In Boyacá: Murder of five members of a family in Tunja – Other Cities – Colombia


The finding of five members of the same family Lifeless inside a house in the El Consuelo neighborhood, in Tunja, has the inhabitants of the sector dismayed.

The incident was recorded this Sunday, when a person alerted the authorities about an alleged crime inside the house.

Upon arriving at the house, authorities found the lifeless bodies of Nelson Fernando Núñez, 40; his wife, 39; his mother, 61, and his two children, ages 9 and 6.

According to Colonel María Emma Caro, commander of the Tunja Metropolitan Police, there were no signs of violence on the bodies of the victims or
there were signs of damage to the doors of the house, which would indicate that it was not an outside aggressor.

(You may be interested in: Quintero says that the mayor of ‘Fico’ hid information from EPM)

“After knowing the situation, foreign violence was ruled out because there were no traces of aggression and the surveillance work did not notice the arrival of strangers,” explained the colonel.

Commander Caro specified that the man was found partially suspended in the living room on the first floor of the house and the rest of the people were with blankets and sheets on their faces.

Legal medicine carries out the necessary expert work to determine the cause of death of these five people, since there are no signs of violence.

(Read also: Municipality says it did not hire the firm of those involved in the massacre)

“They tell us that it could have been him, in the sense that the bodies were found, but we do not know if they supplied anything, there are no signs of violence,” said the colonel. Nelson Fernando was an electronic engineer and a mathematics teacher.

Two experts traveled from Bogotá to continue the investigation and determine the causes of the deaths.

NATION

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Coronavirus: Vitamin D deficiency would increase the risk of contagion – Health


Are vitamin D levels associated with the results of tests for the covid-19? That was the question that started the study of two doctors who are part of the Department of Medicine at the University of Chicago (USA).

To answer the question, the researchers worked with the data of 489 patients who underwent the test from March 3 to April 10, 2020.

The goal was to have their vitamin D status tested one year before each of them had been tested and to confirm if they were more likely to test positive if they had vitamin D deficient levels.

(Can read: Vitamin D, a necessary ally in days of confinement)

Research titled ‘Association of Vitamin D Status and Other Clinical Features with COVID-19 Test Results’ found that “Of 172 patients whose most recent vitamin D level was deficient, 32 tested positive for COVID-19 compared to 39 participants whose last vitamin D level was not deficient.”

The study ensures that the relative risk of testing positive for COVID-19 was 1.77 times higher for patients with probable vitamin D deficient status compared to patients with probable sufficient vitamin D status. “A difference that it was statistically significant “they point out.

The text, published in the magazine JAMA Network Open, explains that vitamin D strengthens innate immunity, thus “It could be expected that the infection and transmission of the disease caused by the coronavirus will decrease.”

This claim is made after stating that “vitamin D modulates immune function through effects on dendritic cells and T cells that can promote viral shedding and reduce inflammatory responses that produce symptoms.”

(Also: The bullying pandemic that has unleashed the coronavirus)

These findings could make people think that taking supplements of this vitamin could be a way to prevent covid-19. However, other studies have clarified that this is not the case.

For example, an international study published in May in the BMJ, Nutrition, Prevention and Health confirmed that there is not enough scientific evidence to show that this vitamin may be beneficial in preventing or treating coronavirus.

Even the scientists who conducted that study believe that There is currently no firm link between vitamin D intake and resistance to respiratory tract infections.

This guide advises taking a vitamin D supplement of ten micrograms daily in the winter months, from October to March, and throughout the year if outdoor exposure is limited.

(In context: Vitamin D supplements do not help prevent covid-19)

Despite this, the study by members of the University of Chicago insists that “randomized clinical trials of interventions are needed to reduce vitamin D deficiency and to determine if those interventions could reduce the risk of contracting COVID-19.”

ELTIEMPO.COM

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“I went up behind and touched my bra.” Details of the story about a Perm teacher who was given 9 years for harassing a student

– It is difficult to build forecasts, but I believe in the best. I feel sorry for mom, she is very worried, it has been going on for more than a year, – said “KP» 49-year-old math teacher Valery Syropyatov and, with a sigh, he entered the courtroom.

