoyarsk Territory), Zlatoust, where veterans of the Great Patriotic War, Ufa, Tolyatti spoke out against the installation of the Czechoslovak monument, where in 2017 the city hall refused to agree on a picket to collect signatures against the installation of the monument to the legionaries, from other places . No matter how you relate to the protest slogans and their initiators, one cannot but admit: the installation of monuments to Czechoslovak legionnaires in the vastness of Russia does not add public consent. The fact that for the Czech side is the perpetuation of the memory of compatriots in Russia is perceived as an exaltation of this memory. This is the national tradition of the perception of monuments, nothing can be done.

How to answer for Konev

After the dismantling of the monument to Marshal Konev in Prague, the situation around Czech monuments in Russia could not but worsen. The context, as they say, is heated: the public council under the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation, for example, even called for renaming the Prague metro station in honor of Konev. And hotheads among publicists began to claim that the very fact of the Prague dismantling of the Czech side had withdrawn from the 1999 Agreement, and therefore, they say, the hands of the Russian side were untied – Czechoslovak monuments could be demolished. The deputy chairman of the Legislative Assembly of the Ulyanovsk Region, concurrently – the leader of the Communists of Russia party Maxim Suraykin, said he would seek the demolition of the Czechoslovak monument in Ulyanovsk in response to the dismantling of the Konevu monument in Prague.

Is it permissible to get involved in the proposed “war of monuments”? In my opinion, by no means. And not only because in the Czech Republic there are about three thousand military burials of Russian and Soviet soldiers, which the Czech side is obliged to take care of under the 1999 Agreement. The main thing is that you cannot become like vandals and stand on the same board with them.

But, of course, Russia’s implementation of the 1999 Agreement should, especially after the Prague dismantling, be limited to preserving Czechoslovak burial sites and standing monuments, without adding new ones to them. You can not be likened to vandals, but you should not even turn their other cheeks to them.

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The economic debacle of the coronavirus in graphics | Economy

The paralysis of air traffic, especially commercial flights, is a direct consequence of the coronavirus pandemic, which has confined more than a third of the world population. In the first four months of the year, world traffic has fallen by 60%, according to Eurocontrol. This decrease has been especially pronounced in the European Union, where the number of flights has been reduced by 88% on average, according to the same data. In Spain, the reduction is almost 95%. The pandemic has also affected maritime traffic, which began to notice the first declines in late January, especially since China accounts for a third of global container traffic. In fact, in the first two months of the year, the Asian giant’s international trade fell 9.6% year-on-year, according to data published by the country’s General Administration of Customs.


Global air traffic falls into

the first four months of 2020

WHO declares

the pandemic

On January 9 they registered 185,552 flights *; on April 15, 74,954

* Commercial passenger, cargo, private, helicopter, drone, military, government and health flights.

Flights are reduced in Spain

Fall in April from the previous year

WHO declares

the pandemic

On March 12 flights decreased in Spain a 10.5%; on the 17th, a 43.7%, and since March 28 the fall exceeds the 90%

Airports empty

in Madrid and Barcelona

WHO declares

the pandemic

Flight drop compared to 2019.

March 1: Madrid-Barajas, 4.4%; Barcelona-El Prat, 0.8; April 15: Barajas, 93%; El Prat, 96%

Global air traffic falls into

the first four months of 2020

WHO declares

the pandemic

On January 9 they registered 185,552 flights *; on April 15, 74,954

* Commercial passenger, cargo, private, helicopter, drone, military, government and health flights.

Flights are reduced in Spain

Fall in April from the previous year

WHO declares

the pandemic

On March 12 flights decreased in Spain a 10.5%; on the 17th, a 43.7%, and since March 28 the fall exceeds the 90%

Airports empty

in Madrid and Barcelona

WHO declares

the pandemic

Flight drop compared to 2019.

March 1: Madrid-Barajas, 4.4%; Barcelona-El Prat, 0.8; April 15: Barajas, 93%; El Prat, 96%

Global air traffic falls into

the first four months of 2020

Flights are reduced in Spain

Fall in April from the previous year

WHO declares

the pandemic

WHO declares

the pandemic

On January 9 they registered 185,552 flights *; on April 15, 74,954

On March 12 flights decreased in Spain a 10.5%; on the 17th, a 43.7%, and since March 28 the fall exceeds the 90%

* Commercial passenger, cargo, private, helicopter, drone, military, government and health flights.

