Who gets the most credit: Brady or Belichick? – NBC Boston

From 2001 to 2019, the New England Patriots have won the AFC East 17 times. The other two years ended in a tie in first place.

In that time frame, they went to 12 AFC championship games and nine Super bowls. Six have won.

Bill Belichick and Tom Brady have been together for the entire race and – thanks to the past two decades – are now recognized as the best coach and quarterback in NFL history respectively.

Trying to share credit for a race never seen before the NFL domination and perhaps the most incredible trait in the history of professional sport – to some extent – is missing the point.

Did the ancient Egyptians stand in front of the pyramids and discuss whether the architect or builders deserved more credit? Did Mrs Wright analyze which of her children – Wilbur or Orville – was primarily responsible for the invention, construction and flight of the first plane?

There is something to be said just to close and appreciate the realization, isn’t there? Yup.

And we will get there.

But right now, with the engines going down Route 1 to pack Tom Brady’s remaining stuff and take him out of Foxboro forever, the question hangs on everything. Which man was most responsible for creating the story we’ve seen written in the past two decades: Belichick or Brady?

Results may vary. In fact, I know they will. But here’s how I see it.

If it hadn’t been for Belichick, there would never have been the mini-dynasty that they became in the decade 2000-2009.

If it weren’t for Brady, the Patriots would never have become the Super Dynasty that they became from 2010 to 2019 when they blew up the 60s Packers, 70s Steelers, 80s Niners and 90s Cowboys to become the only franchise that has dominated two decades.

Bill gets the first decade

The moment Mo Lewis cut an artery in Drew Bledsoe’s chest in September 2001, he is touched as the history of the NFL has changed. It wasn’t. It will only speed up a trial that began when Robert Kraft decided to hire Belichick to succeed Pete Carroll in January 2000.

Belichick took a look at the team’s register and management and started fumigating and renewing. In the end – despite the heavy contract that the Patriots gave Bledsoe in January 2001 to help strengthen public confidence and private investment in building CMGI Field (possibly Gillette Stadium) – Belichick was wary of being tied to a quarterback that the coach was able to routinely undress whenever he trained against him.

Especially a quarterback who had to be paid as the top of the market, as Bledsoe and his agent David Dunn made clear.

Brady was not enlisted in the sixth round of the 2000 draft as Bledsoe’s successor, but in September it became clear to Belichick that he had something. And it became obvious during the 2001 offseason and the training camp that – although not better than Bledsoe in all – the child who made $ 298,000 was more mobile, more precise, more ready in his pocket and destined to be more suited to handling a Bledsoe game.

Mo Lewis accelerated the process and – with a painful stroke – made the transition relatively painless. But the credit goes to Belichick for seeing what he had, promoting it and having the decision to pull the trigger.

The fact that the Patriots went 14-5 under Brady after starting 5-13 under Bledsoe is persuasive evidence that Brady was the missing piece. But Belichick created the register, built the culture and hired the right people – from managers to coaches – to put the team in a position to succeed. It deserves more credit.

Brady may have helped them get where they did, but the Patriots were undoubtedly headed in the right direction and the fruits of Belichick’s designs were collected in 2003 and 2004.

Those Super Bowl wins – the first at the end of a season that started with the shooting down of lawyer Milloy in favor of Rodney Harrison; the second thanks largely to a dice throw on Corey Dillon – they were the victories for “culture”.

Disinterest imposed. All done for the greatest good of the team. Everything ego in your pocket. The most impressive aspect of the patriots was therefore their stamina and mental endurance. Brady was an important part. But so were Tedy Bruschi and Harrison, Matt Light, Richard Seymour, Mike Vrabel and so on.

Fifty-three very intelligent and capable players row together in the hold of the big ship while Belichick was over the bridge to trace a route. It was from 2001 to 2004.

The dips in 2005 and 2006 began the process that would have led Brady to become, largely on Belichick’s design, the engine.

The 2005 Patriots were hit by injuries – not a hindsight surprise when you consider the nine extra games played in the previous four seasons and the difficulty of staying on top. They started to see some friction to grow old – Troy Brown was 34 then – and the ongoing game was marked as well as their defense on the run. They went 10-6 and lost in the division round.

The following season, a protracted squabble over the contract led to the Deion Branch being swapped with Seattle shortly before the season began. Reche Caldwell led the team in receptions followed by Ben Watson, Troy Brown and Kevin Faulk. However, they were unable to advance to the Super Bowl, but lost on the road to the Colts.

That season, Brady got a toy he had never had in Randy Moss and a Troy Brown replica model named Wes Welker. The entire set of record sets went 16-0 and lost in the Super Bowl.

