The brain, in evaluating a choice, adopts weights and measures that change according to the knowledge of what could have been gained or lost in a given situation. This is what has been established by neuroeconomics research on the brain mechanisms of what is known from experience conducted by the University of Trento, in the laboratories of the CIMeC – Mind / Brain Interdepartmental Center, in collaboration with a French group (Laboratoire de Neurosciences Cognitives et Computationnelles, Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale). The study, published in the journal “The Journal of Neuroscience”, suggests a possible strategy to encourage more informed and responsible choices, for example to raise citizens’ awareness of lifestyles and measures that can protect collective health.
Mathematics, neuroscientists: “Boys and girls have the same skills”
A study reveals why we are quick to judge and slow to praise
The research used the technique of functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) on a group of women and men while making decisions, it deepened the link between information, awareness and responsibility for a choice. “The result of our study – underlines the team of researchers – is the first experimental demonstration that the brain does not code the value of a choice always in the same way and offers a possible explanation of why the ability to make a better decision when it is provided more information ». About, for example, the use of the mask, “if I go out wearing it and I don’t get sick and I am aware of the risk I ran (not wearing it I could have got sick), I think I had an advantage that is worth more than what I would have gotten if I had stayed healthy not leaving the house or if I had gotten sick from not wearing it. This becomes an incentive to use it in a convinced way also in the future ».
NEW YORK – Ensuring health, safety, food and a roof for all are the priorities of the budget presented this Thursday by the city of New York, some accounts of “war” in the face of the coronavirus crisis, which come accompanied by an appeal to the American president Donald Trump to allow a “rescue” of the Big Apple.
With tax revenues slumping as a result of the slowdown in economic activity, the mayor, Bill de Blasio, announced “painful” cuts of more than $ 2 billion to try to balance the budget in the year that begins in June.
According to his calculations, New York is going to lose some 7,400 million dollars in income, a “horrible” number, according to admitted De Blasio, that requires a determined intervention of the federal Government.
The mayor urged Washington to cover this deficit in full and warned that without that money, the basic needs of New Yorkers cannot be guaranteed.
“If they can find 58,000 million to rescue the airlines, surely they can find 7,500 million for the largest city in the country,” stressed the mayor.
Democrat De Blasio appealed directly to Trump, whom he asked for a clear signal of support for his hometown for Senate Republicans to give the green light to necessary aid.
As he insisted, the city is already doing everything possible on its part, with a budget of $ 89.3 billion, $ 6 billion less than the proposal that the City Council had initially made in January, $ 3.4 billion less than last year’s accounts and using the reserves he had accumulated to have “balanced” accounts.
Among other things, the budget foresees that all public activities be drastically limited and, for example, this summer the swimming pools will not be opened.
De Blasio also warned New Yorkers not to hold out too much hope about beach opening, given the risk of contagion from the coronavirus posed by the huge crowds seen in places like Coney Island.
Public resources, he insisted, will be devoted to basic issues: health, safety, food and housing.
“These are four things that people are mostly thinking about and the government has to focus on those four things. Things that would have been a priority two or three months ago cannot be now. Things we would like to focus on in times of peace cannot be the priority in times of war and these are times of war, “said de Blasio.
The Democrat also warned Trump and Republicans that their desire to restart the economy as soon as possible will be ruined if the basic needs of the population are not met or if they precipitate and cause a resurgence of COVID-19. .
Trump, De Blasio insisted, has only one chance to do this well and, if he is wrong, he will regret it for a long time.
In addition, New York Police Commissioner Dermot Shea offered a video conference on Thursday to detail how the coronavirus has affected the city’s police forces to date.
Specifically, the New York police have registered 7,155 positive cases for COVID-19 among its members, about 20% of its staff and 27 officers have died from the virus.
Shea also detailed that it is estimated that between 1,400 and 1,500 of the sick police officers have returned to work.
“You start to see a little light at the end of the tunnel and it seems that the worst is over,” said Shea, who regretted the losses and asked for a moment of silence.
The state of North Rhine-Westphalia has taken strict measures to stop the virus from spreading further. There is a ban on contact for more than two people, public life has come to a standstill. Gastronomy, retail and cultural sites in particular are already feeling the state of emergency clearly.
Cologne research institute: Corona crisis will cost NRW at least 50 billion euros
2:46 pm: According to a financial scientist, the economic losses for North Rhine-Westphalia from the corona crisis could amount to at least 50 billion euros. The aid package decided by the state parliament in the amount of 25 billion euros was “not too high,” said Michael Thönen of the financial science research institute at the University of Cologne of the “WAZ”.
The Munich Ifo Institute calculated that the corona crisis could cost Germany between 255 and 729 billion euros. “In terms of NRW, that would be at least 50 billion euros in economic losses,” said Thönen. “So it is possible that others will follow this rescue package.”
More than 11,500 people infected in NRW – 85 deaths
1:39 pm: According to the North Rhine-Westphalian Ministry of Health (Friday 10 a.m.), the number of people infected with the coronavirus in the state has risen to 11,523. 85 people died from the lung disease Covid-19 caused by the virus. The most affected district is still the district of Heinsberg with 1150 infected and 29 dead. The city of Cologne with 1017 infected and four deaths together with Aachen – 649 infected, ten deaths – is the most affected city in NRW.
Abitur in NRW is postponed for three weeks
9.58 a.m .: The 88,000 prospective high school graduates in North Rhine-Westphalia are given more time to prepare for the final exams. The main exams for the Abitur should only start on May 12th, three weeks later, said School Minister Yvonne Gebauer (FDP) on Friday in Düsseldorf.
