Citizen’s Climate Convention, what to remember from Emmanuel Macron’s speech

The meeting had been planned for a long time, but it was very timely, in the aftermath of the environmental tidal wave in the municipal elections. Monday, June 29, Emmanuel Macron received the members of the Citizen’s Climate Convention at the Élysée Palace, to provide answers to their 149 proposals. This group of citizens drawn by lot, has thought about ways to lower” at least 40% of greenhouse gas emissions by 2030 “ in “A spirit of social justice”.

→ INFOGRAPHY. All the proposals of the Citizen’s Climate Convention

The Head of State retained all proposals except three. He promised to transmit them to the government and to Parliament, or to submit them to a referendum. Some will be decided at the end of July, others integrated into the recovery plan but most will be the subject of a “Specific bill” multi-measures in September.

♦ Emmanuel Macron also announced the release of 15 billion euros additional for ecological transformation over two years. He undertook to set up a “Ecological transformation fund for our economy in the recovery plan” for especially “Invest in clean transport, renovate our buildings” and “Invent the industries of tomorrow”.

♦ It also approved the principle ofa moratorium on new commercial areas on the outskirts of cities as well as aid measures for the renovation of buildings. “To stop concreteisation is a project to make our country more human, basically more beautiful” and to find downtown businesses and end housing sprawl, he insisted. “It is a model from which our fellow citizens want to get out”.

♦ Emmanuel Macron said to himself ” ready “ to submit to referendums from 2021 certain proposals, on the one hand to modify the constitution, on the other hand for specific measures. “The rewriting of article 1 of our Constitution (…) to introduce the notions of biodiversity, environment, fight against global warming (…), I am in favor of this proposal”, he said, saying he was also open to a referendum “On one or more pieces of law”, incorporating other proposals from the Convention. “Symbols count: the Social Republic, the Republic of the territories are now enshrined in our Constitution. It is legitimate to think about registering ecology in turn ”.

Therefore, he is in favor of initiating a debate in the National Assembly and the Senate with a view to a constitutional reform which he wishes “See it happen by 2021”. “I am ready to resort to the referendum if it was then constitutionally possible after the vote of the Chambers”, he insisted.

→ READ ALSO. The Citizens Climate Convention wants to rehabilitate the referendum

♦ On the other hand, the head of state said disagree with a 4% dividend tax. He does not want to tax all investments because companies need to attract capital to change models, he argued, rather favoring a more incentive tax towards what must be greener. He also intends to reflect on a profound transformation of the tax system for a fair carbon tax but by reforming the other taxes: a project for the next few years. In the meantime, he proposes to chart a path for a European carbon tax in the coming months and to support households with financial aid.

♦ He also decided to “Postpone the debate” on the limitation to 110 km / h on motorways, proposed by the Citizen’s Climate Convention. “The ecological transition must not be to the detriment of the municipalities, the most isolated regions”, pleaded the Head of State, also explaining wanting to prevent the work of the convention from “Get involved in a controversy”. “Believe me, I am making this proposal as a specialist”, he launched with a smile, alluding to the very controversial measure of the limitation to 80 km / h on secondary roads. “I presented a lot of very ambitious big plans, with a lot of great things that were sometimes summed up in a bar or a little sentence. And it would be deeply unfair if all your work came down to this proposition ”.

♦ Emmanuel Macron also did not take up the Convention’s proposal to rewrite the preamble to the Constitution placing the environment above other fundamental values ​​of the Republic. “As proposed, the drafting threatens to place environmental protection above public freedoms, even above our democratic rules”, he commented.

♦ Regarding the moratorium on the EU-Canada trade agreement (Ceta), he stated : “I answer you, let’s continue to assess”.