Which brings us to 2008. This is the season that many are aiming for when they say that it is Belichick’s genius that is most responsible for twenty-year success. The Patriots went 11-5 with Matt Cassel starting in quarterback. Hadn’t he been a beginner from high school, yet the patriots still went 11-5?

Cassel was exceptional, better than anyone could hope for. But it’s still a sharp drop from 16-0 to 11-5.

In 2009, the central defense core was expelled or withdrawn: Vrabel, Bruschi, Seymour and Harrison. Belichick complained to Brady on the sidelines during a defeat for the Saints that season that “I just can’t get these kids to play the way I want them. So frustrating.”

The season ended with an ignominious home defeat against the crows in the AFC division playoff round.

Brady gets the second decade

The patriots renewed in the off-season and, in my opinion, Brady was at the forefront of finding their places where they had no business at that stage of their reconstruction. In 2010, the Patriots went 14-2, they were seed no. 1 and Brady was the unanimous MVP.

The offense, moving away from the narrow final position, enlisted two – Rob Gronkowski and Aaron Hernandez – and their production would become historic in 2011 when the Patriots arrived at the Super Bowl and lost again to the Giants. Brady launched for 5,235 career yards with 39 touchdowns and 12 picks.

In the 2012 season, he launched 637 times, a career high and one of three times in four seasons that attempted more than 600 passes. With a defense that too often seemed to resist better teams, it was Brady and the offense to score and score and score a little more. They were the first, third, first and third in points marked from 2010 to 2013. Defensively in that period they were eighth, 15th, ninth and tenth.

Even in 2013, when Hernandez was jailed for murder, Gronkowski was grounded due to back surgery and then with an ACL, Brady still ran by hitting the ball with Julian Edelman, Danny Amendola and – to a lesser extent – Kenbrell Thompkins, Aaron Dobson and Shane Vereen.

They won the Super Bowl in 2014, winning a shootout against the Ravens in the Divisional Round, 35-31, and then overcoming a 24-14 deficit against the Seahawks in the fourth quarter when Brady moved to a completely different level in the fourth quarter.

The previous April, Belichick had enlisted Brady’s aspiring successor, Jimmy Garoppolo, in the second round. Brady, perhaps remembering the shrug that Drew Bledsoe had encountered Brady’s arrival 14 years earlier, would not have fallen asleep on the move with the team that ran Garoppolo.

Brady went on to launch 69 touchdowns and 16 predictions in 2014 and 15. He lost four suspension games in 2016 – Garoppolo overcame six quarters of Brady’s relief before hurting himself and giving way to Jacoby Brissett – but he still threw 28 touchdowns and two interceptions before ending that season with a 43- record. by-62, 466 yards in the Super Bowl when the Patriots canceled out a deficit of 28-3. Brady did it at 39.

At 40 in the AFCCG, without Edelman, without an injured Gronkowski, Brady and Amendola joined together to push the Patriots beyond the Jaguars and in the Super Bowl against Philly where he would have launched for 505 yards.

So let’s tell here. From 2010 to 2017, the Patriots have reached seven consecutive AFC Championship Games and the year they didn’t, Brady was the unanimous MVP. He wrote the filming of the playoffs against Ravens and Seahawks in 2014, the Falcons in 2016, the Jaguars in 2017 and led the team to two Super Bowl wins.

In 2018, Edelman was exiting an ACL and was therefore suspended for the first four games. Gronk was injured for a large chunk of the year. Phillip Dorsett and Chris Hogan were the main gimmicks for a while until the team faced Josh Gordon. It’s still? The team went 11-5, Brady put them on his back in the fourth quarter and overtime in Kansas City in the AFCCG and then the Patriots defense checked against the Rams and delivered a Super Bowl to Brady – apart from the shot at Gronk which led to the game’s winning touchdown – he just had to play OK to win the team.

The final verdict

So, see what my answer to this debate is now. Bill gets a bigger share of the first three Lombards. Tom gets a higher share than the second three.

So many people over the years have speculated that Belichick wants to prove that he can win a championship without Brady. I don’t know if it’s true.

I think if Brady was gone, Belichick would appreciate the opportunity, but I never thought he would have wanted to get rid of what he thinks is a quarterback capable of giving him a title that the others couldn’t.

Maybe that’s why we’re here. Belichick doesn’t see Brady as special as he once was. Great? Sure. Are there other guys who can do things they can’t do now? Belichick seems to think so. Brady has apparently survived its usefulness here.