This gave the students planning security so that they could prepare for their exams in the best possible way. “The tests will of course take place with special attention to infection protection. The health of our teachers and students is our top priority. ”
The exams at high schools, comprehensive schools, advanced training colleges and Waldorf schools as well as at vocational high schools of the vocational colleges begin on Tuesday, May 12th. The last exam date is Monday, May 25th. For pupils who could not keep the main date, there will be a central re-appointment afterwards.
Due to a greatly shortened correction period, the Abitur certificates can then, as planned, be issued no later than June 27th. However, the bridge day after Ascension Day also had to be used for the tests, it said.
The dates of the final exams at other school types and in other grades had also been adjusted: the start of the central exams in class 10 in the subjects of mathematics, English and German at secondary, secondary, and comprehensive schools as well as at existing G9 high schools, Further education colleges and in the primary and community school trials will be postponed by five days this school year. The exams also begin on May 12th.
Laschet: Restrictions on fundamental rights need to be examined
8:12 pm: NRW Prime Minister Armin Laschet (CDU) is campaigning to review the restrictions on fundamental rights due to the corona epidemic. “We can not live with such a kind of emergency legislation for half a year or three quarters,” said Laschet on Thursday evening in the YouTube livestream “Breaking LAB”. “At some point you will have to consider when you will return to normal life.”
That is important for social cohesion. At the moment, however, he considered the current ban on contact to be proportionate.
Schoolchildren’s hope that the Easter vacation would be extended and possibly go directly into the summer vacation is probably not realistic. “If it is responsible again, the schools will be opened again.” In mid-April, the data on the epidemic would be evaluated together with the Robert Koch Institute.
First patient in NRW is recovering
3:47 pm: The long serious condition of the first confirmed corona patient in NRW has improved significantly. The 47-year-old from Gangelt in the Heinsberg district no longer needs to be ventilated, the Düsseldorf University Clinic announced on Thursday.
The 47-year-old had been taken in there with his wife about four weeks ago. According to the doctors, his infection with the novel coronavirus had a very severe course and had been treated in the intensive care unit.
“He shows a stable improvement and is now being treated at the infection station,” the clinic explained. His wife had been released a few days ago. The University Hospital Düsseldorf currently treats 17 patients with confirmed coronavirus infection.
Stamp: Parents’ contributions for April are suspended
2:10 p.m .: NRW family minister Joachim Stamp (FDP) speaks on Thursday in Düsseldorf of a signal that the state government wants to give at times “when we demand a lot from families and parents”. In April, no fees have to be paid for the daycare, day care and open all day due to the corona crisis. The country has agreed on this with the local umbrella organizations. The costs are borne half by the state and the municipalities.
One is “incredibly grateful” how level-headed the parents and the staff of all childcare facilities are “dealing with the situation”. Emergency care for children in the so-called key professions is used very deliberately. The occupancy of daycare centers is 2.5 percent and 4.5 percent for day care. It had been agreed with the porters that emergency care would also be provided next weekend. “Everyone is currently acting exemplary,” said Stamp. This path must be continued consistently. “No visits from grandparents, no outside care in other groups, no children’s birthdays or meetings with other children,” said the minister. “We have to keep our distance for a while. The more disciplined we are now with the situation, the faster we have the chance to return to normal bit by bit. ”
The contributions for the last two weeks of March are non-refundable. “For us it is an important signal that the crisis must be borne by everyone. We cannot afford to do so retrospectively for March, ”said Stamp. He considered the regulation made “very, very fair. It will not go completely without sacrifice for everyone. We always said that. “
Stamp criticized the statements made by the Mayor of Düsseldorf, Thomas Geisel (SPD), who had called for a change in strategy to fight the pandemic and only wanted to isolate the risk group of the elderly. “Hostage’s thoughts are premature speculation,” said Stamp. “We also want to keep the economic damage as low as possible.” However, the infection curves in Germany are still “relatively similar to the countries in which the medical disaster occurred.” Therefore, the regulations of the ban on contact should be “extremely meticulous keep “.
Reul: Almost 250 violations of measures in the corona crisis
14:00 clock: Dispute over toilet paper or banned fitness training in a large group: The authorities in NRW have counted almost 250 violations in the first days since drastic corona measures were imposed. The majority of these are violations of the ban on contact in public spaces, said NRW Interior Minister Herbert Reul (CDU) on Thursday in Düsseldorf.
Free rental car for hospital staff in Corona crisis
12:30 pm: In order to make it easier for hospital staff to get to work without their own car in the Corona crisis, they can take a rental car in NRW free of charge. The offer will apply to hospital employees from next Wednesday if they can hardly or no longer get to work due to the thinned-out timetables by train, said NRW Transport Minister Hendrik Wüst (CDU) on Thursday. The country has made available one million euros for the special program, which will initially run until May 31.
Aachener is suing to block contacts in NRW
11.30 a.m .: A man from Aachen is suing the ban on contacts issued by the state government in North Rhine-Westphalia due to the Corona crisis. The plaintiff wants to continue to meet with his friends in public, court spokeswoman Gudrun Dahme said on Thursday of the German press agency on request.
The Higher Administrative Court (OVG) in Münster must now check whether the legal regulation of the state government is proportionate and whether there is a legal basis. The plaintiff contests the requirement that people in groups of more than two people are not allowed to meet in public. The OVG wants to decide next week. (dpa)
10,467 infected people in North Rhine-Westphalia – 14 other people died in NRW
10:50 am: The Ministry of Health in Düsseldorf published the latest case numbers on Thursday morning. According to this, 10,467 people in NRW are infected with the corona virus, 75 people have died of Covid-19. This means that 14 more deaths have occurred in the last 24 hours.