→ ANALYSIS. What Ceta has already changed for France

♦ Before concluding, the president undertook to set up citizen conventions sure “Other subjects” that the climate, and announced the next transformation of the Economic, Social and Environmental Council (Cese) into “Chamber of citizen conventions”. “You have shown that it is possible on a difficult subject, even a flammable one, to create consensus” he said, adding that a reform of Cese, an assembly made up of social representatives, “Will be presented to the next Council of Ministers, which will make it the Chamber of Citizen Conventions”.


very cheap and long-known drugs help save the lungs with coronavirus

Cloving hospital on the basis of the Medical Scientific and Educational Center (ISSC) Moscow State University named after M.V.Lomonosov took the first patients on April 21 and completed his work on June 13. It turned out that it was possible to achieve the best treatment results for COVID-19 in Moscow. Over the entire period, 4 patients died, and among severe patients who got mechanical ventilation, the mortality rate was less than 14% (for comparison, the average for the city and the world was up to 70 – 80%). Eighteen doctors out of 220 employees of the hospital were infected with coronavirus, there were no deaths among the medical staff.

What approaches were used at the University Hospital of Moscow State University to achieve such results? We continue the conversation with the head. Department of Therapy, Faculty of Fundamental Medicine, Moscow State University, Head of the Department of Age-Associated Diseases, Medical Scientific and Educational Center, Doctor of Medical Sciences, Cardiologist Yana Orlova.


– Most of those who are ill or are afraid to get sick are worried about fibrotic changes in their lungs. They say that you have developed special therapy that can reduce the risk of developing fibrosis. Is it possible?!

– Yes, we launched an appropriate clinical study. There are no final results yet, but we have developed clinical practice.

“What did you do to save the lungs?”

– We used a combination of bromhexine and spironolactone (both are long-known very cheap drugs. – Ed.). Bromhexine is an expectorant that has been prescribed to patients with pneumonia and cough for many years. At the same time, experimental data showed that this drug can block a specific enzyme and impede the penetration of coronavirus into cells. True, it was on this effect that we counted to a lesser extent in inpatients, since such an effect is important mainly in the early stages of the disease. But the expectorant effect of bromhexine really helps patients with COVID. I heard that our colleagues in Peter launched a study of bromhexine for prophylactic purposes. We will wait for the results.

Coronavirus infected 18 doctors from 220 employees of the hospital, there were no deaths among the medical staffPhoto: Ivan MAKEEV


– The second drug – spironolactone – is traditionally widely used in cardiology for the treatment of heart failure, severe hypertension. It has a small diuretic, magnesium and potassium-preserving effect, continues Yana. Orlova. – It has several mechanisms through which it can be useful in coronavirus infection.

Firstly, a mechanism that prevents the development of fibrosis in general in the body. There are works that, in particular, show that spironolactone reduces fibrosis in the heart. At the same time, it is known that the tendency to fibrosis is not local, but systemic – where there is more inflammation, there will certainly be fibrosis. And we see, of course, fibrotic changes in the “covide” in our patients. Therefore, we prescribed spironolactone as a drug for the prevention of this process.

Secondly, this drug blocks sex hormone receptors, in particular testosterone. Some published studies suggest that “high-testosterone” men suffer from “covid” more often and develop more severe fibrotic changes. Therefore, blocking these receptors for several weeks during COVID treatment may be useful in reducing the severity of complications. We are not talking about a longer intake, since male patients are unlikely to agree with a decrease in testosterone levels in the long term.

And perhaps the most important point. In almost all of our patients, we observed hypokalemia (a decrease in potassium levels. – Ed.). With coronavirus infection, potassium is intensely excreted from the body, and scientific articles even suggest that hypokalemia serves as the trigger for a cytokine storm. So spironolactone has a real chance to reduce the risk of this dangerous complication. But the main thing, in my opinion, is that lowering the level of potassium in the body is extremely harmful to the heart and triggers life-threatening rhythm disturbances, increasing the risk of sudden death. We, like all others, replenished potassium with droppers, but it was more effective to retain it in the body with the help of spironolactone.

Men certainly get worse than women;  the elderly are heavier than the young;  overweight people are heavier than patients without excess weight Photo: Ivan MAKEEV

Men certainly get worse than women; the elderly are heavier than the young; overweight people are heavier than overweight patientsPhoto: Ivan MAKEEV


– Yana Arturovna, how many patients did you have on average?

– About 10 – 14 days. But someone and 50 days.

– Have you noticed signs by which it can be assumed that the disease in the person brought is likely to go the hard way?