Airports empty

in Madrid and Barcelona

WHO declares

the pandemic

Flight drop compared to 2019.

March 1: Madrid-Barajas, 4.4%; Barcelona-El Prat, 0.8; April 15: Barajas, 93%; El Prat, 96%

Global air traffic falls into

the first four months of 2020

Flights are reduced in Spain

Airports empty

in Madrid and Barcelona

Fall in April from the previous year

WHO declares

the pandemic

WHO declares

the pandemic

WHO declares

the pandemic

On January 9 they registered 185,552 flights *; on April 15, 74,954

On March 12 flights decreased in Spain a 10.5%; on the 17th, a 43.7%, and since March 28 the fall exceeds the 90%

Flight drop compared to 2019.

March 1: Madrid-Barajas, 4.4%; Barcelona-El Prat, 0.8; April 15: Barajas, 93%; El Prat, 96%

* Commercial passenger, cargo, private, helicopter, drone, military, government and health flights.

The confinement of citizens in their homes has also had an impact on road traffic, which has experienced a notable decrease, visible daily on the streets of any city. Last Friday, private car traffic in Madrid and Barcelona was around 65% lower compared to a February business day. These are the last images available today, April 17th.

Press to see the most recent images

Madrid

Plaza de Cibeles

Plaza de Cibeles

Puerta de Alcalá

Puerta de Alcalá

Columbus Square

Columbus Square

Barcelona

Ramblas and Columbus monument

Ramblas and Columbus monument

Plaça Urquinaona

Plaça Urquinaona

Plaça Antonio López

Plaça Antonio López

Empty streets have in turn influenced air quality. According to data compiled by Ecologists in Action, the average of gas emissions from traffic during the month of March was 55% lower than the average for the last period.

Blow to the job

Coronavirus has had a devastating effect on the labor market. Since the closure of the schools was announced on March 9, until the end of the month, Social Security lost more than 800,000 members, leaving a total of 19 million the number of contributors. It is the same number of people who stopped trading between October 2, 2008 and February 27, 2009, the period considered as the zero zone of the Great Recession caused by the Lehman Brothers bankruptcy. The number of unemployed rose in the same period by 302,265, according to data from the Ministries of Labor and Social Security. In addition, 3.5 million workers have been affected by an ERTE, double that between 2009 and 2019.


The effects of the coronavirus

shoots the total of unemployed

In February, 3,246,047 unemployed; in March, 3,548,312

Source: Ministry of Labor.

The increase in March more than 300,000 unemployed is the largest since 2010

Source: Ministry of Labor.

Workers descend

in Social Security

The average number of members in February was 19,250,229; in March, 19,006,760

Source: Ministry of Labor.

Membership drop in March

Regarding February (last day of the month)

The lost of 833,979 jobs is the worst figure in the statistical series.

Source: Ministry of Labor.

The effects of the coronavirus

shoots the total of unemployed

In February, 3,246,047 unemployed; in March, 3,548,312

Source: Ministry of Labor.

The increase in March more than 300,000 unemployed is the largest since 2010

Source: Ministry of Labor.

Workers descend

in Social Security

The average number of members in February was 19,250,229; in March, 19,006,760

Source: Ministry of Labor.

Membership drop in March

Regarding February (last day of the month)

The lost of 833,979 jobs is the worst figure in the statistical series.

Source: Ministry of Labor.

The effects of the coronavirus

shoots the total of unemployed

In February, 3,246,047 unemployed; in March, 3,548,312

The increase in March more than 300,000 unemployed is the largest since 2010

Source: Ministry of Labor.

Source: Ministry of Labor.

Workers descend

in Social Security

Membership drop in March

Regarding February (last day of the month)

The average number of members in February was 19,250,229; in March, 19,006,760

The lost of 833,979 jobs is the worst figure in the statistical series.

Source: Ministry of Labor.

Source: Ministry of Labor.

The effects of the coronavirus

shoots the total of unemployed

Workers descend

in Social Security

Membership drop in March

Regarding February (last day of the month)

In February, 3,246,047 unemployed; in March, 3,548,312

The increase in March more than 300,000 unemployed is the largest since 2010

The average number of members in February was 19,250,229; in March, 19,006,760

The lost of 833,979 jobs is the worst figure in the statistical series.