NRW student council wants to postpone graduation
4:00 p.m .: The state student representative of North Rhine-Westphalia advocates a postponement of the Abitur. “Writing the exams now, as it is done in Hesse, we think is the wrong solution,” said Sophie Halley from the board on Wednesday. The high school graduate would like a uniform solution for all of Germany in a timely manner. “We discuss it a lot with each other. Most of the pupils would like to see the central high school diploma suspended this year and the schools instead taking the exams, ”said the 18-year-old.
“Of course, this is a great burden for the teachers, so the ministry should provide a selection of exams.” The teachers could then select and evaluate them individually depending on the subject matter.
University hospitals want to support small hospitals in NRW
2:32 p.m .: Smaller hospitals in North Rhine-Westphalia are to receive support from the university hospitals of Aachen and Münster in the complex care of corona patients. The roughly 200 basic and standard care hospitals across the country can ask experts from the university hospitals for advice in video conferences, as announced by the NRW Ministry of Health and the University Hospital Aachen on Wednesday.
Project manager Professor Gernot Marx from the University Hospital Aachen said that the peak of infection in North Rhine-Westphalia is expected to be from mid-April to mid-May: “We expect an exponentially increasing number of Covid-19 patients.” Seriously ill patients need maximum care. But only about half of the intensive care beds are in the university clinics.
In the case of serious illnesses, the level of treatment in every hospital in the country should be the same as that of a maximum care provider, the ministry justified the step. By using knowledge in the university hospitals in Aachen and Münster, the number of intensive care beds with adequate medical expertise could be increased, said NRW Health Minister Karl-Josef Laumann (CDU) according to the announcement.
Minister of Economics Andreas Pinkwart: three quarters of all NRW companies affected by coronavirus
02.25 p.m .: According to estimates, around three quarters of companies in North Rhine-Westphalia are hit hard or very hard by the Corona crisis. This was said by NRW Minister for Economic Affairs Andreas Pinkwart (FDP) in Düsseldorf on Wednesday. “We’re heading for the sharpest decline in economic output since World War II,” he said.
The very large corporations are affected, right down to the smallest companies, solo self-employed persons and company founders. “The whole range of the economy is affected.”
Conference in the state parliament: Environment Minister Heinen-Esser sharply criticizes hamster purchases
12.14 p.m .: NRW Environment Minister Ursula Heinen-Esser sharply criticized hamster purchases at the press conference on Wednesday afternoon. “We have no supply crisis, we get mirrored at the round table every day,” said the minister, “if there are bottlenecks in the supermarket, it is only because of hamster purchases.”
In the joint press conference with the NRW consumer center, Heinen-Esser also warns of fraudsters who want to make profit in the corona crisis. So-called phishing emails in particular are a big problem. “Please do not respond to these calls by email from supposed banks,” said the minister.
It also became known what effects the corona virus has on the judicial system. NRW Justice Minister Peter Biesenbach presented various aspects, for example for prisons and courts. Among other things, prisoners should be released under certain circumstances. A first case was announced on Wednesday.
9421 infected in North Rhine-Westphalia – seven other people died
10:15 am: The Ministry of Health in Düsseldorf published the latest case numbers on Wednesday morning. According to this, 9,421 people in North Rhine-Westphalia are infected with the corona virus, 61 people have died of Covid-19. The day before, the numbers had been reported with 9087 infected and 54 fatalities.
Government decides on high school exams
6.49 p.m .: North Rhine-Westphalia’s state government wants to decide on the Abitur exams 2020 by Friday if possible in agreement with many federal states. “North Rhine-Westphalia is prepared for various scenarios and will make another move this week to take a common path with as many countries as possible,” School Minister Yvonne Gebauer (FDP) told the Aachener Zeitung (Wednesday). “If this is not possible, North Rhine-Westphalia will make its decisions regardless of this and present them on Friday,” said a statement from Gebauer on Tuesday, which is also available to the German Press Agency.
The nationwide cessation of teaching in all schools as a result of the spread of coronavirus was inevitable and an absolute exception, said Gebauer. This requires a prudent and coordinated approach by everyone involved. The prospective high school graduates would have the right to fair conditions and transparent decisions with regard to their school leaving certificate. She emphasized: “I can understand the desire for a quick decision very well. But now it is not the fastest possible decision, but the best possible decision. “
According to the ministry, the conference of culture ministers (KMK) should give advice on the subject later this week. The planning would of course also take into account all other final exams, such as the approximately 60,000 decentralized high school, FHR and vocational examinations according to state law at the vocational colleges and the central final exams of class 10, the NRW School Ministry added on Tuesday.
Despite the corona crisis, the parent associations in North Rhine-Westphalia demanded clarity for their children’s high school and final exams.
More than 9000 infections in NRW – 54 people died
5.14 p.m .: The number of confirmed coronavirus infections in North Rhine-Westphalia rose to 9087, at the same time the curve of those infected in the Heinsberg district leveled off slightly. According to the State Ministry of Health, 863 cases were added compared to the previous day (as of 4:00 p.m.). The number of deaths known to the country rose the previous day by 14 – to 54.
According to the ministry, 1,043 people (as of 4:00 p.m.) were infected with the virus in the particularly affected district of Heinsberg on Tuesday. The previous day there were 1004. The number of fatalities rose to 25 (previous day 24). 247 people recovered. According to calculations by the University Hospital Aachen, the contagion curve in the circle is still flattened. The district district administrator, Stephan Pusch (CDU), said in a Facebook video: “The measures we are taking also have an effect”. That is good news. However, there are no plans to relax the restrictions.