– Such studies were carried out in the world, our clinical practice confirmed them. Men certainly get worse than women; the elderly are heavier than the young; overweight people are heavier than overweight patients. Men with a classic male type of baldness, a lot of facial hair, we can say brutal men get sick harder.

– Under what conditions did you discharge patients?

– We acted as close as possible to the recommendations Ministry of Health: so that the temperature for three days was not higher than 37.5 degrees; so that C-reactive protein (an indicator of inflammation) is lower than 10 mg / l, and saturation, that is, the level of oxygen in the blood, is higher than 96%.


– How often do you get sick doctors and nurses?

– In the first month no one got sick at all. We have a very powerful epidemiological service. The head of the sanitary-epidemiological department, a senior researcher, correctly organized the whole process, and for the first two weeks she personally worked in the sanitary inspection room at the exit from the “red zone” and helped doctors and nurses who were exhausted after the shift safely remove protective clothing.

Then both people’s fatigue and viral load accumulated. By the middle of the second month, sick people began to appear. There were no seriously ill patients. We treated part of the staff in our observation, part of it was treated at home. In total, 18 people were infected from the medical staff (less than 10%).

– Doctors take something for prevention? Vitamins C, D, Zinc?

– I saw the recommendations of American nutritionists, they speak out positively about taking zinc, melatonin and vitamin C. There were somewhat conflicting data on vitamin D. But we did not give any such recommendations to our employees. We have all the prevention was associated with minimizing contacts and other measures of epidemiological safety.

Physicians are the heroes of our time.“If you think that you are special and that a pandemic will not affect you, you are deeply mistaken,” listen to what the doctors who are fighting with coronavirus say


“They used a cure for gout against COVID”: How patients were treated in a hospital that showed the best results in Moscow

The results of treatment at the university clinic of Moscow State University were the best in the capital. “Komsomolskaya Pravda” learned the details of how doctors and scientists saved severe patients [Часть 1]

Virologist told whether it is possible to disinfect masks from coronavirus in sunlight

And also why the epidemic is gaining strength in southern countries and whether the sun affects the incidence – all this in an interview with George Vikulova (details)


Trump has compared the communication with Russia and the us Democrats :: Policy :: RBC

Doing business with Russia and China and North Korea easier than with representatives of the US Democratic party. This was stated by the President of Donald trump during a speech at a shipyard Fincantieri Marinette Marin in Wisconsin.

Trump said that his friend once asked him, with some of the countries most difficult to deal with, assuming that is Russia. North Korea or China. “I said, “a Nation with which the hardest to deal with is the US Democrats”. With the Democrats in the US is much harder than any of the other”, — said the President.

Trump also called the Democrats “somewhat reckless” and “a little crazy”. He explained that the representatives of the Democratic party prevent the formation of the budget of the country, in particular, find any reasons not to allocate funds for the army and defense.

Trump called the Democrats the party of hate in the case of impeachment

“You have no idea what I went through, communicating with these people,” added trump.


Putin said about Russia’s openness to the General system of world security :: Policy :: RBC

Only together can Nations protect the world from dangerous threats, Putin said. In the beginning of the year he proposed to convene a summit of the “nuclear five” and also noted that Russia is ready to negotiate with the US on arms control

Vladimir Putin

(Photo: Sergey Pyatakov / Getty Images)

Russia is open to dialogue on the establishment of a common security system in the world, said President Vladimir Putin during his speech at the Victory parade. The broadcast led to RBC.

“We know the face of the challenges facing the planet today, has a special feel which is the greatest value — people. His dreams, joy, hope, peace, calm, productive life. Understand the importance of strengthening friendship and trust between peoples, and open to dialogue and cooperation on the most topical issues of the international agenda. Among them, the establishment of a common reliable system of security which is needed by a complex, rapidly changing modern world. Only together can we protect him from dangerous new threats,” Putin said.

According to Putin, the world stability is threatened, in particular due to the crumbling of the system of arms control. He spoke about it back in February, noting that security in the world largely depends on the state of relations between Russia and the United States.

Putin said about the approach of the world to a “dangerous line”

Vladimir Putin


Trump offered to call the coronavirus “Kung flu” :: Policies :: RBC

The US President Donald trump called coronavirus infection “Kung flu”. This name was suggested during a campaign rally in Arizona, reports The Hill.

