very cheap and long-known drugs help save the lungs with coronavirus

Cloving hospital on the basis of the Medical Scientific and Educational Center (ISSC) Moscow State University named after M.V.Lomonosov took the first patients on April 21 and completed his work on June 13. It turned out that it was possible to achieve the best treatment results for COVID-19 in Moscow. Over the entire period, 4 patients died, and among severe patients who got mechanical ventilation, the mortality rate was less than 14% (for comparison, the average for the city and the world was up to 70 – 80%). Eighteen doctors out of 220 employees of the hospital were infected with coronavirus, there were no deaths among the medical staff.

What approaches were used at the University Hospital of Moscow State University to achieve such results? We continue the conversation with the head. Department of Therapy, Faculty of Fundamental Medicine, Moscow State University, Head of the Department of Age-Associated Diseases, Medical Scientific and Educational Center, Doctor of Medical Sciences, Cardiologist Yana Orlova.

MEDICINE FOR COUGH FOR 80 RUBLES

– Most of those who are ill or are afraid to get sick are worried about fibrotic changes in their lungs. They say that you have developed special therapy that can reduce the risk of developing fibrosis. Is it possible?!

– Yes, we launched an appropriate clinical study. There are no final results yet, but we have developed clinical practice.

“What did you do to save the lungs?”

– We used a combination of bromhexine and spironolactone (both are long-known very cheap drugs. – Ed.). Bromhexine is an expectorant that has been prescribed to patients with pneumonia and cough for many years. At the same time, experimental data showed that this drug can block a specific enzyme and impede the penetration of coronavirus into cells. True, it was on this effect that we counted to a lesser extent in inpatients, since such an effect is important mainly in the early stages of the disease. But the expectorant effect of bromhexine really helps patients with COVID. I heard that our colleagues in Peter launched a study of bromhexine for prophylactic purposes. We will wait for the results.

Coronavirus infected 18 doctors from 220 employees of the hospital, there were no deaths among the medical staffPhoto: Ivan MAKEEV

FIBROSIS OBSTACLE

– The second drug – spironolactone – is traditionally widely used in cardiology for the treatment of heart failure, severe hypertension. It has a small diuretic, magnesium and potassium-preserving effect, continues Yana. Orlova. – It has several mechanisms through which it can be useful in coronavirus infection.

Firstly, a mechanism that prevents the development of fibrosis in general in the body. There are works that, in particular, show that spironolactone reduces fibrosis in the heart. At the same time, it is known that the tendency to fibrosis is not local, but systemic – where there is more inflammation, there will certainly be fibrosis. And we see, of course, fibrotic changes in the “covide” in our patients. Therefore, we prescribed spironolactone as a drug for the prevention of this process.

Secondly, this drug blocks sex hormone receptors, in particular testosterone. Some published studies suggest that “high-testosterone” men suffer from “covid” more often and develop more severe fibrotic changes. Therefore, blocking these receptors for several weeks during COVID treatment may be useful in reducing the severity of complications. We are not talking about a longer intake, since male patients are unlikely to agree with a decrease in testosterone levels in the long term.

And perhaps the most important point. In almost all of our patients, we observed hypokalemia (a decrease in potassium levels. – Ed.). With coronavirus infection, potassium is intensely excreted from the body, and scientific articles even suggest that hypokalemia serves as the trigger for a cytokine storm. So spironolactone has a real chance to reduce the risk of this dangerous complication. But the main thing, in my opinion, is that lowering the level of potassium in the body is extremely harmful to the heart and triggers life-threatening rhythm disturbances, increasing the risk of sudden death. We, like all others, replenished potassium with droppers, but it was more effective to retain it in the body with the help of spironolactone.


Men certainly get worse than women;  the elderly are heavier than the young;  overweight people are heavier than patients without excess weight Photo: Ivan MAKEEV

Men certainly get worse than women; the elderly are heavier than the young; overweight people are heavier than overweight patientsPhoto: Ivan MAKEEV

WHEN PRESCRIBED PATIENTS

– Yana Arturovna, how many patients did you have on average?

– About 10 – 14 days. But someone and 50 days.

– Have you noticed signs by which it can be assumed that the disease in the person brought is likely to go the hard way?

– Such studies were carried out in the world, our clinical practice confirmed them. Men certainly get worse than women; the elderly are heavier than the young; overweight people are heavier than overweight patients. Men with a classic male type of baldness, a lot of facial hair, we can say brutal men get sick harder.