On Monday in the Ordzhonikidze court Perm the teacher was sentenced under the article “Violent acts of a sexual nature”. The sentence is 9 years and 6 months in a maximum security colony.

“The girl begged the three”

This ugly story happened in March last year in a Perm school. According to the teacher, she looked like this:

– In the seventh grade, where the girl studied, I taught mathematics for the first year. In the first quarter, she deceived me, I believed and put the “troika”. But there must be an educational moment. I told her that now she will hand over all the work in the sequence in which they are studied. And until we get to the control for the third quarter, the final mark at her will not be!

On that day, March 27, several students came to the mathematician to take the “tails”.

“Everyone sat at their desks and did the work, and once again she decided to slip away,” the teacher continues. – I began to ask myself, said that her stomach ached, her head … I insisted: “Decide the control, get your” threefold “and you can step on all four sides. If it’s inconvenient for you to study in the classroom – the children are noisy – let’s go to another office. ” We left, she stood at the table and again began to whine. I sit at the table and tell her: “Go, decide!” The man does not leave, I waved. I am sitting, she is standing – where will i get? Here in the belt on the side with the back of the hand and hit. It turned out cotton. I admitted this, and was removed by the director from teaching in this class. I apologized and believed that the incident had been exhausted.

Soon, the information got into law enforcement. First, criminal proceedings were instituted for Art. Art. 135 of the Criminal Code RF “Depraved actions”, and after six months the investigations were re-qualified as more serious, Art. 132 “Violent acts of a sexual nature.”

At each meeting, teachers supported

To the court – at each hearing in the Valery case Syropyatova – a support group gathered: former graduates, colleagues, parents of students … 17 of them acted as witnesses from the defense. They all said that they could not believe the guilt of their beloved teacher. He does not smoke, does sports, organizes excursions around the Perm Territory and cities for children Of Russiaorganizes competitions in rogain, tourist trips, alloys, fees …

Despite all the kind words spoken to the defendant, the state prosecution requested 13 years of imprisonment for him.

Valery Syropyatov on the day the sentence was announced, we met near the courthouse. He was light, without things. As the teacher himself explained, he believed that the court would figure it out and justify it.

“I’ve already checked in, now I’ll take a little walk, breathe in fresh air, mentally tune in and go,” he explained before entering the courtroom.

Despite the fact that the process was closed, the journalists and the support group were allowed to announce the verdict.

It was impossible to understand what the teacher experienced at that moment when the judge said “nine and a half years in a maximum security colony”, the teacher’s face was hidden under a mask. And the former graduates and colleagues who were present at the announcement somehow immediately went down. Someone could not hold back tears.

– Do you understand the verdict and the procedure for appealing against it?

“Yes, your honor,” the convict answered calmly.

At that moment, three escorts entered the courtroom. Knowing the rules of staying in places of deprivation of liberty — the teacher spent three days in a pre-trial detention center while the investigation was under way — the teacher began to unfasten his belt in order to remove it, took money from his pockets, a cell phone and gave it to a relative. The guards locked handcuffs on his hands, and asked all those present to leave the courtroom.

It was impossible to understand what the teacher experienced at that moment when the judge said “nine and a half years in a maximum security colony”, the teacher’s face was hidden under a mask.Photo: Vasily Vakhrin

I closed and he pushed my hands away

– The criminal case was considered in closed court, so we can’t explain the details, you heard the verdict, the evidence that the prosecution presented to the court was enough to plead guilty to a particularly serious crime against the sexual integrity of a minor, therefore the sentence so big – said assistant to the prosecutor of the Ordzhonikidze district of Perm, Dmitry Shishkin. – And that slap, and the version that the defendant himself told everyone about, including in the media, is a way of protection.