In his speech, trump said that the fashion industry, there are many names and only he is able to list 19 or 20 of them.

The President called several names, among which was the “Chinese virus”, “Wuhan”, and “Kung flu” (flu is from English. — flu). In the last name trump plays with the name of Chinese martial arts kung fu, notes The Hill.

“Wuhan contracted the coronavirus, kung flu,” said trump.

The Washington Post notes that trump has repeatedly accused China of epidemic coronavirus and continued to use the name “Chinese virus” for a long time after the disease spread outside the country.

Pandemic coronavirus. The most current on June 23

Previously, trump has repeatedly said that China is responsible for the outbreak of coronavirus, and also accused Beijing of concealing information on the origin of the virus and the prevalence of infection. In mid-may, the American leader made a break in relations with China because of the pandemic.

The spread of the coronavirus Covid-19 in the world

The number of confirmed cases of infection

Source: JHU

Data for the world i


In Georgia detained a Russian in the case of the preparation of the assassination :: Society :: RBC

The head of the TV channel “Mtavari arch” said that the attack was planned on the journalist of TV channel George Gabunia. A year ago Gabunia live cursed obscenities of the President of Russia Vladimir Putin

Photo: David mdzinarishvili / TASS

Employees of the state security Service (SGB) of Georgia detained the citizen of Russia on charges of preparing to commit murder, according to the SGB on its website.

The detainee is accused of purchasing, possessing and using a forged document. “On the basis of clear and convincing evidence obtained by the investigation, the investigating authority made the decision on his detention, which, on the one hand, he was prosecuted, on the other — was prevented by another more serious crime”, — is spoken in the message of GBS.

The investigation continues: the assigned examiner requested additional information and interviewed witnesses, according to the state security Service of Georgia.

RBC asked for a comment in the section of Russian interests at the Embassy of Switzerland in Georgia

Georgian host was suspended from work for Mat to address Putin

Giorgi Gabunia


In the Kremlin explained the refusal to invite Zelensky at the Victory parade :: Policy :: RBC

Dmitry Peskov said that the Ukrainian leaders have not signaled their willingness to participate in the celebration

Vladimir Zelensky

(Photo: Sergey Dolzhenko / AP)

Press Secretary of the President of Russia Dmitry Peskov explained the decision not to extend an invitation to the Victory parade, the head of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelensky. According to him, the emphasis is on the renewal of the invitations of the heads of CIS States, as well as those leaders who expressed a desire to come to the feast.

“As we know. Ukraine is not a de facto and largely de jure member of the CIS and never signaled his desire to share the joy of victory,” — said Peskov.

According to him, confirmed the participation in the festival the representatives of Serbia, Croatia, Abkhazia, and South Ossetia, Kazakhstan, Moldova, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan.

Zelensky was not invited to the Victory parade in Russia

Vladimir Zelensky

In August last year, the Russian presidential aide Yuri Ushakov told about the possibility of inviting Zelensky at the Victory parade. However, the Kremlin changed their minds after the January performances of the Ukrainian President. Then Zelensky supported Poland in a dispute with Russia and stated that by the beginning of World war II and the Holocaust led to the collusion of the Soviet Union and Nazi Germany.


Hear Nicolas Hulot, a necessary word

Thomas Legrand, editorial writer enjoying a great deal of attention as part of France Inter’s morning show of May 12, questioning both the form and the substance, attacked the campaign “the time has come” with violence launched by the Nicolas Hulot Foundation (FNH) and of which the latter is the spokesperson.

→ ANALYSIS.Climate, Nicolas Hulot is betting that the lines have moved

As Thomas Legrand recalls, the popularity of Nicolas Hulot is envied by many politicians and the media. However, he does not hold back his words, does not work his look, does not run the Parisian dinners, does not invade the pages of magazines and is even able to take against the President of the republic himself. Like Goldman, Zidane or Noah, he is a man of the “general public” and the FNH campaign is therefore a campaign aimed at this general public. It uses a grammar adapted to this target, thus associating personalities relay to this public.