– Under what conditions did you discharge patients?

– We acted as close as possible to the recommendations Ministry of Health: so that the temperature for three days was not higher than 37.5 degrees; so that C-reactive protein (an indicator of inflammation) is lower than 10 mg / l, and saturation, that is, the level of oxygen in the blood, is higher than 96%.

“HEAD OF EPIDEMIOLOGY DEPARTMENT OF ITSELF WORKED AT SANPROPUSNIK”

– How often do you get sick doctors and nurses?

– In the first month no one got sick at all. We have a very powerful epidemiological service. The head of the sanitary-epidemiological department, a senior researcher, correctly organized the whole process, and for the first two weeks she personally worked in the sanitary inspection room at the exit from the “red zone” and helped doctors and nurses who were exhausted after the shift safely remove protective clothing.

Then both people’s fatigue and viral load accumulated. By the middle of the second month, sick people began to appear. There were no seriously ill patients. We treated part of the staff in our observation, part of it was treated at home. In total, 18 people were infected from the medical staff (less than 10%).

– Doctors take something for prevention? Vitamins C, D, Zinc?

– I saw the recommendations of American nutritionists, they speak out positively about taking zinc, melatonin and vitamin C. There were somewhat conflicting data on vitamin D. But we did not give any such recommendations to our employees. We have all the prevention was associated with minimizing contacts and other measures of epidemiological safety.

Physicians are the heroes of our time.“If you think that you are special and that a pandemic will not affect you, you are deeply mistaken,” listen to what the doctors who are fighting with coronavirus say

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Nadezhda Babkina sang Victory Day, despite voice problems after illness

Hope Babkina only recently discharged from the hospital after a serious illness. The 70-year-old singer was hospitalized with severe pneumonia. And although the tests did not show in her coronavirus, friends of the artist are sure that she became a victim of a pandemic. Nadezhda Georgievna spent several days in a coma, on a ventilator, with a pipe in her throat. After such a procedure, the voice is restored far from immediately – it would seem that there is no time for singing. But Babkina did not break the long tradition and on May 9 sang the song “Victory Day” for fans. She shared the video on Instagram.

– Happy Victory Day, friends! – congratulated the artist subscribers.

The singer’s voice after illness has not yet gained full strength, but her colleagues at the Russian Song Theater came to her aid. Together they sang the famous hit in honor of the Great Victory. In the general sonorous chorus, Nadezhda Georgievna’s voice sounding with a slight hoarse sound is easily guessed.

The artist filmed the video in her house near Moscow, where she wakes up after discharge from the hospital.

“About 80% of the lungs were affected … Everything covered with film and dragged on there: it’s such an infection, it manifests itself very quickly and starts to work,” Babkina told of her illness.

Before discharge, computed tomography showed that Nadezhda Georgievna still affected 40% of the lungs. During rehabilitation, doctors prescribed her a special course of treatment (pills and injections) and breathing exercises. Babkin goes to the nearby Lapino hospital for procedures. By the way, another star patient who underwent coronavirus, Stas, was also treated in it. Mikhailov.

According to doctors, it can take a long time to restore the voice after such a disease: after a coronavirus and mechanical ventilation, it may not be able to listen to the patient for a long time, it sounds dull and hoarse.

– This is due to a change in the mucous membrane of the respiratory tract and cough. A prolonged cough has always been considered one of the risk factors for the formation of voice disturbance, ”saidKP»Phonator Ekaterina Osipenko. – How big the risk is depends on the severity of the patient’s condition, his presence on the ventilator. Patients who underwent tracheotomy – an operation to install a tracheotomy tube for long-term mechanical ventilation, also have a risk of voice changes in the future.

Happy Victory Day, friends! @rpfolk # Nadezhdababkina #Russian song #HymnWinning

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how Nadezhda Babkina restores health after pneumonia

Nadezhda Babkina on May 9 will certainly perform Victory songs. This time thousands of spectators will not applaud her – we celebrate the main holiday in self-isolation mode. And Nadezhda Georgievna herself is recovering after a serious illness, therefore she saves herself – there will be concerts, but later. But “Victory Day” will certainly sound in the house of the national artist. We tell how Babkina regains her health after being discharged from the hospital.