As it became known to “Komsomolskaya Pravda” from a source familiar with the materials of the criminal case, one of the evidence presented in court was the correspondence of the seventh grader with his girlfriend in social networks. Late in the evening on the day of math retaking, the schoolgirl wrote to her close friend that she was at school, and the teacher took her to a separate office, put her at her desk, walked up behind and began to touch her bra.

“I sat at the table, he was at the back and was pawing me,” she wrote. – I tried to close my hands, and he pushed his hands and touched me by the chest.

Experts examined the girl for bruises and the only thing found on her body was a small scratch on her finger.

The accusation was also based on the words of the girl, her mother and friend. Investigators also found a video from school surveillance cameras, which shows how one of the schoolgirls told Valery Nikolaevich that she had passed the debt, and he leaned over and began to say in her ear that she was good. This was interpreted later as a kiss.

During the investigation, a forensic medical examination was carried out, the biological traces of the teacher on the things of the victim were not found. The teacher was also tested for a tendency to pedophilia, but the result was negative.

READ ALSO:

“Sex scandal” in Perm: a math teacher shines 13 years for a slap on the priest of the seventh grader

In an interview with Komsomolka, the teacher told his version of events [видео] (More …)

In Perm, 17 graduates spoke at the trial in defense of a mathematics teacher who faces 13 years for a slap on the priest of a seventh grader

Among them were police officers and lawyers [видео] (More …)

“Having heard the verdict, he took off his belt.” In Perm, the teacher received 9 and a half years for a slap on the student’s priest

Valery Syropyatov was handcuffed in the courtroom (More …)

.

“I went up behind and touched my bra.” Details of the story about a Perm teacher who was given 9 years for harassing a student

– It is difficult to build forecasts, but I believe in the best. I feel sorry for mom, she is very worried, it has been going on for more than a year, – said “KP» 49-year-old math teacher Valery Syropyatov and, with a sigh, he entered the courtroom.

On Monday in the Ordzhonikidze court Perm the teacher was sentenced under the article “Violent acts of a sexual nature”. The sentence is 9 years and 6 months in a maximum security colony.

“The girl begged the three”

This ugly story happened in March last year in a Perm school. According to the teacher, she looked like this:

– In the seventh grade, where the girl studied, I taught mathematics for the first year. In the first quarter, she deceived me, I believed and put the “troika”. But there must be an educational moment. I told her that now she will hand over all the work in the sequence in which they are studied. And until we get to the control for the third quarter, the final mark at her will not be!

On that day, March 27, several students came to the mathematician to take the “tails”.

“Everyone sat at their desks and did the work, and once again she decided to slip away,” the teacher continues. – I began to ask myself, said that her stomach ached, her head … I insisted: “Decide the control, get your” threefold “and you can step on all four sides. If it’s inconvenient for you to study in the classroom – the children are noisy – let’s go to another office. ” We left, she stood at the table and again began to whine. I sit at the table and tell her: “Go, decide!” The man does not leave, I waved. I am sitting, she is standing – where will i get? Here in the belt on the side with the back of the hand and hit. It turned out cotton. I admitted this, and was removed by the director from teaching in this class. I apologized and believed that the incident had been exhausted.

Soon, the information got into law enforcement. First, criminal proceedings were instituted for Art. Art. 135 of the Criminal Code RF “Depraved actions”, and after six months the investigations were re-qualified as more serious, Art. 132 “Violent acts of a sexual nature.”

At each meeting, teachers supported

To the court – at each hearing in the Valery case Syropyatova – a support group gathered: former graduates, colleagues, parents of students … 17 of them acted as witnesses from the defense. They all said that they could not believe the guilt of their beloved teacher. He does not smoke, does sports, organizes excursions around the Perm Territory and cities for children Of Russiaorganizes competitions in rogain, tourist trips, alloys, fees …

Despite all the kind words spoken to the defendant, the state prosecution requested 13 years of imprisonment for him.

Valery Syropyatov on the day the sentence was announced, we met near the courthouse. He was light, without things. As the teacher himself explained, he believed that the court would figure it out and justify it.

“I’ve already checked in, now I’ll take a little walk, breathe in fresh air, mentally tune in and go,” he explained before entering the courtroom.