State Parliament decides unprecedented rescue package
3:50 p.m .: The North Rhine-Westphalian state parliament unanimously voted on an aid package worth 25 billion euros to cope with the economic consequences of the Corona crisis. All five parliamentary groups quickly agreed to the rescue package, which has been unprecedented in the country’s history.
NRW wants to release ICEs on busy routes for local transport customers
02.02 p.m .: The reduced offer in local rail transport due to the corona pandemic has led to overcrowded S-Bahn and regional express trains in North Rhine-Westphalia in many places. That is why NRW is committed to the release of ICE trains for local traffic customers on particularly busy routes. Then passengers could also board these trains with a local transport ticket, which has not been allowed up to now.
In a letter to the CEO of Deutsche Bahn, which is available to the German Press Agency in Düsseldorf, NRW Transport Minister Hendrik Wüst (CDU) wrote on Tuesday: “The distances ordered by the Robert Koch Institute and the Federal Government cannot be kept. Remedial action could clear long-distance traffic on some lines. “
The Deutsche Bahn subsidiary DB Fernverkehr has so far been unable to meet the request for the release of ICE traffic, Wüst criticized in his letter to Richard Lutz. Now he urgently asked for a short-term inspection for 14 routes – including on the Rheinschiene Aachen, Bonn, Cologne Düsseldorf and for connections between the Ruhr area, Münster, Osnabrück and East Westphalia.
Wüst announced last week that local rail traffic in NRW would have to be shut down by 50 percent as a result of the Corona crisis by the end of this week. “From the country’s point of view, it would have been desirable to continue operating the normal schedule to prevent overcrowded trains and thus minimize the risk of infection,” wrote Wüst. However, this was not possible due to staff shortages.
“For example, the sick leave at DB Regio AG in North Rhine-Westphalia is currently around 40 percent,” said the minister. “In the weighing process, we therefore agreed to a reduced range of services in order to continue to have a stable range of services available for commuters.” Local rail transport had to remain efficient – especially in order to get “key people” to their work. (dpa / lnw)
Around 8700 corona infected people in NRW – 45 dead
12.46 p.m .: The number of confirmed coronavirus infections in North Rhine-Westphalia has risen to 8745, 45 deaths have been reported so far. The state health ministry published these figures (as of 10:00 a.m.) on Tuesday morning. Compared to the 10.00 a.m. on Monday, 734 cases were added. The number of deaths known to the country rose by five the previous day – to 45.
According to the district, 1043 people (as of 12:30 p.m.) were infected with the virus in the particularly affected district of Heinsberg. The previous day there were 1004. The number of fatalities rose to 25 (previous day 24). 247 people recovered. According to calculations by the University Hospital Aachen, the contagion curve is flattened in a circle.
Coronavirus infections now report all 53 districts and independent cities in NRW. The Ministry emphasized that the development was dynamic. The numbers were based on current official reports that the state ministry had received. Municipalities may have already announced higher numbers of cases.
NRW admits Corona patients from Italy
10:56 a.m .: North Rhine-Westphalia takes in ten corona patients from northern Italy, which is particularly affected by the virus. That said NRW Prime Minister Armin Laschet (CDU) on Tuesday in a special session of the state parliament. The Italian Air Force will transfer the patients to NRW. “This is a small drop,” said Laschet. “But we want to signal: you are not alone.” Every life that can be saved is worth it.
NRW draws up a comprehensive catalog of fines
9.30 a.m.: North Rhine-Westphalia has issued a catalog of fines for violations of the nationwide corona rules with fines of up to 5000 euros. In the event of repetition, up to EUR 25,000 will be charged. The decree, which, according to dpa information, was sent to the responsible authorities on Monday evening, is before the German Press Agency.
The catalog contains an overview of which violations should be punished as criminal offenses and which as administrative offenses. For example, returnees from risky areas who deliberately or negligently violate entry bans are punishable by law.
For meetings of more than two people in public who are not directly related, 200 euros will be due by everyone involved. Forbidden picnics cost 250 euros per participant. The consumption of meals outside the house closer than 50 meters to the restaurant or snack bar costs 200 euros. Additional fines are possible against companies that benefit from violations. Hygiene violations or violations of the ban on visits to facilities such as old people’s homes are also becoming more expensive. The “Bild” newspaper had initially reported on the draft decree.
NRW Prime Minister Armin Laschet (CDU) said about the current measures and the catalog of fines: “The situation is serious. It’s about life and death. The strict ban on contact will certainly help to quickly reduce the risk of infection. Fortunately, the vast majority of people stick to the rules and show solidarity. We don’t have to monitor the sensible, we have to punish the senseless. Consistently and hard. The signals have to arrive. Zero tolerance also applies to lawbreakers in the fight against the corona virus. “
Interior Minister Herbert Reul also commented on the catalog of fines: “These are severe penalties. But if you don’t want to hear, you just have to pay or be pulled out of circulation. After all, this is not about a trifle, but about the health and life of millions of people. ”
The first day with no contact: empty streets and squares
5 p.m .: Empty squares, streets and parks: After the ban on contacts during the Corona crisis, hardly any people were seen in the otherwise heavily visited inner cities of North Rhine-Westphalia on Monday. Where working people usually flock to the streets and cafés greet visitors with a bright sky, there was a yawning emptiness, as dpa reporters reported on the first day of the tightened restrictions on public life. Only a few were still on the highways and streets of the big cities. No comparison to the hundreds of kilometers of traffic jams that otherwise form on a Monday morning.