Recall that Nadezhda Georgievna was hospitalized with pneumonia, for almost a month we were worried about her health. The treatment required the introduction of an artist into a coma, Babkina coped, doctors saved the life of Nadezhda Georgievna – and now she is already at home. The situation was very serious. Nadezhda Babkina told about the course of the disease in Let They Talk, immediately after hospitalization and computed tomography of her lungs, she was transferred to intensive care:

“About 80% of the lungs were affected … Everything covered with film and dragged on: it’s such an infection, it manifests itself very quickly and starts working …” Later, the artist found out that at some point the situation became very serious: “The question was acute at the time the kidneys stopped working. Why? Details did not tell me. Probably it was scary, there were a lot of problems with me … “

Before discharge, CT showed that lung damage, according to the singer, decreased to 40%. Now Nadezhda Georgievna is not in a Moscow apartment, but in her country house in the suburbs. Therefore, she goes to special Lapino hospital for special physiotherapeutic procedures to restore lung function and rehabilitation. At discharge, the artist was prescribed home recovery (for 20 days): pills, injections – the artist tells her colleagues what she can do herself. Doctors ordered Babkin to do breathing exercises.

Nadezhda Georgievna says that the exercises are not easy, they are dizzy after them, but the artist is not lazy: she does it every day, because it’s important for the profession to restore the lungs as soon as possible. “Since we are singing, I have light accordions (squeezed – unclenched),” Babkina communicates with her colleagues and friends over the telephone — her voice is normal.

Nadezhda Babkina walks a lot – she lives in a country house (the singer was taken to the hospital from her Moscow apartment), and she came to rehab for fresh air outside Moscow. The actress is accompanied by a nurse Allochka – now the first assistant to Nadezhda Georgievna. “A beautiful little girl, Allochka, looked after me in the hospital, as though she was young, and hands like sledgehammers — I think all four will fall down. And she dragged me. From the bed to the toilet (I couldn’t walk). And – night is not night, she just lived with me, ”Babkina got used to her nurse. And Allochka went to her house – to help recover.

She goes to physiotherapy with her son, and Assistant Allochka is always nearby at home. Civilian husband Yevgeny Gor also raises spirits – he and his Hope have been 17 years old.

“He protects me, worships!” – the artist praises her Zhenya. There is something to praise – Gore kept the defense of journalists for a month: not a single interview or comment on Babkina’s health until she wrote out. Immediately after Nadezhda’s discharge, Eugene breathed a sigh of relief, and even cut himself off for joy! The precautions for self-isolation in this family are followed very strictly. Now Babkina even before washing her hands washes: he touches his face only with clean hands.

Nadezhda Babkina with common-law husband Eugene GorePhoto: Personal page of the hero of publication in social networks

The house has a special lamp that disinfects the air. The device for air disinfection in the rooms of Babkina was presented for an anniversary – even before the illness. Now come in handy! In March, Nadezhda Georgievna celebrated her 70th birthday; she is going to celebrate lavishly in the fall, when they are allowed to hold events. For the anniversary, the singer lost 23 kg in three and a half months: food was delivered to her ready diet. And in the hospital she dropped it again: I didn’t want to eat. Now she eats fully: as she began to recover she suddenly wanted sauerkraut.

Nadezhda Georgievna is not bored at home: the collective of her theater “Russian Song”, like all artists on self-isolation, but Babkina is engaged in current affairs, in touch with her employees. In the hospital, I didn’t communicate with anyone from friends: only with relatives, and when I got better, I watched TV. But now it receives calls and congratulations, we can say that with a second birth. Babkina says that she gave herself the command not to be afraid, to completely trust the doctors as soon as I entered the hospital: “When I looked in my eyes Shapovalenko Tatyana Vladimirov (the chief physician of the Medsi Design Bureau in Otradnoye – approx. Aut.) said that I believe you – my life is in your hands. ”

Recovery will not be quick – this artist understands, does not deny: no one knows yet – what consequences can be after an illness. But now there is more good news: according to the results of the analyzes, the doctors said that the immune system is restored.

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Photo of Nadezhda Kadysheva without Photoshop shocked fans

The star of the folk song theater “Golden Ring” Nadezhda Kadysheva invariably delighted admirers of her talent with a well-groomed appearance. Intricate hairstyles, vibrant outfits, catchy makeup – at 60, the singer carefully monitors her stage image. Hope appears from time to time on the covers of glossy magazines, and on the posters of the Golden Ring theater she invariably shines with youth and beauty. What was the surprise of Instagram users when they saw fresh pictures of the artist without photoshop. In the photographs, Kadysheva looks very tired and sharply aged.