Despite the fact that the process was closed, the journalists and the support group were allowed to announce the verdict.

It was impossible to understand what the teacher experienced at that moment when the judge said “nine and a half years in a maximum security colony”, the teacher’s face was hidden under a mask. And the former graduates and colleagues who were present at the announcement somehow immediately went down. Someone could not hold back tears.

– Do you understand the verdict and the procedure for appealing against it?

“Yes, your honor,” the convict answered calmly.

At that moment, three escorts entered the courtroom. Knowing the rules of staying in places of deprivation of liberty — the teacher spent three days in a pre-trial detention center while the investigation was under way — the teacher began to unfasten his belt in order to remove it, took money from his pockets, a cell phone and gave it to a relative. The guards locked handcuffs on his hands, and asked all those present to leave the courtroom.

It was impossible to understand what the teacher experienced at that moment when the judge said “nine and a half years in a maximum security colony”, the teacher’s face was hidden under a mask.Photo: Vasily Vakhrin

I closed and he pushed my hands away

– The criminal case was considered in closed court, so we can’t explain the details, you heard the verdict, the evidence that the prosecution presented to the court was enough to plead guilty to a particularly serious crime against the sexual integrity of a minor, therefore the sentence so big – said assistant to the prosecutor of the Ordzhonikidze district of Perm, Dmitry Shishkin. – And that slap, and the version that the defendant himself told everyone about, including in the media, is a way of protection.

As it became known to “Komsomolskaya Pravda” from a source familiar with the materials of the criminal case, one of the evidence presented in court was the correspondence of the seventh grader with his girlfriend in social networks. Late in the evening on the day of math retaking, the schoolgirl wrote to her close friend that she was at school, and the teacher took her to a separate office, put her at her desk, walked up behind and began to touch her bra.

“I sat at the table, he was at the back and was pawing me,” she wrote. – I tried to close my hands, and he pushed his hands and touched me by the chest.

Experts examined the girl for bruises and the only thing found on her body was a small scratch on her finger.

The accusation was also based on the words of the girl, her mother and friend. Investigators also found a video from school surveillance cameras, which shows how one of the schoolgirls told Valery Nikolaevich that she had passed the debt, and he leaned over and began to say in her ear that she was good. This was interpreted later as a kiss.

During the investigation, a forensic medical examination was carried out, the biological traces of the teacher on the things of the victim were not found. The teacher was also tested for a tendency to pedophilia, but the result was negative.

READ ALSO:

“Sex scandal” in Perm: a math teacher shines 13 years for a slap on the priest of the seventh grader

In an interview with Komsomolka, the teacher told his version of events [видео] (More …)

In Perm, 17 graduates spoke at the trial in defense of a mathematics teacher who faces 13 years for a slap on the priest of a seventh grader

Among them were police officers and lawyers [видео] (More …)

“Having heard the verdict, he took off his belt.” In Perm, the teacher received 9 and a half years for a slap on the student’s priest

Valery Syropyatov was handcuffed in the courtroom (More …)

.

“I went up behind and touched my bra.” Details of the story about a Perm teacher who was given 9 years for harassing a student

– It is difficult to build forecasts, but I believe in the best. I feel sorry for mom, she is very worried, it has been going on for more than a year, – said “KP» 49-year-old math teacher Valery Syropyatov and, with a sigh, he entered the courtroom.

On Monday in the Ordzhonikidze court Perm the teacher was sentenced under the article “Violent acts of a sexual nature”. The sentence is 9 years and 6 months in a maximum security colony.

“The girl begged the three”

This ugly story happened in March last year in a Perm school. According to the teacher, she looked like this:

– In the seventh grade, where the girl studied, I taught mathematics for the first year. In the first quarter, she deceived me, I believed and put the “troika”. But there must be an educational moment. I told her that now she will hand over all the work in the sequence in which they are studied. And until we get to the control for the third quarter, the final mark at her will not be!

On that day, March 27, several students came to the mathematician to take the “tails”.