Bill will do what he has done to so many other players. Go ahead. But this is the life cycle of the NFL.

From what I’ve been told and what I’ve collected, Brady agrees. He hoped to be special and to be able to write a different ending here, but to realize he couldn’t shock him. For a legend, it is rather well established.

Playing for Bill Belichick will help keep a player that way. And maybe even for that, Belichick deserves a lot of credit. He allowed Tom Brady to become Tom Brady because he was eternally and exasperatedly Bill Belichick.

Every. Single. Year.


“It would take billions to rebuild”

The cross : What is the state of the Syrian economy after nine years of war? Why has the situation been getting worse for a few months?

Jihad Yazigi: The conflict is over in much of Syria, but it still continues in some areas, particularly Idlib in the northwest. In nine years, the country has been largely destroyed. However, the Syrian government has no funds to rebuild it – part of its public resources continues to finance the war effort, and kinds of mafias take it over on the other hand and nobody is ready to provide it. . Neither the West, nor the Gulf countries, nor even its Russian and Iranian allies. The latter provide him with a few lines of credit to enable him to buy oil, but they cannot afford to go beyond that.

→ READ. Despair Gets Syrians After Nine Years of War

In principle, a country experiences strong growth after the war. This is not the case in Syria. Companies are reopening because the 16 to 17 million Syrians have to eat, dress and repair their homes. But it would take billions and billions of dollars for the economy to really restart. Last year’s growth was mainly driven by a good harvest supported by heavy rains. The other sectors of industry or services are very bad.

The war has also resulted in the emigration of 6 million Syrians, mostly managers and graduates. Even if the country were to rebuild, it would still run into a shortage of engineers, architects, accountants or a lawyer today. The situation is really bad …

What is the impact of the Lebanese crisis on Syria?

J. Y.: Since August 2019, the Lebanese banking sector has placed restrictions on the withdrawal of dollars by its customers. However, the government, large traders but also many Syrians use Lebanese banks to obtain oil and other goods and materials. Like the Lebanese, the Syrians lack dollars. As a result, their currency collapsed on the black market: while a dollar was exchanged for 600 Syrian pounds in July 2019, it was worth 1,070 at the end of February.

→ EXPLANATION. In Idlib, a humanitarian drama in the eyes of the world

Inflation a fall in their purchasing power. To the point that the government had to put in place a rationing system for four basic products, in addition to gasoline and fuel oil: sugar, vegetable oil, rice and tea. Each family, according to its composition, is entitled to a certain quantity of these products which it pays – at the subsidized rate – by means of an electronic card at merchants. Only bread is sold at low prices and in unlimited quantities.

With this system, Syria finally revives an old practice, widely used by the Baath party before the economy is gradually liberalized. The problem is that wages remain very low – around $ 50 on average – and that between 100,000 and 150,000 young people enter the job market each year.

What is the impact of European and American sanctions on the country?

J. Y.: There should be no illusions: the regime in place will remain so. The negative impact of the sanctions is therefore mainly felt by the population.

What is needed is to allow exemptions on certain sectors. The United States further strengthened its system at the end of last year by passing the Caesar Syrian Civilian Protection Act, named after the military photographer who published tens of thousands of photos of victims of torture. Even in France, the banks are often paralyzed and refuse almost all operations linked to Syria: it would be necessary at least to specify the prohibited transactions and those which are not.

Lifting international sanctions would undoubtedly be very good news not only for the regime but for all of civil society. But what card would the European countries and the United States keep to weigh in the negotiations? How would they manage to make the regime accept the return of the refugees or to obtain information on the thousands of missing? Removing the sanctions would be tantamount to putting an end to them.


Lula seeks his place in Brazilian politics | International

He said nothing. It was unnecessary. The expression of the Brazilian Nanci Ramos Menezes, 64, said it all. His face was one of deep disappointment. When he heard that former President Lula da Silva, 74, was not going to arrive, that he was canceling his presence at the event where he had been waiting for him for two hours, he had an instant of disbelief. But yes, it was confirmed. Lula raised at the last minute about 250 people gathered by the Movement of Affected by Dams, a veteran popular movement, in Betim (Minas Gerais) this Friday of strong storms. The politician would be in that city, 27 kilometers from Brumadinho, on the eve of the first anniversary of the most serious industrial disaster in Brazil, which this Saturday remembers the 270 people devoured by a tidal wave of mud in a mine.

It was an opportunity for Lula to meet again, for the first time since he was released two and a half months ago, with his followers from Minas Gerais, to achieve a place at the same time on television and in the national debate. Until the warning came: his security team advised him not to travel to Betim in a storm of heavy rain that has caused at least a dozen deaths.