Source: Ministry of Labor.

Source: Ministry of Labor.

Source: Ministry of Labor.

Source: Ministry of Labor.

And if the effects during the first weeks of confinement have been devastating, the forecasts are not hopeful. The IMF predicts that Spain concludes 2020 with 20.8% unemployed.

The sectors

Although it is premature to estimate the economic losses from the coronavirus pandemic, the comparison with the 2003 SARS epidemic predicts devastating consequences. Then, the virus, which sickened more than 8,000 people and killed 774, caused worldwide losses of between 35,000 and 50,000 million euros, according to different analyzes. SARS-CoV-2 has already affected more than two million people in four months and has killed more than 150,000. Tourism, hospitality, commerce or the automotive sector are among the most affected sectors – although there are many more. This is the decline they have suffered during the crisis:


The fall of tourism

planned for 2020

In the case of a scenario without activity in establishments dedicated to tourism between April and June.

Biggest decrease in tourism activity in 2020: Balearic Islands -41%

Billing of the sector

of the hospitality industry

Expected fall after the closure of establishments.

Billing planned for

2020 before the health crisis

124,000

millions of euros

After the closing of

establishments

-40,000

millions of euros

After the closing of

establishments

-30% / – 40%

Bars, restaurants and accommodation: 314,000; workers: 1,700,000

Source: Hospitality of Spain / B & C and EY.

The sale of cars falls

at a level never recorded

Vehicle registration in March

Car registration. March 2019: 122,659; March 2020: 37,644

Lower electricity consumption

that in March 2019

March 23 (second

week of confinement)

April 6 (second week of

paralysis of non-essential activities)

Source: Red Eléctrica Española (REE).

The fall of tourism

planned for 2020

In the case of a scenario without activity in establishments dedicated to tourism between April and June.

Biggest decrease in tourism activity in 2020: Balearic Islands -41%

Billing of the sector

of the hospitality industry

Expected fall after the closure of establishments.

Billing planned for

2020 before the health crisis

124,000

millions of euros

After the closing of

establishments

-40,000

millions of euros

After the closing of

establishments

-30% / – 40%

Bars, restaurants and accommodation: 314,000; workers: 1,700,000

Source: Hospitality of Spain / B & C and EY.

The sale of cars falls

at a level never recorded

Vehicle registration in March

Car registration. March 2019: 122,659; March 2020: 37,644

Lower electricity consumption

that in March 2019

March 23 (second

week of confinement)

April 6 (second week of

paralysis of non-essential activities)

Source: Red Eléctrica Española (REE).

The fall of tourism

planned for 2020

Billing of the sector

of the hospitality industry

In the case of a scenario without activity in establishments dedicated to tourism between April and June.

Expected fall after the closure of establishments.

Billing planned for

2020 before the health crisis

124,000

millions of euros

After the closing of

establishments

-40,000

millions of euros

After the closing of

establishments

-30% / – 40%

Biggest decrease in tourism activity in 2020: Balearic Islands -41%

Bars, restaurants and accommodation: 314,000; workers: 1,700,000

Source: Hospitality of Spain / B & C and EY.

The sale of cars falls

at a level never recorded

Lower electricity consumption

that in March 2019

Vehicle registration in March

March 23 (second

week of confinement)

April 6 (second week of

paralysis of non-essential activities)

Car registration. March 2019: 122,659; March 2020: 37,644

Source: Red Eléctrica Española (REE).

The fall of tourism

planned for 2020

Billing of the sector

of the hospitality industry

The sale of cars falls

at a level never recorded

Lower electricity consumption

that in March 2019

In the case of a scenario without activity in establishments dedicated to tourism between April and June.

Expected fall after the closure of establishments.

Vehicle registration in March

Billing planned for

2020 before the health crisis

124,000

millions of euros

After the closing of

establishments

-40,000

millions of euros

After the closing of

establishments

-30% / – 40%

March 23 (second

week of confinement)

April 6 (second week of

paralysis of non-essential activities)

Biggest decrease in tourism activity in 2020: Balearic Islands -41%

Bars, restaurants and accommodation: 314,000; workers: 1,700,000

Car registration. March 2019: 122,659; March 2020: 37,644

Source: Hospitality of Spain / B & C and EY.