The appeals from politicians, doctors, nurses and nurses to stay at home as far as possible obviously have an effect: “People largely adhere to the guidelines. Overall, you can see that people have become more sensitive to the precautions against the corona virus every day, ”said a spokesman for the city of Düsseldorf. In Cologne’s south town, employees of the garbage disposal in orange jackets determined the deserted streets on Monday morning. Occasionally, residents were out and about with their dogs. In many places there were hardly any passengers on the trains. The few kept several rows apart.
Coughing up as an assault
2.42 p.m .: A man in Münsterland is being investigated for assault after deliberately coughing up a police officer. The officers were deployed in Greven to end a so-called corona party. The man being investigated is now under quarantine.
Municipalities should approve housing benefit quickly
1:42 p.m .: Tenants who are in financial difficulties as a result of the Coranvirus crisis should receive easier housing benefit. Short-time work and layoffs will result in an increase in housing benefit applications, said local minister Ina Scharrenbach (CDU) in Düsseldorf on Monday. The municipalities had received information on how the examination and approval of housing benefit could be carried out more quickly. A rapid approval of housing allowance is also necessary so that energy and water suppliers can continue to be paid.
She currently knows no landlord nationwide who quits an apartment during this time. That is a question of social responsibility, said Scharrenbach. About 60 percent of the landlords are small landlords who need the income for their retirement benefits or to pay off a loan. That is why the federal government must also go along at this point. (dpa)
More than 4000 ventilation options in NRW
1:15 p.m .: The state of North Rhine-Westphalia has an initial overview of the ventilation capacities currently available to clinics in NRW. According to information from NRW Minister of Health Karl-Josef Laumann (CDU), there are 6148 intensive care beds in NRW, including 4223 with ventilation. According to the clinics, the clinics are “very quickly able to create 2600 additional ventilation places.” These numbers are based on an app that the Ministry launched on Thursday.
Two thirds of the NRW hospitals delivered their data by Monday. Of the 8011 people infected in NRW, 443 are currently in hospital treatment. 146 of these are in intensive care units, 121 of them with ventilation support. The federal government finances 50,000 euros for each new intensive care place that is created in NRW. The country adds another 50,000 euros for each ventilation place. Not every ventilation place has to be in an intensive care unit, the rooms should have an oxygen supply.
State government does not want to postpone local elections
12.51 p.m .: The state government has no plans to postpone the local elections in North Rhine-Westphalia. “The local elections will take place on September 13, 2020,” said local minister Ina Scharrenbach (CDU) in Düsseldorf on Monday. The parties would have to submit their election proposals to the election officers by July 16. Therefore there is still scope for the deadlines.
NRW cabinet approves € 25 billion rescue package due to corona crisis
1:50 p.m .: The black and yellow state government in North Rhine-Westphalia decided on Sunday 25 billion euros for a rescue package for the NRW economy. According to the State Chancellery, the cabinet of Prime Minister Armin Laschet (CDU) approved the funds for coping with the Corona crisis in an extraordinary meeting.
“We are all in a truly extraordinary extreme situation and are suddenly facing tasks and problems that we could hardly have imagined before. With our NRW rescue package, we want to avoid the collapse of many companies and save many jobs and entire employment histories of families, ”said Finance Minister Lutz Lienenkämper (CDU) according to the news at lunchtime.
On Tuesday, the NRW state parliament is to deal with the cabinet’s legislative package and a supplementary budget for 2020 in a special session. The rescue package provides, among other things, an extended guarantee framework of the country for economic development to 5 billion euros and aid for micro-entrepreneurs and the self-employed.
Over 6700 corona infections – again a significant increase
In North Rhine-Westphalia, the number of confirmed coronavirus infections has risen again significantly. According to information from the Ministry of Health on Saturday (as of 11:30 a.m.), there were 6740 documented cases in NRW. In the most populous federal state, this is an increase of more than 1,000 compared to the previous day. The number of deaths recorded in NRW rose by 6 to 23.
Furthermore, the district of Heinsberg reports the most infections: the number increased slightly from 874 to 916 within 24 hours. There were 629 cases in Cologne, the previous day there were 521.
Coronavirus infections now report all 53 districts and independent cities in NRW. The Ministry emphasized that the development was dynamic. The numbers were based on current government reports received by the ministry.
Truck ban lifted
12.36 p.m .: In North Rhine-Westphalia, the driving ban for trucks on weekends is lifted. Minister of Transport Hendrik Wüst announced this on Friday. This is necessary in order to maintain the supply chains. Freshness transports have always been exempt from the Sunday driving ban.
Gastronomy closes in the Cologne region
2:23 pm: After the state restricted the opening of restaurants to the period between 6 a.m. and 3 p.m., the mayors of the independent cities and the district administrators in the Cologne region agreed on further restrictions. As of today, restaurants and cafés in Bonn and the rest of Cologne’s administrative district will remain closed for the period mentioned. It will also be possible to order or collect food and then eat it at home.
NRW grants special tax relief for companies
1:29 pm: North Rhine-Westphalia wants to go beyond federal measures in tax deferrals due to the corona crisis. Affected companies that want to apply for deadlines for sales tax no longer have to make any special payments in NRW. The NRW finance minister Lutz Lienenkämper (CDU) announced on Thursday in Düsseldorf.
“This means that companies will immediately be provided with funds amounting to more than four billion euros,” said Lienenkämper. This would result in immediate liquidity increases in the billions for large parts of the North Rhine-Westphalian economy.
Dallas County health officials say nine other people tested positive for the COVID-19 test, bringing the total to 28.