While a sleepy Brazil enjoys the pre-Carnival summer, Lula is dedicated to reorganizing the Workers’ Party, which he founded almost 40 years ago, and his life. Widowed, he has a girlfriend, plans to get married and is looking for a new home. Disciplined, start the day with walks and weights and try not to lengthen working hours. “He is seeing friends, center-left governors,” explains his spokesman. In addition, he has chaired a PT continuation congress, has been applauded in political-festive events and has played a soccer match with Chico Buarque and members of the Movement of the Landless.

He seeks his place in Brazilian politics after 19 months imprisoned for corruption and two convictions that prevent him from being a candidate. “He must strengthen the left, he must speak to the bases,” said Ramos Menezes de Lula when he was still expected as a star player.

It is not easy for the leftist to find his place because Bolsonaro and his people, with a torrent of controversial decisions and explosive statements, leave almost no one in political discourse. The only one who occasionally peeks into the headlines is the president of the Chamber of Deputies. As happened in the United States when Trump arrived with his groundbreaking uses for the Presidency, the Brazilian press is with his tongue out trying to cover Bolsonarism, which covers the classic news channels and networks.

An example. The 24 hours prior to Lula’s act began with a racist comment. Bolsonaro said that, “increasingly, Indians are human beings like us.” He also threatened to downgrade the ministry run by his most popular minister, Sergio Moro. The former judge was silent publicly, but made it known through third parties that if it were consummated he would leave; and an Instagram account was opened that had nothing more than half a million followers. Bolsonaro rushed off from India, where he is on an official visit. No, Moro’s ministry remains as it is. Meanwhile, a veteran soap opera lady celebrates her seventh day considering whether to accept the presidential invitation to be Minister of Culture to replace Goebbels’ plagiarist. It seems logical that Brazilians love memes.

Doctor in Political Science Flavia Bozza Martins argues that Lula can now better gauge how things are in public opinion and institutional politics. “It is important because perhaps he did not see clearly from his cell in the Federal Police that public opinion is disconnected.” One of the difficulties he faces is that the rallies are attended only by militants and “the lack of space in the traditional media prevents Lula from reaching the ears of ordinary citizens as he would like.”

He also has a difficult relationship with the press, including the ubiquitous Globo network. The former president has stated that he would like to give a live interview but “no media from the Globo group has asked to interview him,” according to Lula’s spokesman, who upon regaining his freedom only spoke to foreign media -including this newspaper- and some Brazilian blogs.

The political scene, with municipal elections in October, is another challenge. “Despite the fact that important figures of the PT have declared that it is a crucial moment for Brazilian democracy and that it has to join forces with other forces to stop the growth of the right, (the party) has great difficulty in stepping back and resigning to hegemony or broad prominence in the name of a more electorally viable candidacy ”, explains this political scientist from the Rio de Janeiro State University. Because of corruption, a part of Brazil hates with all its soul the party, Lula and even the red that symbolizes them.

On Friday in a hotel in Belo Horizonte, the worker who made history by presiding over Brazil met with the leaders of the PT in Minas Gerais. His message was clear: at the municipal level, all possible candidates must be presented. He insisted that “we need the claw of the beginning, the claw of the eighties” in the face of the “criminalization of the PT”, explains Andrea Cangussu, 37 years old, secretary petista of a woman in Minas. He tells it in Betim, after Leonardo Boff, 82, father of Liberation Theology, and those affected by the dams have finished their interventions. A live band and the snack distribution liven up the wait for Lula.

He “is returning to his role as a political coordinator with the local PT groups. It works in a dialectical process with the party. Listen, speak, argue … He does not impose, but his opinion counts a lot, he is a voice with political experience that carries a lot of weight, “says his spokesman.

Sentenced to 25 years for corruption, he has several pending cases. “There are many legal ramifications, so Lula can go back to prison or his trials can be annulled,” says the political scientist. That is why he considers that the largest party in Brazil – and the largest parliamentary group – makes a fairly risky bet by insisting on the name of Lula. He adds that if the idea was to bet on a new leader, it should already be being built. But there is no hint. Lula’s figure outshines his party and the Brazilian left. Oliver Stuenkel, from the Getulio Vargas Foundation, agrees: “Every day that passes is a lost day to build new leadership.”

He was awarded in Spain this Friday, 43rd anniversary of the Atocha massacre, by the foundation that remembers the murdered lawyers. Award that thanks in a video. Meanwhile, one of the confessed murderers, the ultra Carlos Garcia Juliá, awaits his impending extradition from Brazil. Lula would like the first trip abroad in this new stage to go to France to collect the title of Honorary Citizen of Paris awarded by Socialist Mayor Anne Hidalgo while in prison.