Source: Red Eléctrica Española (REE).

Work has already announced that it is studying increasing ERTE force majeure in the sectors most affected by the crisis. In addition, the resumption of activity in Spain, once the covid-19 epidemic allows it, will be carried out in two stages: the first will affect the productive sectors and will take place until the summer, and the second will include the sectors most affected by the crisis and will last until the end of the year, which means that, according to government forecasts, sectors such as tourism or hospitality will take months to recover.

The reaction of the markets

Stock market losses from the coronavirus total hundreds of billions. Although stimulus from governments and central banks has slightly slowed the decline, investors’ fear of the collapse of companies has hit the main parquets hard:


The Ibex 35

falls to zone

minimum

Brusque

fall of the

Dow Jones

2/19/2020: 10,083 Max.

03-16-2020: 6,107 Min.

12-2-2020: 29,551 Max.

03-23-2020: 18,591 Min.

Evolution of

the cousin of

risk

The oil,

in minima

20 years

Dollars per barrel Brent

6-1-2020: 68.91 Max.

3-31-2020: 22.74 Min.

3-18-2020: 146.3 Max.

03-26-2020: 84.0 Min.

Gold scales

as active

refuge

04-14-2020: 1,768 Max.

03-16-2020: 1,461 Min.

The Ibex 35

falls to zone

minimum

Brusque

fall of the

Dow Jones

2/19/2020: 10,083 Max.

03-16-2020: 6,107 Min.

12-2-2020: 29,551 Max.

03-23-2020: 18,591 Min.

Evolution of

the cousin of

risk

The oil,

in minima

20 years

Dollars per barrel Brent

6-1-2020: 68.91 Max.

3-31-2020: 22.74 Min.

3-18-2020: 146.3 Max.

03-26-2020: 84.0 Min.

Gold scales

as active

refuge

04-14-2020: 1,768 Max.

03-16-2020: 1,461 Min.

The Ibex 35

falls to zone

minimum

Brusque

fall of the

Dow Jones

Evolution of

the cousin of

risk

2/19/2020: 10,083 Max.

03-16-2020: 6,107 Min.

12-2-2020: 29,551 Max.

03-23-2020: 18,591 Min.

3-18-2020: 146.3 Max.

03-26-2020: 84.0 Min.

The oil,

in minima

20 years

Gold scales

as active

refuge

Dollars per barrel Brent

6-1-2020: 68.91 Max.

3-31-2020: 22.74 Min.

04-14-2020: 1,768 Max.

03-16-2020: 1,461 Min.

The Ibex 35

falls to zone

minimum

Brusque

fall of the

Dow Jones

Evolution of

the cousin of

risk

The oil,

in minima

20 years

Gold scales

as active

refuge

Dollars per barrel Brent

2/19/2020: 10,083 Max.

03-16-2020: 6,107 Min.

12-2-2020: 29,551 Max.

03-23-2020: 18,591 Min.

3-18-2020: 146.3 Max.

03-26-2020: 84.0 Min.

6-1-2020: 68.91 Max.

3-31-2020: 22.74 Min.

04-14-2020: 1,768 Max.

03-16-2020: 1,461 Min.

However, with positive prospects, the Stock Exchange rebounds to the upside. This is what happened after the presentation by the President of the United States, Donald Trump, of a plan to resume the country’s activity in mid-June.

Forecasts: it can still get worse

The most optimistic scenario of the IMF foresees a fall in GDP in Spain of 8%, the worst in its recent history, as long as there are no delays in containing the pandemic or a flare-up that confines part of the planet again. But it is not the only negative indicator. The collapse of fuels – exacerbated by the recently resolved conflict between Russia and Saudi Arabia – and light has brought the CPI to 0%, a figure that has not decreased since August 2016 – the forecast is that it will close the year in -0.3% -. These are some of the apocalyptic economic indicators left by the coronavirus crisis.


Inflation

will close the year

at negative rate

The economy

Spanish is

will collapse

this year

Breaks the

trend of

six years of

I stop on the downside

* IMF forecast

(2020 and 2021)

Source: Ministry

of the Treasury.

* IMF forecast

(2020 and 2021)

Source: Bank

from Spain.