“Everyone sat at their desks and did the work, and once again she decided to slip away,” the teacher continues. – I began to ask myself, said that her stomach ached, her head … I insisted: “Decide the control, get your” threefold “and you can step on all four sides. If it’s inconvenient for you to study in the classroom – the children are noisy – let’s go to another office. ” We left, she stood at the table and again began to whine. I sit at the table and tell her: “Go, decide!” The man does not leave, I waved. I am sitting, she is standing – where will i get? Here in the belt on the side with the back of the hand and hit. It turned out cotton. I admitted this, and was removed by the director from teaching in this class. I apologized and believed that the incident had been exhausted.

Soon, the information got into law enforcement. First, criminal proceedings were instituted for Art. Art. 135 of the Criminal Code RF “Depraved actions”, and after six months the investigations were re-qualified as more serious, Art. 132 “Violent acts of a sexual nature.”

At each meeting, teachers supported

To the court – at each hearing in the Valery case Syropyatova – a support group gathered: former graduates, colleagues, parents of students … 17 of them acted as witnesses from the defense. They all said that they could not believe the guilt of their beloved teacher. He does not smoke, does sports, organizes excursions around the Perm Territory and cities for children Of Russiaorganizes competitions in rogain, tourist trips, alloys, fees …

Despite all the kind words spoken to the defendant, the state prosecution requested 13 years of imprisonment for him.

Valery Syropyatov on the day the sentence was announced, we met near the courthouse. He was light, without things. As the teacher himself explained, he believed that the court would figure it out and justify it.

“I’ve already checked in, now I’ll take a little walk, breathe in fresh air, mentally tune in and go,” he explained before entering the courtroom.

Despite the fact that the process was closed, the journalists and the support group were allowed to announce the verdict.

It was impossible to understand what the teacher experienced at that moment when the judge said “nine and a half years in a maximum security colony”, the teacher’s face was hidden under a mask. And the former graduates and colleagues who were present at the announcement somehow immediately went down. Someone could not hold back tears.

– Do you understand the verdict and the procedure for appealing against it?

“Yes, your honor,” the convict answered calmly.

At that moment, three escorts entered the courtroom. Knowing the rules of staying in places of deprivation of liberty — the teacher spent three days in a pre-trial detention center while the investigation was under way — the teacher began to unfasten his belt in order to remove it, took money from his pockets, a cell phone and gave it to a relative. The guards locked handcuffs on his hands, and asked all those present to leave the courtroom.

It was impossible to understand what the teacher experienced at that moment when the judge said “nine and a half years in a maximum security colony”, the teacher’s face was hidden under a mask.Photo: Vasily Vakhrin

I closed and he pushed my hands away

– The criminal case was considered in closed court, so we can’t explain the details, you heard the verdict, the evidence that the prosecution presented to the court was enough to plead guilty to a particularly serious crime against the sexual integrity of a minor, therefore the sentence so big – said assistant to the prosecutor of the Ordzhonikidze district of Perm, Dmitry Shishkin. – And that slap, and the version that the defendant himself told everyone about, including in the media, is a way of protection.

As it became known to “Komsomolskaya Pravda” from a source familiar with the materials of the criminal case, one of the evidence presented in court was the correspondence of the seventh grader with his girlfriend in social networks. Late in the evening on the day of math retaking, the schoolgirl wrote to her close friend that she was at school, and the teacher took her to a separate office, put her at her desk, walked up behind and began to touch her bra.

“I sat at the table, he was at the back and was pawing me,” she wrote. – I tried to close my hands, and he pushed his hands and touched me by the chest.

Experts examined the girl for bruises and the only thing found on her body was a small scratch on her finger.

The accusation was also based on the words of the girl, her mother and friend. Investigators also found a video from school surveillance cameras, which shows how one of the schoolgirls told Valery Nikolaevich that she had passed the debt, and he leaned over and began to say in her ear that she was good. This was interpreted later as a kiss.

During the investigation, a forensic medical examination was carried out, the biological traces of the teacher on the things of the victim were not found. The teacher was also tested for a tendency to pedophilia, but the result was negative.