Cases include two 20 year old women, a 30 year old man, a 40 year old woman, two 50 year old women, a 60 year old man and a 70 year old woman. Five of the patients are hospitalized and three of them are in critical condition. Four of the patients isolate themselves at home.
Eight of the cases concern Dallas residents and one is from Irving.
No further patient information will be released to protect their privacy.
“As we warned you, test data is well behind the situation on the field. Today we have five new cases of probable community spread. It is imperative that you exercise sound decision-making in your personal responsibility decisions, “said Dallas County Judge Clay Jenkins.” We must replace selfishness with sacrifice if we are to protect our elders and the most vulnerable among us. fear, rather trust in science, the science that will be your roadmap to protect you and your family. Replace panic with prayer and personal responsibility. We can do it in North Texas, but it takes us all. Life that you save could be your Nana. ”
Of the county’s 28 cases, four are out-of-county residents who visit or visit Dallas County.
How to avoid the COVID-19 infection:
The best way to prevent infection is to take precautions to avoid exposure to this virus, which are similar to the precautions you take to avoid the flu. CDC always recommends these daily actions to help prevent the spread of respiratory viruses, including:
Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds. If soap and water are not available, use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer.
Avoid touching your eyes, nose and mouth with unwashed hands.
Avoid close contact with people who are sick.
Stay home when you’re sick.
Cover the cough or sneeze with a tissue, then throw the tissue in the trash.
Clean and disinfect frequently touched objects and surfaces.
* Information shared by the Office of Texas Gov. Greg Abbott
In the past few days, the world of sports has come to
the scream stops when a handful of players test positive for the COVID-19 virus.
It started with soccer players in Europe and eventually reached the NBA where
three known players have already shown that they are positive for coronavirus. Was
just a matter of time before the virus infiltrated other sports.
On Sunday, he entered the Major League Baseball.
The New York Yankees were the first professional baseball
team to announce that one of their minor league players had tested positive for
COVID-19. The team said the unidentified player was quarantined
Friday after developing a fever.
ESPN’s Jeff Passan was the first to report the news
The positive test will certainly have a chain effect in the
MLB world. Probably the whole list of Yankees, both in the major league
and the minor league will need to be tested for the virus.
As of the publication of this story, the team already has
say all of their minor league
players self-quarantine for the next two weeks.
Most likely, the entire spring training facility will
close – if t hasn’t already done so – and a timeline of who entered the unknown
contact with and if he had contact with players from other teams, he will be from
Last Sunday, MLB sent a reminder to all 30 teams,
encourage all organizations to avoid any activity involving players and
people who gather in significant numbers.
“The risk of contracting a player in a club facility
the virus is real, “read part of the memo.
Initially, after Thursday’s announcement that MLB was
suspend their spring training season and delay the start of the regular
season, the spring training facilities had to remain open to allow players to
continue to train and prepare.
Shortly thereafter, the league announced that the facilities would
would close and the players would have the option of returning home or returning
their home market, or remain in their spring training city (in Arizona or
NBC LA spoke to a handful of players on the Los Angeles Dodgers, and many of them were deciding between staying in Arizona or returning to Los Angeles. Many players are renting homes in the Arizona area with rental agreements that expire next week.
Initially, the MLB announced that the regular season would only be delayed “by two weeks”. NBC LA learned that the original interim calendar played a significant role in the players’ decisions on where to stay during the suspension. Many players had the impression that the season could start on April 9th, moving to their home market for the next few weeks the most convenient.
However, following the disease control centers’ announcement on Sunday, all meetings of more than 50 people should be canceled for at least the next eight weeks. The probability of the MLB season starting in April appears to be rather bleak.
In all likelihood, the eight-week barometer is probably longer
accurate, which means that the MLB season could start in late May or early
on June. Many players, including the Dodgers, have to ask themselves, “If
there is no baseball, in which city I would prefer to spend the next two months
It will be interesting to see if the announcement of the
the first baseball player to be positive has a chain effect on the major league
level and if other positive tests are yet to come.
The Collin County Department of Health reported Friday that a fifth person – a 40-year-old Frisco woman – tested the supposed positive for the new coronavirus.
He has no basic medical conditions and remains in quarantine at his home. The woman, whose name has not been released, has not recently traveled outside the state, so health officials are working to determine if the case has been spread by anyone in the community, a press release said.
Collin County Health says there are 63 people monitored as of Friday afternoon.
Collin County’s most recent allegedly positive case comes after disaster reports from the Dallas and Tarrant counties. Collin County has not declared a health emergency since Friday.
All non-essential court operations in Collin County have been postponed to April 1st. Essential court proceedings will continue as intended and are defined by the respective court orders: district courts, county courts and justice courts.
The county offices are open and operational during normal business hours.
Under the direction of elected officials and department heads, employees with the ability to work remotely are instructed to do so.
Any non-essential travel related to the work of county employees is prohibited. All travel related to county employee work for training and conferences were canceled until April 1.
County employees with fever or flu-like symptoms are expected to stay home from work and cannot return to work until they have been free of fever without medication for 24 hours.
Collin County employees were asked to cancel all nonessential staff meetings and community meetings.
The Collin County Commissioner Court will not cancel meetings at this time. All non-essential employees were asked to monitor the Court’s meeting via the web and not to attend in person.
Closures and cancellations
The 2020 Gardener Collin County Garden Show, scheduled for Saturday March 14 and Sunday March 15, has been canceled. At the moment, no decisions have been made on the reprogramming of the event.