Inflation

will close the year

at negative rate

The economy

Spanish is

will collapse

this year

Breaks the

trend of

six years of

I stop on the downside

* IMF forecast

(2020 and 2021)

Source: Ministry

of the Treasury.

* IMF forecast

(2020 and 2021)

Source: Bank

from Spain.

The economy

Spanish is

will collapse

this year

Inflation

will close the year

at negative rate

Breaks the

trend of

six years of

I stop on the downside

* IMF forecast

(2020 and 2021)

* IMF forecast

(2020 and 2021)

Source: Ministry

of the Treasury.

Source: Bank

from Spain.

The economy

Spanish is

will collapse

this year

Inflation

will close the year

at negative rate

Breaks the

trend of

six years of

I stop on the downside

* IMF forecast

(2020 and 2021)

* IMF forecast

(2020 and 2021)

Source: Ministry

of the Treasury.

Source: Bank

from Spain.

.

Brian Dennehy, secondary film and television historian, dies at age 81

Brian Dennehy, an actor known for his long career in film, television and theater and who appeared as a secondary in films like ‘Cornered‘o’Cocoon‘, has died at 81 years ofcauses not related to coronavirus.

It was his daughter, also an actressElizabeth Dennehy, who announced the death on social networks. “It is with great regret that we announce that our father, Brian, passed away last night from natural causes not related to Covid,” Dennehy’s daughter tweeted, who defined her father as a “bigger than life, generous man and a father and grandfather. proud and devoted. ” “His wife Jennifer, his family and many friends will miss him,” he concluded.

Dennehy, a regular face as a secondary in film and television, he achieved great recognition on the Broadway tables, where he was done withtwo Tony Awards, the highest theatrical awards. The first was won for his portrayal as Willy Loman in a new montage of ‘Death of a Salesman’ by Arthur Miller in 1999 and the second in 2003 for his role as James Tyrone in Eugene O”s ‘Long Journey Into Night’ Neill.

In the cinema he was secondary in tapes as popular as the first installment of Rambo, ‘Cornered‘(1982),’Cocoon‘(1985),’Silverado(1985), ‘Presumed innocent’ (1990), ‘Romeo + Juliet by William Shakespeare’ (1996), ‘Assault on the 13th district’ (2005), ‘Just murder’ (2008) or ‘The next three days’ (2010 ).

On the small screen he won a Golden Globe in 2001for his portrayal in the television adaptation of ‘Death of a traveler‘and wasfive-time Emmy nominee, the last in 2005 for his work in the telefilm “Secrets of Confession”.

.

Miguel Jones, historical player of the Atlético de Madrid dies

The former Spanish soccer playerMiguel Jones CastilloHe has died at the age of 81, as confirmed on Wednesday theAtlético de Madrid, club where he became one of its most emblematic players with 129 official matches defending the mattress shirt.

“Today is a sad day for the rojiblanca family.Atlético de Madrid is mourning the death of our former player “, has indicated the mattress team about Jones, born on October 27, 1938 in Malabo (Equatorial Guinea) and who played eight seasons at Atleti.

“He is one of the mythical figures of our club with129 official matches defending the red and white, being part of a team that will always remain in the memory of our fans, “continued the text of condolence.

Thus, Jones arrived at Atleti in 1959 from Indautxu and at the request of Fernando Daucik. He debuted on October 18 of that same year in a duel against Granada in the old Metropolitan stadium. “Jones stood out as a great striker who, thanks to his physical display and versatility, could be considered a wild card for coaches,” the note stressed.

“You could see him play as a striker, winger, midfielder and even center back”, He added about a footballer who scored one of the goals that won the Recopa title in 1962, defeating Fiorentina 3-0 in the tiebreaker of a final that was Atleti’s first European title.

During his time as a mattress maker, Jones scored 50 goals and won five titles: LaLiga from 1965/66, three Cups (1960, 1961 and 1965) and that historic Recopa to premiere the club’s record in the ‘Old Continene’.

“With Jones’ departure, the athletic family losesanother symbol that gave everything for this clubon and off the field of play. From the club, the president, CEO and our council show their sincere condolences to all their family and friends, “concluded the press release, implicitly referring to the recent death of Joaquín Peiró.

.