READ ALSO:

“Sex scandal” in Perm: a math teacher shines 13 years for a slap on the priest of the seventh grader

In an interview with Komsomolka, the teacher told his version of events [видео] (More …)

In Perm, 17 graduates spoke at the trial in defense of a mathematics teacher who faces 13 years for a slap on the priest of a seventh grader

Among them were police officers and lawyers [видео] (More …)

“Having heard the verdict, he took off his belt.” In Perm, the teacher received 9 and a half years for a slap on the student’s priest

Valery Syropyatov was handcuffed in the courtroom (More …)

.

In Washington state declared a compulsory wearing of masks :: Company :: RBC

Friday, June 26, all residents of Washington state will be required to use protective masks while in public areas. The corresponding mode was introduced by the Governor of the state Jay Margie reiger, according to the website of the Governor.

“As the resumption of economic activity and increase the number of people in public places it is imperative that we take additional steps to protect,” explained Margie reiger.

According to the Governor, the use of masks will be “one of the best ways to” protect against the spread of the epidemic of the coronavirus before the invention of vaccines or drugs against the disease.

Masks will be mandatory as indoors and outdoors.

Pandemic coronavirus. The most current at 24 June

According to current data of the Johns Hopkins University, in the USA the coronavirus has infected more than of 2.34 million people, including more than 647 thousand recovered, 121,2 thousand died. In Washington state, the disease was confirmed at 30 thousand people.

The spread of the coronavirus Covid-19 in the world

The number of confirmed cases of infection

Source: JHU

Data for the world i

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Nadezhda Babkina sang Victory Day, despite voice problems after illness

Hope Babkina only recently discharged from the hospital after a serious illness. The 70-year-old singer was hospitalized with severe pneumonia. And although the tests did not show in her coronavirus, friends of the artist are sure that she became a victim of a pandemic. Nadezhda Georgievna spent several days in a coma, on a ventilator, with a pipe in her throat. After such a procedure, the voice is restored far from immediately – it would seem that there is no time for singing. But Babkina did not break the long tradition and on May 9 sang the song “Victory Day” for fans. She shared the video on Instagram.

– Happy Victory Day, friends! – congratulated the artist subscribers.

The singer’s voice after illness has not yet gained full strength, but her colleagues at the Russian Song Theater came to her aid. Together they sang the famous hit in honor of the Great Victory. In the general sonorous chorus, Nadezhda Georgievna’s voice sounding with a slight hoarse sound is easily guessed.

The artist filmed the video in her house near Moscow, where she wakes up after discharge from the hospital.

“About 80% of the lungs were affected … Everything covered with film and dragged on there: it’s such an infection, it manifests itself very quickly and starts to work,” Babkina told of her illness.

Before discharge, computed tomography showed that Nadezhda Georgievna still affected 40% of the lungs. During rehabilitation, doctors prescribed her a special course of treatment (pills and injections) and breathing exercises. Babkin goes to the nearby Lapino hospital for procedures. By the way, another star patient who underwent coronavirus, Stas, was also treated in it. Mikhailov.

According to doctors, it can take a long time to restore the voice after such a disease: after a coronavirus and mechanical ventilation, it may not be able to listen to the patient for a long time, it sounds dull and hoarse.

– This is due to a change in the mucous membrane of the respiratory tract and cough. A prolonged cough has always been considered one of the risk factors for the formation of voice disturbance, ”saidKP»Phonator Ekaterina Osipenko. – How big the risk is depends on the severity of the patient’s condition, his presence on the ventilator. Patients who underwent tracheotomy – an operation to install a tracheotomy tube for long-term mechanical ventilation, also have a risk of voice changes in the future.

Happy Victory Day, friends! @rpfolk # Nadezhdababkina #Russian song #HymnWinning

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UAE announces discovery of an innovative treatment for Corona … and confirms: the results are promising

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Friday, the UAE Ministry of Economy granted a patent for an innovative and promising stem cell therapy for infections of the emerging coronavirus (COFED-19).