French condescension

Thomas Legrand is right to recall that the FNH arrests are nothing new but it is unfortunately the tragedy of all environmentalists; they have been repeating the same things for ages and nothing has changed. Do they have to resign themselves and fold around organic vegetable gardens in Provencal eco-hamlets? The Covid-19 is an additional element which confirms the alerts of environmentalists and their recommendations, more than ever, remain valid!
In reality, there is nevertheless a new element, one more proof, I should say. It is illustrated by the way in which France condescendingly considered Italy at the start of the crisis, reminding us of a Russian cloud which, too, should not have passed through French customs. Until we have the buttocks on fire, we don’t react. This attests to the cognitive dissonance of which we are capable. Regarding the climate, we have this same dramatic attitude.

→ RETURN. One year after the “Power to Live Pact”, listening and disappointment
Thomas Legrand also questions the timing of this campaign. While environmentalists of all stripes, politicians of all stripes, scientists and media stars have been expressing themselves wrongly and through since the first days of the crisis, the Nicolas Hulot Foundation has just waited for deconfinement to speak. Did she have to wait until a vaccine was discovered? Did she have to wait until the “next world” looked like the “worse before world”? In particular, should it leave Medef and its president free rein to restart the machine at full speed?
We do rely on entrepreneurs to guarantee the sustainability of their activities, and therefore the employment of employees who themselves support entire families. But it is essential to remember that the conjunctural crisis of Covid-19 comes in a structural ecological context that is much more threatening to human health, as underlined by “the call of carers” which has just been launched by very many doctors and nurses.

The flaws in our system

In the name of the youngest, in the name of territories that are already dramatically undergoing the effects of climate change, in the name of those that globalization is already leaving by the side of the road, in the name of the collapsing biodiversity, there n ‘is not tolerable to envisage the continuation by freeing us from ecological constraints as requested by the President of Medef. Nor is it conceivable to ask Nicolas Hulot to shut up when so many others speak out and lobbyists are sieging the departments and the European Commission.

→ READ ALSO. Nicolat Hulot or the despair of an already lost fight
The lessons of the Covid crisis highlight the flaws in our system and provide an opportunity for everyone, whether an individual, public or private, to redefine their role in the design of humanity and its organization.
More than ever, the company must contribute to the creation of a better world. More than ever, it must specify its raison d’être and the raison d’être for those who work there. More than ever, companies and public players must develop new financial rules that help meet the environmental and social challenges of our time. And more than ever the media, including France Inter, must know what story they want to promote. Reach the microphone to those who harbor fear and withdrawal, or to those who, admittedly sometimes in a “nice” way, remind us that there will be no future for our humanity if it does not take care of it. ‘itself and the natural ecosystem of which it is a part.


Spokesperson for the Church of France, Father Thierry Magnin resigns

In an email sent to the bishops and to all the staff of the Conference of Bishops of France, Monday, May 11, Father Thierry Magnin announces that he will step down from his duties as general secretary and spokesperson for the CEF on July 1, learned The cross. The information should be formalized in a statement released Tuesday, May 12 in the morning. Father Thierry Magnin will only have fulfilled his mission for a short year. A mandate shortened not because of differences with the CEF management team or a casting error. At the age of 67, this hasty departure is linked to the ardent wish for this Saint-Etienne priest to return to his favorite areas: research, teaching, the relationship between science and faith.

A spokesperson professor

Succeeding father Olivier Ribadeau Dumas (now rector of the sanctuary of Lourdes) whose mandates as general secretary (2013) and spokesperson for the CEF (2015) were not renewable, Father Thierry Magnin had taken up his new duties at 1er July 2019.

Mgr Olivier Ribadeau Dumas appointed rector of the sanctuary of Lourdes

Barely ten days later, the death of Vincent Lambert brought the new spokesperson to the fore. Discovering – by his own admission – this very exposed and media position, the new voice of the bishops imposed a sober style, made of listening and nuances. Open and available, marked by years of teaching, the former professor of physics but also of theology sought, in this mission, to make accessible and clear the message of the Church of France.

