The meeting had been planned for a long time, but it was very timely, in the aftermath of the environmental tidal wave in the municipal elections. Monday, June 29, Emmanuel Macron received the members of the Citizen’s Climate Convention at the Élysée Palace, to provide answers to their 149 proposals. This group of citizens drawn by lot, has thought about ways to lower” at least 40% of greenhouse gas emissions by 2030 “ in “A spirit of social justice”.
→ INFOGRAPHY. All the proposals of the Citizen’s Climate Convention
♦ The Head of State retained all proposals except three. He promised to transmit them to the government and to Parliament, or to submit them to a referendum. Some will be decided at the end of July, others integrated into the recovery plan but most will be the subject of a “Specific bill” multi-measures in September.
♦ Emmanuel Macron also announced the release of 15 billion euros additional for ecological transformation over two years. He undertook to set up a “Ecological transformation fund for our economy in the recovery plan” for especially “Invest in clean transport, renovate our buildings” and “Invent the industries of tomorrow”.
♦ It also approved the principle ofa moratorium on new commercial areas on the outskirts of cities as well as aid measures for the renovation of buildings. “To stop concreteisation is a project to make our country more human, basically more beautiful” and to find downtown businesses and end housing sprawl, he insisted. “It is a model from which our fellow citizens want to get out”.
♦ Emmanuel Macron said to himself ” ready “ to submit to referendums from 2021 certain proposals, on the one hand to modify the constitution, on the other hand for specific measures. “The rewriting of article 1 of our Constitution (…) to introduce the notions of biodiversity, environment, fight against global warming (…), I am in favor of this proposal”, he said, saying he was also open to a referendum “On one or more pieces of law”, incorporating other proposals from the Convention. “Symbols count: the Social Republic, the Republic of the territories are now enshrined in our Constitution. It is legitimate to think about registering ecology in turn ”.
Therefore, he is in favor of initiating a debate in the National Assembly and the Senate with a view to a constitutional reform which he wishes “See it happen by 2021”. “I am ready to resort to the referendum if it was then constitutionally possible after the vote of the Chambers”, he insisted.
→ READ ALSO. The Citizens Climate Convention wants to rehabilitate the referendum
♦ On the other hand, the head of state said disagree with a 4% dividend tax. He does not want to tax all investments because companies need to attract capital to change models, he argued, rather favoring a more incentive tax towards what must be greener. He also intends to reflect on a profound transformation of the tax system for a fair carbon tax but by reforming the other taxes: a project for the next few years. In the meantime, he proposes to chart a path for a European carbon tax in the coming months and to support households with financial aid.
♦ He also decided to “Postpone the debate” on the limitation to 110 km / h on motorways, proposed by the Citizen’s Climate Convention. “The ecological transition must not be to the detriment of the municipalities, the most isolated regions”, pleaded the Head of State, also explaining wanting to prevent the work of the convention from “Get involved in a controversy”. “Believe me, I am making this proposal as a specialist”, he launched with a smile, alluding to the very controversial measure of the limitation to 80 km / h on secondary roads. “I presented a lot of very ambitious big plans, with a lot of great things that were sometimes summed up in a bar or a little sentence. And it would be deeply unfair if all your work came down to this proposition ”.
♦ Emmanuel Macron also did not take up the Convention’s proposal to rewrite the preamble to the Constitution placing the environment above other fundamental values of the Republic. “As proposed, the drafting threatens to place environmental protection above public freedoms, even above our democratic rules”, he commented.
♦ Regarding the moratorium on the EU-Canada trade agreement (Ceta), he stated : “I answer you, let’s continue to assess”.
→ ANALYSIS. What Ceta has already changed for France
♦ Before concluding, the president undertook to set up citizen conventions sure “Other subjects” that the climate, and announced the next transformation of the Economic, Social and Environmental Council (Cese) into “Chamber of citizen conventions”. “You have shown that it is possible on a difficult subject, even a flammable one, to create consensus” he said, adding that a reform of Cese, an assembly made up of social representatives, “Will be presented to the next Council of Ministers, which will make it the Chamber of Citizen Conventions”.