While Italy is, to date, the most bereaved country in Europe by the coronavirus epidemic with a total of 11,500 deaths, the figures announced by the Ministry of Health, Monday, March 30, allow glimpse a thinning.
The increase in new infected cases was 4%, half as much as four days ago and four times less than two weeks ago. The number of positive people in Lombardy, the most affected region, fell: 25,006 people declared on Monday, against 25,392 on Sunday, even if in this region in particular, the number of deaths remains very high (812). But the number of people healed is encouraging, 1,590 for Monday, the strongest daily toll since the start of the epidemic.
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Hope for Italy?
Even if it takes several days to see a solid trend emerge, ” we can reasonably hope that Italy is on the downward slope, at least in terms of the number of infections “Says Pascal Crépey, teacher-researcher at the Graduate School of Public Health (EHESP). “SIf we look at the number of new positive cases, we see that it is on the third day of decline, after a plateau of several days. “
This improvement does not, however, mean that Italy is out of the crisis. The Italian authorities call for caution and the continuity of containment measures. The Italian Minister of Health, Roberto Speranza, announced Monday evening the extension of the confinement ” at least until Easter ” In an interview with the Spanish daily El Pais, Italian Prime Minister Guiseppe Conte said that the relief will be ” very progressive ” and only ” when the scientific committee says the curve starts to go down. “
Mistakes at first but Italian solidarity
On February 22, as Italy recorded its first official deaths, the country suddenly seemed to be hit by the crisis only in early March. ” The opacity of Chinese power has caused the danger in Europe to be underestimated. The Italians were the first affected and had to put in place, sometimes in a contradictory and muddled way, a plan “Explains Jean-Pierre Darnis, scientific advisor at the Istituto Affari Internazionali of Rome and lecturer at the University of Nice.
On March 7, following the start of an epidemic outbreak in the Lombardy region, containment measures were put in place, followed a few days later by national containment. Meanwhile, the flight of Italians from the North, especially the Milanese, to the South contributed to the spread of the virus.
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The Italian government also had to deal with the peculiarity of a very regionalized health system, as Jean-Pierre Darnis explains again: ” There was a problem of coordination and discrepancies. The government sought to establish a national strategy, but first had to reach a consensual agreement with each region, which has its own health authority. “
Beyond the measures taken by the government, and despite some shortcomings in anticipating the crisis, ” we must not forget the momentum of solidarity shown by Italy “Underlines again the scientific adviser,” there is an ethical Italy, with a Christian moral which includes a united network of associations, private hospitals, nursing staff who give themselves to care for the population ” Many Italian municipalities on Tuesday March 31 at noon observed a minute of silence and raised the tricolor at half-mast. A gesture made in memory of the victims of Covid-19 and in tribute to the nursing staff.