Dark circles under the eyes and an extinct look shocked the fans of the Russian folk song and made them worry. On the Web they discuss: is everything all right with the health of Hope, and does it hide some kind of illness? However, perhaps the artist in recent months has overworked – before Russia the pandemic seized, and all concerts were canceled, Kadysheva had a very busy tour schedule. Fans wish her health and hope that the artist will take advantage of the period of self-isolation in order to properly relax.

New photos of Nadezhda Kadysheva surprised her fans.

Instagram users compare Nadezhda Kadysheva with her colleague, singer Nadezhda Babkina. Nadezhda Georgievna is 10 years older than Kadysheva, but she looks much younger. Probably the whole thing is plastic surgery: Babkina does not hide the fact that the surgeon’s scalpel helped wipe her face for several years and extended her youth. She made a circular facelift and blepharoplasty, lifting her eyelids and removing wrinkles around her eyes.

With her husband and colleague in the ensemble “Golden Ring” Alexander Kostyuk Nadezhda Kadysheva has been living for 37 years – they got married in 1983. This is a rare example of family longevity in show business. At couples have an adult son.

The singer looks tired. Perhaps the reason for this is a busy tour schedule.

Doctors more than once saved the singer and literally pulled her out of the next world. At 30 years old her found a breast tumor, for two years she lived between life and death – Hope was sure that she would die from oncology. But during the operation, the diagnosis was not confirmed. The next time doctors saved the artist when she was 49 years old: he almost died of acute tachycardia. Doctors miraculously prevented a heart attack.

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Nadezhda Babkina appeared in public after a serious illness

Nadezhda Babkina has been at home for 24 hours. The 70-year-old singer was discharged from the hospital, where she spent a month, on the eve of May Day. Nadezhda Georgievna decided to record a video for her fans, first introduced to the public after a serious illness.

Nadezhda Babkina left the hospital on April 30. The queen of Russian song was met by beloved Eugene Gore. Now the singer is at home, in a circle of relatives. All this time, while doctors fought for the artist’s life, the public sent health rays to their favorite. Ordinary Russians, friends of the star, as well as colleagues in show business did not hide that they prayed for Babkin.

The celebrity decided to appear before the public a few hours after discharge. She recorded a video in which she thanked everyone and called on to take care of herself and loved ones. Seems to be, Babkina not yet fully recovered from a serious illness. In the frame, she sits in an armchair. She is wearing a burgundy tracksuit.

“My dears, I am so glad that I can communicate with you and say the most sincere words of gratitude. Yes, I have passed the test. I don’t want to pass this to anyone. But who knows where this infection is and where it is attached to. You don’t have to find out “You just need to clearly follow the rules that were invented for us. My good ones, let’s take care of each other, understand, compassion and sympathy. The test is very difficult and difficult,” the vocalist addressed the subscribers.

The disease has changed Nadezhda Babkina

She noted that was able to get out thanks to folk love and prayers. “A terrible situation. But all the time I heard you call me, speak, support. I sincerely love you all, because my life is connected with you. I’m at home, recovering. I am grateful to the doctors who were always there,” added the artist. At the end of the appeal, she wished all health and sent a kiss.

Fans are very happy that their idol is finally at home. However, they note that the disease hit their pet hard.

“I’ve lost weight somehow. It seems that you’ve gotten very well,” “Do not be sick anymore. We were very worried about you!” , “Love you very much! “,” God, how poor I am, poor thing. Get better, please, “write excited followers.

Recall that Nadezhda Babkina was urgently hospitalized on April 1 in one of the capital’s clinics. The leader of the “Fashion sentence” was taken away from the apartment in the center Moscow in serious condition. Doctors diagnosed her with “bilateral pneumonia.” For a long time, the singer was in intensive care, she was introduced to a medical coma. After the singer regained consciousness, she ate through a special probe and breathed using a tracheostomy tube.

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Sant Jordi: Calm on the street, bustle on the net

Empty streets in an unusual Sant Jordi, with a calm and silence that contrasts with the usual frenzy of the day. Not a trace of books and roses, beyond those distributed these days by the establishments that serve at home, and even less than the agglomerations of rambling badocs in areas that are traditionally the epicenter of activity every April 23rd.