According to the Emirates News Agency, this treatment was developed by a team of doctors and researchers at the Abu Dhabi Stem Cell Center, which includes extracting stem cells from the patient’s blood and re-entering them after activation. Patent granted for the innovative way in which stem cells are collected.

And the treatment was tried in the country on 73 cases, which recovered, and the result of the examination appeared negative after the introduction of the treatment to the lungs by inhalation by a fine spray.

Its therapeutic effect is assumed to be by regenerating the lung cells and modifying their immune response to prevent them from overreacting to the Covid-19 infection and causing more healthy cells to be damaged.

The treatment underwent and successfully passed the first stage of the clinical trials, which indicates its safety. None of the patients who received treatment reported any immediate side effects and no interactions were found with conventional treatment protocols for patients / Covid-19 /.

Trials continue to demonstrate the effectiveness of the treatment and are expected to be completed within two weeks.

It should be noted that the treatment was provided to patients in conjunction with traditional medical intervention and will continue to be applied as an aid to the treatment protocols in place and not as a substitute for them.

This treatment, in addition to the medical measures taken, reflects the concerted efforts and commitment of the UAE government to end the epidemic of Covid-19. Non-drug interventions to prevent the spread of the virus, such as staying at home, social spacing, and infection prevention and control measures, remain essential to tackle the disease and its impact on the health care system.

/ ADSCC / is a dedicated healthcare center focused on cell therapy, innovative drugs and advanced stem cell research.

  • The situation in Egypt

  • Injuries

    5,895

  • Recover

    1,460

  • Mortality

    406

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The Governor of Moscow Region introduced a “mask” regime in the region :: Society :: RBC

The authorities of the Moscow Region “strictly recommended” to residents from May 1 to May 11 wearing masks or other respiratory protective equipment in public places. From May 12, the “mask” regime in public places will be mandatory

Photo: Alexander Scherbak / TASS

The head of the Moscow region, Andrei Vorobyov, signed a decree according to which the regime is introduced in the region to wear masks that protect the respiratory system while in public places. The document is published on the portal of the government of the Moscow region.

From May 1 to May 11, authorities strongly recommend the use of masks. “To recommend the use of personal protective equipment for respiratory organs (masks, respirators) when in public places (at all retail facilities, pharmacies, public transport, including taxis, at all enterprises continuing their work, medical organizations),” the statement says decree.

However, from May 12, the presence of a medical mask or respirator when staying in public places becomes mandatory.

Coronavirus

Russia Moscow Peace

0 (per day)

Recovered

0

0 (per day)

Infected

0

0 (per day)

Died

0 (per day)

Recovered

0

0 (per day)

Infected

0

0 (per day)

Died

0 (per day)

Recovered

0

0 (per day)

Infected

0

0 (per day)

Died

Source: JHU,
federal and regional
anti-virus operations

Source: JHU, federal and regional anti-virus operations

The governor also obliged regional departments to develop a procedure for preferential provision of masks for certain categories of citizens. In addition, the FAS oblast administration should monitor the presence of masks in retail trade and the change in prices for them. The presence of masks on sale should also be monitored locally by the municipal authorities. Pharmacies must provide a supply of masks and other respiratory protective equipment, as well as “daily provide local authorities of municipalities of the Moscow Region with information about the presence of masks and other respiratory protective equipment.”

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Incredible Viking-era utensils found on the ice showcasing high technology

Updated:

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The thaw caused by climate change has brought back pieces of the past that seemed destined to be kept until the end of days. Or in this case up to Ragnarök. Fragments of history necessary to understand a little more about the Viking peoples and their technological level.

In an article published in Antiquity, a group of archaeologists who have come across this Norwegian mountain pass with perfectly conservative Viking tools, weapons and utensils, has related what the discovery of such peculiar pieces entails on a scientific level. While researchers had been aware of the site’s potential for years, it was a large-scale meltdown in 2019 of most of the ice in this region that provided options for analyzing Viking footprints.