Once she accepted resignedly that she would not see their leader in Betim, the pedagogue Ramos Menezes said: “We have to encourage the people because they are going to be frustrated.” He trusts that the municipal campaign will give him a new opportunity to listen live to his admired Lula.


Tomato: The journey of a tiny fruit born in the Andes that conquered the world | Science

Gazpacho is a lifelong Spanish drink and Italians could not imagine their cooking without tomato dressings. However, its arrival in Europe is relatively recent and its use as food is even more so. Hernán Cortés conquered Tenochtitlan in 1521 and it is likely that it was some member of that expedition who introduced the yellow tomatoes that the Aztecs consumed in Spain. The first description of the plant that is known is by Pietro Mattioli, an Italian naturalist, who wrote it in 1544, but the use in the kitchen of his country did not come until a century and a half later. The resemblance of the tomato with other poisonous plants with which it shares a family, such as the mandrake or the belladonna, meant that for a long time it was only used as an ornament. In 2020, it is the second vegetable most important in the world after the potato.

This history of conquering the world tables began many tens of thousands of years ago on the west coast of South America, in that terrain where the high peaks of the Andes are separated by a few kilometers from the Pacific beaches. This week, a team from the University of Massachusetts in Amherst (USA) publishes in the magazine Molecular Biology and Evolution an article in which they reconstruct the evolutionary history of tomato.

For a century and a half, in Italy, tomato was used only as a decorative plant because of its resemblance to poisonous plants

It all started with some small wild fruits (Solanum pimpinellifolium L.) the size of a blueberry, the type of vegetable that human ancestors would have fed hundreds of thousands of years ago. Except that in America, according to the latest data, our species did not reach, at most, 40,000 years. The next step in the long process of domestication was an increase in the size of the fruit, which about 80,000 years ago, in what is now Ecuador, reached the size of a cherry tomato. This variety (S. lycoperiscum L. var. cerasiform), says the lead author of the study, Ana Caicedo, was employed by the inhabitants of the region thousands of years ago, and “they have similar characteristics to those of a domesticated fruit, similar acids and sugars.”

That made think that those responsible for that transformation in ancestral tomatoes had been humans. However, Caicedo and his colleagues, using complete genomic sequences of 166 samples of wild, intermediate and domesticated tomatoes to reconstruct the history of that domestication, place the event at least 400 centuries before the arrival of the first humans to America. When immigrants arrived on the continent they found work done.

Researchers at the University of Massachusetts found some other surprise on the way of wild tomatoes to what is now Mexico, where there are the first tests of domestication of tomatoes that are the basis of current (S. lycopersicum L. var. lycopersicum). “When migrating to the north, tomatoes that were the size of the cherry became smaller, possibly because when changing latitude and environment they had to evolve and acquire other characteristics to survive,” says Caicedo. These little fruits “still grow in the cornfields [lugares de cultivo] from Mexico, where people eat them even if they don’t grow them on purpose, ”explains Hamid Razifard, another of the authors of the work. These little tomatoes were later the base on which the ancient Americans worked to select varieties and create the tomatoes that would eventually reach Europe and conquer the world.

The first humans who arrived in America already found cherry-sized tomatoes that we know today

In addition to knowing the evolutionary history of such an important plant, the research of the team led by Caicedo can be useful to improve current tomato crops. The genetic study has allowed to identify variants that improve resistance to certain diseases or drought and that knowledge can be used to create tomatoes with these virtues. In other intermediate populations of the plant, which varied to adapt to a large number of environments between the Andean region, Central America and Mexico, populations that produce a greater amount of sugar or beta carotene have been identified, two interesting characteristics because they make them Tomatoes taste better or have a more attractive color.

Throughout the world there are efforts to make tomatoes again a tasty fruit as it was not so long ago. The selection of producers, who preferred to grow larger tomatoes or with a brighter skin, neglected their flavor and now there are projects to recover it. In 2017, a team in which I participated Antonio Granell, a researcher at the Institute of Molecular and Cellular Biology of Plants, in Valencia, sequenced the complete genome of 398 tomato varieties, including modern, traditional or wild such as those that appeared in South America tens of thousands of years ago. Then, the genetic basis of the production of 13 chemical compounds associated with flavor that abound in ancestral varieties and are scarce in those found in the supermarket were identified. After such a long journey, from smallness in its cradle along the Pacific to global success, science wants to help the tomato recover some of its essence.