Five Anglo-Saxon films loaded with Black Legend and historical errors about the Spanish

Updated:

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Related news

Some are reputed to have an acid sense of humor and to spend all day having tea. Others to love above all things “Liberté, la Égalité, la Fraternité” and roquefort cheese. Many in the north of being too hardworking or overly civic … All countries and races have a series of stereotypes linked, almost always false or incomplete but rarely as harmful as in the Spanish case. A good part of the topics about the Spanish derive from what was proclaimed by the Anglo-Dutch propaganda of the 16th century (they were the precursors, although not the only ones) about the violent, fanatic, backward and depraved nature of the country of Felipe II. A hate speech that is still reflected today in the way in which the rest of the world and the cinema see the nation of siesta, bleeding and clapping.

Movies are never completely harmless. The images are engraved in the mind with much more depth than the written word », says Henry Kamen about the danger of perpetuating certain prejudices.

“Pirates of the Caribbean”

As account Stephen Vincent Boisseau in the study «The image of the presence of Spain in America (1492-1898) in British and American cinema ”, it is unthinkable that today in theme parks aimed at children, the looting, for example, of a Chinese town in 1930 by Japanese troops or a German one by troops was staged in an attraction with happy music Swedes in the 17th century. And that is precisely what is represented in the Disney films of the “Pirates of the Caribbean” saga: the joyous staging of the robbery, torture and looting of Spanish cities in America, which were at the time the tapes were developed the country with greater presence in the area.

The “Pirates of the Caribbean” saga has contributed to trivialize the looting carried out by pirates, especially Anglo-Saxons, on populations of the Caribbean

“This indicates a trivialization of evil in the public’s mind, with an internalization by hundreds of millions of people of the idea that it is admissible and normal to carelessly view crimes committed by pirates,” he points out in his report. Stephen Vincent Boisseau. From an Anglo-Saxon view of history, there is an apology for behavior typified as criminal criminals according to western and international criminal legislation. The suffering of thousands of people is normalized to extol some heroes, or antiheroes, who enjoy undeserved fame in the Anglo-Saxon imagination.

In parallel to the increase in trade between America and Seville, the French Monarchy and other enemies of the empire began to finance pirate expeditions against the ships that the Spanish used to transport merchandise. In 1521, French pirates under the command of Juan Florin managed to capture part of the known as “The Treasure of Montezuma”, the bulk of the wealth that Hernán Cortés sent to Carlos V after the conquest of Tenochtitlan, opening a whole new avenue for assaults and boardings. However, the Spanish soon learned to defend themselves against the French pirates, who were later joined by the English and the Dutch, through impressive galleons, much more armed than pirate ships, and a system of convoys that, centuries later , would serve the allied nations in World War I to structure their defense against German submarines.

Between 1540 and 1650 – the period of greatest flow in the transport of gold and silver – of the 11,000 ships that made the America-Spain route, 519 ships were lost, most of them due to storms and other natural reasons. Only 107 did it for pirate attacks, that is, less than 1%, according to the calculations of Fernando Martínez Laínez in his book “Tercios de España: Una legendean infantry”.

Between 1540 and 1650, the period of greatest flow in the transport of gold and silver, of the 11,000 ships that made the America-Spain journey, 519 were lost

The historian Germán Vázquez Chamorro, author of the book “Female Pirates” (Algaba Ediciones), downplays the influence that piracy could have had in the process of decline of the Spanish Empire. In his opinion, the most famous pirates risen to fame, especially for English literature and propaganda, actually attacked fishing boats or boats of little or no value to the Spanish Crown. In fact, Spain’s enemies dispensed with allying themselves with pirates when they discovered other methods of gaining ground on this empire. Thus, in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, all nations conspired to mercilessly pursue and punish pirates.

Roosevelt, the hero who massacred Spaniards

One of the reasons why the US He convinced his public opinion of the need to expel the Spaniards from Cuba because, following the dogmas of the Black Legend, it was a town of uncivilized bad Christians who were exploiting the local population. The yellow press and also politicians like this contributed to this propaganda campaign. Theodore Roosevelt, who would be president of the country from 1901 to 1909 and directly intervened in war.