Photographs: Glacier Archeology Program and J. Wildhagen)
Photographs: Glacier Archeology Program and J. Wildhagen)

The mountain pass, located in Lendbreen, in the central mountainous region of Norway, caught the attention of local archaeologists in 2011, after it was discovered a woolen robe dating from the 3rd or 4th century AD. C. Since then, remains of utensils and human footprints dating from a thousand years before the birth of Christ have not stopped appearing until the 14th century, when the route stopped being used due to the consequences of the Black Death.

Most pieces are from the viking era. The region became a key location for trade and transportation of agricultural products during the Vikings’ heyday. Utensils that were frozen 1,000 years ago, including textiles and arrows, which has allowed them to be kept in an ideal state.

Some are simply stone mounds to guide travelers through the fog, other products that local farmers transported, such as dairy and fodder, while others are delicate wooden items, such as a small turned wood bit for a lamb or a goat and a spinning wheel carved to spin wool. Several tools found value the high technological level of this town, such as skis the Bronze Age or a snowshoe for horses.

[Consultar aquí el artículo científico con el descubrimiento]

Painting of a Viking attack on a French badia.
Painting of a Viking attack on a French badia.

What were weapons like in the Viking era?

Every free man must be properly armed. A genuine Viking was expected to have good weapons and to attend the annual inspection without fail, which was already stipulated in 11th-century Scandinavian legal texts.

But what did it mean to be well armed? In the illustrated book “Vikings at war” (Desperta Ferro Ediciones), Nordic culture doctor Kim Hjardar and archaeological conservative Vegard Vike explain that the first weapon a free man could acquire was an ax, the weapon of the working class and free men who lacked land. The ax, who used to receive feminine gender names referring to the primitive and wild nature, was as much a tool for making utensils or deforesting farmland as an “implacable bull”, chopper and shield breaker in combat. Depending on the ax head, it could be narrow-bladed, broad-bladed, or bearded.

The knife It was also both an everyday tool and a weapon for cutting heads and drawing blood during battle. It was a symbol of the liberation of the slave with respect to his master or the minor who was distancing himself from his father’s guardianship… The long knife called sax (“split in two”) was the one commonly used in combat and depending on the geographical area reached warlike dimensions. In the Saxon area, knives evolved into a curved-back, straight-edged weapon, while Scandinavian straight-backed knives simply became swords.

The sword it was the weapon of the veteran and honorable warrior, and for its cost it was reserved for the landed nobility. It was used in duels for honor and it was common to name them for their resistance capacity with adjectives such as “sharp”, “brilliant” or “flaming”. However the “Vikings at war” (Desperta Ferro Ediciones) remember that in combat they played a secondary role waiting for long weapons like spears to finish their work. Until the battle phase became chaotic and the large formations dispersed, it was not the turn of the sword, which left a free hand to carry the shield. Double-edged swords were as common as single-edged swords, very common in the early Viking Age. They were normally between 90-95 centimeters long, of which the blade was about 70-90 centimeters and the handle 12-18. Its weight was around a kilo.

Viking spear was the great protagonist of land and naval combat. It was both a defensive and an offensive weapon, as it was in fact possible to launch it at a distance. Their low price allowed to equip a very high number of soldiers with them and, as the 13th century book “Kongespeilet” warned, you should never drop the “spear in formation unless you have two, because one spear is better than two swords to fight on the battlefield ». The throwing ones had a tip only 20 centimeters long, but the most robust lunge spears could carry moharras over 70 centimeters long, almost the equivalent of a sword blade.

The other favorite weapon of the Vikings at long range was, how could it be otherwise, the bow and arrows. Unlike other civilizations, the Vikings saw no disgraceful or effeminate use of projectile weapons such as the bow, even carried by some warlords. It is calculated that each warrior carried between 24 and 30 arrows, plus those that could snatch the dead. The authors of “Vikings at war” (Desperta Ferro Ediciones) point out that a group of archers could launch a dense bolt discharge on the enemy from a distance of more than one hundred meters. There is no archaeological evidence of crossbow use in Scandinavia in Viking times.

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