“Vincent Lambert’s family has the right to meditation, respect and calm”

An arduous task while over the past few months, successive files have followed one another: revision of bioethics laws, social movement of yellow vests, crisis in pedophilia affairs in the Church, controversy over religious signs … Finally, the Church affected in recent months, like everyone else, by the epidemic of coronavirus, still had to negotiate with the state access to churches and the sacraments.

Deconfinement, reason for rupture between Emmanuel Macron and the Catholics?

A research priest

The pedagogy of this affable, smiling man, with a calm voice, did it not match the media tempo? Appreciated by his journalist interlocutors, Thierry Magnin could certainly regret the long time of research, of writing. Author of ten books and numerous articles, Grand Prix of the Academy of Sciences (1991) and Prize of Christian Humanism (2018), Thierry Magnin worked in particular on the challenges of transhumanism, before being called in the offices of avenue de Breteuil.

Father Thierry Magnin receives the 2018 Humanism Christian Award

Lecturer and researcher at the École des Mines de Saint-Étienne since 1977, university professor (1988), he was ordained priest of the diocese of Saint-Étienne in 1985. Parish priest then vicar general, he always led his scientific work and its pastoral vocation. With a double doctorate in physical science and theology, Thierry Magnin left a vivid memory as rector of the Catholic University of Lyon from 2011 to 2019.

A man of dialogue

With graying hair, sunken temples and a deep look, the spokesperson wanted to be an educator, for example with short weekly videos. At 67, this man of consensus and dialogue formed with Mgr Éric de Moulins-Beaufort, President of the CEF who took office on the same date, an effective tandem in the sometimes tense relations with the civil authorities and in delicate coordination of an episcopate which does not always assume its differences. He will quickly need a successor: there are many subjects on the table.


“Bad decision”, “ambitious goal”, “extremely dangerous”: the reactions of politicians to Macron’s speech

After the speech by Emmanuel Macron, who announced an extension of the confinement to May 11, the political class reacts.

Emmanuel Macron announced Monday a start of deconfinement from May 11, accompanied by a gradual reopening of schools and nurseries which was immediately criticized, while the toll of the epidemic of Covid-19 now approaches 15,000 dead in France . Here are the main political reactions on Monday evening:

Christian Jacob, president of the Republicans (at AFP): “Emmanuel Macron has given himself up to an essential educational exercise, he has sketched a calendar on deconfinement on the basis of scientific data, it will now be necessary that the stewardship and logistics follow. All this will depend on his ability to really sound the general mobilization. Words will no longer suffice. We can see the delay we have taken in masks, equipment, tests, etc. We must now anticipate the economic recovery, sector of activity by sector of activity. “

Jean-Luc Mélenchon, leader of LFI deputies (on TF1): “He has just announced a deconfinement on May 11 but a deconfinement without planning the conditions for deconfinement, it is extremely dangerous! My first reaction is to tell people: above all, stay confined. “

Jordan Bardella, RN vice-president (on BFMTV): “The head of state said that he would make the test possible for all people who have symptoms, but we know that 50% of individuals who are infected with the coronaviruses are asymptomatic, and among these asymptomatic, there are many children, so start the deconfinement by putting in the school classes several thousand children, I find that extremely dangerous, I find that it is a bad decision. “

Olivier Faure, first secretary of the PS (on TF1): “On May 11, we need guarantees of feasibility, we will see, it is an ambitious objective, which we must share, we must put all our joint efforts to achieve it, but it is an ambitious objective and we must indeed have the logistics that go with it. “

Stanislas Guerini, LREM number one (press release): “The president delivered the speech we expected, because he responded very concretely to the questions that concern the French, with great humility and lucidity. He made a speech of truth without hiding anything from the difficulties we had had and by saying exactly what we know at this stage and what we still ignore. “

Jean-Pierre Chevènement (to the AFP): “The President of the Republic rightly stressed the need for rallying and overcoming ideological points of view. He expressed his concern to place his action in a long-term perspective and I found him convincing. “

Nicolas Dupont-Aignan, president of Debout la France (on Twitter): “Without national borders, without masks or sufficient tests, the deconfinement of E. Macron with schools open from May 11, endangers the French! Conversely, I propose a progressive deconfinement for those who will be tested and protected from masks. “