Roosevelt was a staunch defender of the superiority of the Anglo-Saxon-Germanic race, as he wrote in his book “The Conquest of the West,” implying that Indians, African-Americans, and Hispanics were inferior beings. For these convictions and for mere political interest, the then undersecretary of the Navy did not hesitate to the outbreak of war with Spain to enlist as lieutenant colonel, second in command of the 1st Voluntary Cavalry Regiment, a unit of more than a thousand riders known as «Rough Riders» («hard riders»). However, Roosevelt’s role in that hill of San Juan (Santiago de Cuba), the bloodiest battle of the war, was mythologized until falling into blatant lies. The image of the politician leading a brave charge of his regiment against a mined hill of Spaniards spread with Remington paintings.

Frame of Roosevelt in the series «Rude Riders»
Frame of Roosevelt in the series «Rude Riders»

Over the years this mythical vision earned Roosevelt the Medal of Honor of the congress and cinema works, without the slightest hysterical criteria, as a tribute. William Night in 1919 he directed “The fighting Roosevelts,” a biography authorized by the President that included the charge at San Juan. The reality is that Roosevelt and his men went up the hill on foot, while they were the Buffalo Soldier, a unit of African Americans who had saved the Rough Riders on the previous hill, who carried out the most direct attack in front of a group of Spaniards in numerical inferiority. The Rough Riders were late for the fight, but in time to take an iconic photograph and shoot the Spanish in the back. Roosevelt himself boasted after the conflict of killing enemies like animals: “I killed with my own hand a Spaniard like a hare.”

«I killed with my own hand a Spaniard like a hare»

Other later films like “The negative” (1925) and The Rough Riders (1927) portrayed the conflict in the same romantic terms. Also, in 1997, on the eve of the centennial of the conflict, the series «Rude riders», which uses “the inversion of guilt, the concealment of historical facts, the exaggeration and misrepresentation of facts” to present an alternative reality to what really happened in Santiago de Cuba. In addition to lies and myths, fiction emphasizes the union of Yankees and Confederates in the war, as well as the integration of Native Americans, African Americans, and even a Hispanic character, Sgt. Rafael Castillo, who claims to fight for the freedom of Cubans, Americans like him, against the Spanish who mistreat them with hunger, beatings and take their wives.

Completely improbable reconstruction of the US situation in 1898, where Confederate veterans would never have agreed to have blacks around when the Ku-Klux-Klan roamed at ease in the south; where the Mexicans knew that Spain was no longer the true enemy, after the signing of the Guadalupe Hidalgo Treaty (1848), which forced Mexico to cede half of its sovereign territory to the United States; and where the natives were confined to miserable reserves.

“The name of the rose”

Another film cited by Stephen Vincent Boisseau as an example on the topic of Spanish fans is “The name of the rose” (1986), based on the novel by the Italian Umberto Eco with the same title. In this work, a series of murders occur in an Italian abbey in the Order of Saint Benedict of the 14th century The British friar William de Baskerville, a former inquisitor follower of Roger Bacon and William of Ockham, two British promoters of science and logical reasoning as a divine gift, has to investigate. Faced with the progress represented by the English, the person responsible for the crimes turns out to be the Castilian monk Jorge de Burgos, a superstitious fanatic who hates laughter and progress.

Umberto Eco describes it like this:

“The one who had just spoken was a monk hunched over by the weight of the years, white as snow; I don’t mean the hair, but also the face, and the pupils. I understood that I was blind. Although the body was already shrinking from the weight of age, the voice was still majestic, and the arms and hands powerful. He fixed his eyes on us as if he were watching us, and always, also in the days that followed, I saw him move and speak as if he still had the gift of sight. But the tone of the voice, on the other hand, was that of someone who was endowed with the gift of prophecy ».

Still from Sean Connery as the enlightened friar from “The Name of the Rose”

Somehow William of Baskerville he is a forerunner of the Reformation and Jorge de Burgos one of those Catholics who would supposedly cling to the past in the Council of Trent. The idea that the Anglo-Saxon world, through Protestant reform, managed to break the chains that tied Europe to the Middle Ages is a constant to explain why today, at least in appearance, the Catholic area of ​​the continent is less developed economically and scientifically. However, there is no causal correlation between the Reformation and the Scientific Revolution. As noted science historian David Wooton noted in an article in Nature magazine in 2017, titled History: Science and Reformation“The scientific revolution took place independently of the Protestant reform, if it had not existed, the scientific achievements would have been the same.”