Some school districts and universities in Connecticut are changing their schedule of classes or activities due to worries about coronavirus. The Connecticut Interscholastic Athletic Conference is canceling all remaining games of the CIAC winter tournaments due to worries about the coronavirus.
Schools with impact on classes or activities
Region 14 School district
The Region 14 school district, which includes Bethlehem and Woodbury, is closing for the rest of the week after a student came in contact with someone who tested positive for the COVID-19 test, school officials announced Tuesday.
Officials said students and their family showed no signs of illness and self-monitored in their home for 14 days, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention guidelines.
The district decided to close all school buildings from 11 to 15 March to clean and disinfect in depth. There will be no activity during closing.
The closure will be treated in the same way as the snow days and the days will be made up at the end of the school year.
Region 14 is also postponing or canceling large events, including middle school and high school game tests, and canceling all field trips until further notice. Sports have also been canceled.
Wilcoxson elementary school in Stratford
The city of Stratford is closing a school for the rest of the week after a person connected to the school may have come into contact with the coronavirus.
Wilcoxson Elementary School will be closed until Friday, according to the mayor’s office.
The person did not confirm that he had coronavirus and the school was shut down due to an abundance of cautions to allow time for a thorough cleaning of the building, officials said. It is not clear what type of contact the individual had with the COVID-19 virus.
University of New Haven / UNH
The university suspends in-person lessons leading to spring break, as well as in-person lessons on March 23 and 24.
The athletic events from 9 to 24 March have been canceled.
The halls of the residence are closed from 17:00 on 10 March.
“While there are currently no confirmed cases of COVID-19 on our campus, these decisions were made after learning that people on our campus may have been exposed to a confirmed case of the virus after attending an out of state conference. “statement on the university’s website said.
The university has a special website created here.
University of the Sacred Heart
As of March 10, Sacred Heart University has suspended classes in person and is now switching to online instruction starting March 11.
The residences and dining rooms will remain open and students are invited to stay on campus.
International university-sponsored travel and non-essential business travel have been canceled.
The school has created a special website here.
Schools open but with travel restrictions
University of Connecticut / UConn
All UConn campuses work in normal operations. Academic and work schedules have not changed.
UConn has suspended university-sponsored travel to high-risk countries, including China, Italy, Iran, South Korea and Japan. The university asks anyone in the university community who has returned from a trip abroad in the past 14 days or who plans to travel outside the United States in the next three months to fill out a form.
“UConn has also suspended all national and international university-sponsored travel outside the state by faculty and staff until further notice,” according to the university’s website.
UConn has created a special website for the latest information on the coronavirus.
Central Connecticut State University / CCSU
Classes take place as scheduled on campus.
The school canceled all university-sponsored travel outside the state, including lectures and recruitment visits.
Students, faculty and staff are discouraged from personal travel outside the state, especially during the spring break. The school asks people traveling to check with the school before returning to campus. The CCSU requires members of the university community to complete a form prior to travel.
“There are currently no restrictions on employees or students returning to Connecticut from national or international travel (except for those areas designated by the CDC as Level 2 or Level 3), but be aware that they may change at any time”, according to the university website.
For more information, CCSU has created a special website for coronavirus information.
Classes and catering activities continue as planned.
The university asked people to record all national and international trips and following the directions CDC and Yale Health.
The enemy Hank Bolden
faced did not come from a distant front line.
It came from the skies.
It’s a battle that’s still going on 65 years later. Bolden, who is now 82 years old, is an atomic veteran – one of hundreds of thousands of American service members used in human testing by the United States government during post-WWII nuclear tests and sworn to a secret life.
“They wanted to see how the living soldiers would resist the exposure
to radiation, ”recalls Bolden. “Before using live soldiers they were using
mannequins. But you don’t get real results using mannequins as you would
live bodies. “
A DIFFERENT TIME
While accompanying a friend to a New Haven recruiting station in 1953, Bolden was invited to join the army. At just 16 years old then and already out of high school, he admits that he “pulled down” his birth certificate to move to the age of 18, joining the approximately 200,000 underage soldiers who would have served during the Second World War and the eras of the Korean War.
After basic training in
Fort Dix was assigned to work as a tank mechanic in Texas before moving to Texas
California and becoming a surface-to-air missile mechanic.
Despite an executive order issued in July
26, 1948, by President Harry S. Truman to desegregate the armed forces, the last one
the all black units of the army were not abolished until 1954. And in 1955, Bolden
he says, racist attitudes persist even after the units have been racially integrated.
“The residual thoughts of people were firm
linger, “he says.” My outfit was 800 people strong. Thirteen of us were
black. Ten were from the South, who were more tolerant of treatment
they got racially. But the three of us from the North couldn’t tolerate it,
so I have had many fights over this. So I was the guy they wanted
get rid of.”
It would not be the only race
discrimination Bolden would witness as a soldier.
In 1955, the seventeen year old
he was suddenly ordered to the Nevada desert without explanation.
“They don’t tell you what you’re going to face,” he said. “Nobody
they knew what they were going to face. ”
What he would eventually face was a classified operation known as Operation Teapot at the Nevada Test Site. In a series of 14 bomb throws, or “hits”, military officials tried to test the effects of nuclear bombs on structures and strategies, animals and people.
All races of military personnel
participated in the Teapot operation. But upon arrival in Nevada, Bolden was
astounded to accomplish all the other soldiers in his new specially selected unit
for a mysterious assignment they were also black.
“There was this myth about black people
be able to resist, tolerate certain things more than any other race “, he
He says. “So it was a test on that too.”