There is no causal correlation between the Reformation and the Scientific Revolution, only temporal

The proof of this is that there were great Catholic scientists, like Copernicus, Galileo, Pascal or Mendel, without being born on one side or the other of Europe guaranteed a path of roses for the discoverers. Because it is also not true that Protestants were more permeable to certain discoveries. In Spain the work of Copernicus enjoyed great prestige and the University of Salamanca considered it to be compulsory reading, while it was prohibited in the Universities of Zurich (1553), Rostock (1573) and Tübingen (1582), among others in Protestant territories. Calvin came to attack the Pole for daring to place himself above the Holy Spirit.

«1492: The conquest of paradise»

The supposed genocide of the indigenous population in America is another of the props of what is known as the Black Legend. The film “1492: The Conquest of Paradise”, directed by Ridley Scott in the year that commemorated five hundred years after the arrival of Columbus, he resorts to the usual topics to explain how a backward and fanatical nation like Castilla, represented as a field of executions and inquisitorial repression, ended up enriching itself by corrupting a paradise in the land. Idea taken from the myth of “good wild” of the Enlightenment, so that indigenous and pre-Columbian societies are presented as a lost paradise corrupted by Europeans. This hardly matches the human sacrifices, cannibalism, and brutality that the conquistadors found in some American towns.

Gérard Depardieu, like Columbus, in “1492: The Conquest of Paradise”

In the movie of Ridley ScottThe Genoese Columbus must face the opposition of many elements of Castilian society in order to carry his expedition forward, so that more than with Spanish help he manages to reach America in spite of them. The anti-Spanish vision appears reflected in the systematic mistreatment of the Indians as soon as they step on land. The Spanish Adrián de Moxica, a real character who went with Columbus on his third trip, cuts hands and mistreats the Indians who do not give him gold and taxes, while the supposedly Genoese navigator opposes this way of acting of the Spanish. The reality is just the opposite. Christopher Columbus turned a deaf ear to Isabel La Católica’s claims of “treating these Indians very well and with affection” and enslaved the Taíno Indians on their successive trips until dramatically reducing their number.

The Spanish Adrián de Moxica, a real character who went with Columbus on his third trip, cuts hands and mistreats the Indians who do not give him gold and taxes, despite the fact that the supposedly Genoese navigator opposes this way of acting

The chroniclers Bartolomé de Las Casas criticized the cruelty of Columbus to the Indians and recalled in his texts that it contradicted the spirit “of benevolence, sweetness and Christian peace” claimed by the Catholic Monarchs. When Columbus appeared with a thousand slaves on his second return to Spain, the queen of castile He ordered the sailor to return these men and women to the New World, which was too late for many of them, due to the Iberian cold and exposure to unknown diseases.

Elizabeth: the Golden Age

The Anglican tradition places the fight between Catholics and Protestants of the 16th century, staged in the misnamed Invincible Army, the founding myth of the English nation. Felipe II is the villain of a fable where English Catholics, like today Catalans who do not declare themselves independent, are painted by nationalists as traitors or agents in the service of foreigners. The real English are the Anglicans and the rest are foreign fanatics.

In “Elizabeth: the Golden Age”, Elizabeth I is depicted as a war that drove troops to the coast in case the Spanish landed in England

The British movie Elizabeth: the Golden Age (2007), where Felipe II is played by a Jordi Mollà With a sinister voice and a dark personality, he collects all the anti-Spanish nationalist myths. Not only does she portray Elizabeth I as a compassionate, light-illuminated warrior woman in front of the intriguing King of Spain, she also presents the catastrophe of the Great and Happiest Spanish Army as a consequence of the victory of the fast and cunning English ships over the slow ones. and late Spanish ships, despite the fact that there was hardly any fighting between the two squads.

The Hispanicist Henry Kamen He criticized the film for its lack of rigor and its concessions to the nationalist tradition when presenting the Spanish as “the diabolical enemies of Spain”, an idea present for centuries in the persecution and execution of thousands of Catholics, in addition to perpetuating an image “absolutely negative and incorrect of the historical relations between England and Spain ». In general, the British historian defined the tape as “a blatant hymn of praise for England and its greatness.”

.