AN ATOMIC NIGHT
One morning in February, Bolden
the unit was ordered in a desert trench. Unbeknownst to them, it was excavated
the expected route of the fallout, only 2.8 miles away from what it would have become
ground zero for the launch of an atomic bomb.
Even though a countdown sounded on the speakers, Bolden says, the soldiers still had no idea what they were about to face. Without protective gear in addition to the normal fabrics and helmets, they waited and looked.
“They tell you to cover your eyes”
On February 18, 1955, Shot Wasp, the first nuclear test of Operation Teapot, detonated a Mark 6 nuclear bomb dropped by a B-36 exactly at noon. A monstrous cloud of mushrooms filled the sky, reaching 21,500 feet in height.
“With radiation, when you put your arms over your eyes or hands, you actually see the bones, you see the bones in your body from the exposure. You can see your skeleton. “
After the relapse the warning came.
“You swore not to speak
“said Bolden. The soldiers were threatened with imprisonment and fines for violation
For 60 years, Bolden didn’t tell anyone. No this
family, not his wife, not his children. Not even her doctors when she spies on her
tumors have started to show. He developed bladder and posterior subcapsular cancer
cataract and in 1990 multiple myeloma was diagnosed.
“They actually gave me three and a half years
four years to live, ”recalls Bolden. So in 1995 I should have been a statistic. “
But in 1995, Bolden was in remission. He is a citizen
the secret was coming to light.
Government figures estimate between 400,000 and 550,000 US military personnel who participated in a series of nuclear tests between 1946 and 1992. According to the Department of Defense’s Defense Threat Reduction Agency, this includes post occupation forces -Second World War of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, prisoners of war in Japan at the end of the Second World War, participants in the atmospheric nuclear tests in Nevada and the Pacific from 1945 to 1962 and participants in the underground nuclear tests in Nevada from 1951 to 1992.
Many of these “atomic veterans” have succumbed before their own
the stories have become public, their bodies are full of tumors. In
1990, the veil of secrecy began to lift.
After setting up the Advisory Committee on Human Radiation Experiments to investigate 10-year experiments, President Clinton made a formal apology to American atomic veterans on October 3, 1995. By order of the president, Congress would repeal the nuclear radiation agreement law. and secrecy, allowing atomic veterans to talk about their experiences without fear of fines or treason charges. And financial compensation has been opened to all qualified atomic veterans.
“Those who led the government when these decisions were made are no longer here to take responsibility for what they have done. They are not here to apologize to survivors, family members or their communities whose lives have been overshadowed by shadow of these choices So today, on behalf of another generation of American leaders and another generation of American citizens, the United States of America offers sincere apologies to those of our citizens who have undergone these experiments. the government is wrong, we have a moral responsibility to admit it, “said President Bill Clinton on October 3, 1995
But the television address has been obscured. The same happened
day when OJ Simpson’s verdict was issued in a live classroom feed, taking
on televisions and news cycles across America.
As a result, many skilled veterans had no idea of the ban
the secrecy had been lifted, nor that they could claim benefits. Bolden no
find out until he researched the Internet, he says, in 2015.
“I was once so angry and so aggravating with the government that I thought I would be murdered to keep me from talking,” he says.
When Bolden attempted to apply for subsidies, he found that the burden of proof was placed on his fellow atomic veterans. The government would give compensation from the date a complaint was filed, but not retroactively, and only if the veteran could prove that he had participated in the tests – which proved to be an almost impossible task after millions of military documents were destroyed in a 1973 fire against the National Staff Registration Center. As many as 18 million documents were burned, including 80% of all army personnel discharged between 1912 and 1960.
“They hoped for it
would have died sooner or would have been one of those guys who surrendered ”
says Anthony Bolden, Hank’s son. “No thanks. Hank doesn’t have it.”
After paying her
own pocket for a polygraph lie detector pouch, Hank eventually claimed
approved, setting a precedent for other atomic veterans whose records were
Photo: Hidden story: the atomic veterans of America
Hit a high note
“The love of music has
I’ve always been there. “
After his honorable discharge
from the army, Bolden went to work as an engineer before deciding to pursue a
career as a jazz musician who works while his family grows. Tell the story
while cradling the tenor saxophone that has been at his side since 1967. The “Rolls
Royce “of tools, he says.
The brand is Selmer. IS
in a strange coincidence, the model is a 6 sign. It is the same name as the shot
Wasp atomic bomb design.
But this is where the
the similarities end. The bomb was his nightmare. Music, his dream and his
outlet to work through the trauma of what lived in Nevada
“It’s like the blood inside
my veins. It takes away all my other thoughts, “he says
Bolden is finally
he receives compensation from the government and is now using it to help make his dream come true.
He returned to school, studying jazz performances at Hartt University of Hartford
“They are like the relic
here with all these kids, you know, “he chuckles.
Professor Javon Jackson
says that the 82-year-old is leaving a unique mark on the prestigious program.
“He has a lot of emotion,” says Jackson. “He is a very bluesy, very full of feeling, a natural player. His life, wisdom and the things he has acquired allow him to play the way it sounds.”
The vast majority of
Today, the American atomic veterans of the atmospheric test era are gone. About
400,000 veterans were present during these tests, according to the veterans
Administration. Survivors’ numbers vary, from around 10,000 to 80,000
Bolden believes he is one of only two surviving African American atomic veterans who are recognized and receive compensation from the government. He is on a mission to reach as many survivors as possible and help them request the long-awaited recognition and compensation.
And he’s sharing his story, he says, to make sure the plight of American atomic veterans is no longer ignored.
“When people like me pass by, this won’t be part of the story unless someone makes sure it’s kept alive.”