In one of those days when grays rise and that would have made florists and booksellers suffer, Girona woke up with a silence that has already become the norm since the beginning of confinement. Neither in Plaça Catalunya nor in Rambla de Girona, the nerve center of the party, it was noticeable that yesterday was Sant Jordi, because it lacked the usual stopwatch mounting and the traffic of book boxes and flower buckets to have everything ready for the more early-morning shoppers.

While the shutters of shops, bars and restaurants continued to be lowered, the most representative elements of the legend occupied balconies and windows – except in Ripoll, where the dragon went out in a carriage to walk to cheer the town – and the effervescent activity of the day moved to the net to be lived, like all these days, from home.

This is the case of the traditional continuous reading of the work of Josep Pla, which has been organized in Palafrugell for more than a decade. The last winner of the award named after the writer, Laia Aguilar, was in charge of starting the virtual chain of readers, which was closed by the Minister of Culture, Mariàngela Vilallonga, and the President of the Generalitat, Quim Torra, who had 200 participants who sent videos of his speech.

One of the municipalities with the most activity on the net yesterday was in La Bisbal d’Empordà. In addition to the concerts of Miquel Abras and Mazoni and a virtual guided tour, also yesterday awarded the third Empordà Novel Prize, to which some thirty originals have been presented and which has fallen to the journalist Josep Maria Hernández Ripoll for The death of King Gaspart.

The events scheduled throughout the demarcation also involved children, such as the proposal of the Girona Art Museum to look for and paint the dragons represented in its collection; a reading of stories organized by the libraries of Girona or Salt, which suggested that children take photos giving roses to their favorite fictional characters. In Tossa de Mar the city council enabled a Facebook page to share actions, such as a dance from the balconies in collaboration with the Local Police; while in Caldes de Malavella, they proposed to the neighbors a menu with dishes prepared during El Gust de la Paraula, the festival that combines literature and gastronomy.

In Roses they organized the Sant Jordi Confinat festival, with about twenty artists who recorded their creations to spread them on the net; while twenty readers of the Provincial Council libraries enjoyed an individual virtual meeting with the writer Jordi Lara, who improvised a handwritten portrait of each one.

Telematic meetings with authors was another of the unpublished prints of the day; and also the Dalí Foundation joined the virtual celebration of the day, vindicating the literary facet of the Empordà painter or sending love postcards to symbolically skip the quarantine in the most surreal St. George’s Day of all.

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The Booksellers Guild finds few sales in a “sad” St. George’s Day with the “party” of July on the horizon

The Booksellers’ Guild says it has experienced a “sad” Saint George’s Day with “very difficult” feelings, although it says that the day has been “more lively” than expected due to the support that readers have had with the establishments. Online book sales – by Libelista, Llibreries Obertes and direct bookstore websites or channels – have tripled during this Saint George’s Day compared to a normal day. Some data that the president of the Guild, Maria Carme Ferrer, warns that they are very low compared to the sales of a Sant Jordi. “It hasn’t been a St. George’s Day. We’ve moved Book Day to July, which is when we need repercussions,” Ferrer told ACN. The sector considers the quarter economically lost.

The president of the Guild has assured that “it has nothing to do with a Sant Jordi with the shops and the streets full”, after a day in which for the booksellers it has been “very difficult not to feel the nerves of the morning for what time would do “.

Ferrer does not venture to calculate what percentage of sales have been made this St. George’s Day compared to a regular day, when more than 20 million euros are billed. What the Book Chamber has calculated is that the losses are equivalent to those in the first quarter of the year. “Once bookstores had to close, turnover has fallen progressively, an evil to which must be added the cancellation of various forums and festivals and the same Book Day,” the Guild said in a statement.

The president of the Guild has lamented that on a day like today with bookstores closed, there have been establishments such as stationery stores that do not specialize in books that “have been used” to do business in the midst of a pandemic. “I’m sorry that someone can take advantage of these circumstances,” he pointed out.

Although on Book Day postponed to July he does not anticipate that sales can recover, Ferrer is “optimistic” about holding a literary party in which “everyone will enter bookstores.” “If we have to do activities in bookstores all week, we’ll do them, and whatever it takes. It won’t be a normal, ordinary St. George’s Day but it will be a book party,” he said.

Sales to Libelista

Libelista has broken its sales records for St. George’s Day with more than 1,600 books sold during the day. The platform driven by the Booksellers Guild “has exceeded all expectations” and the majority of customers, 67%, have chosen to receive the books at home.

The three best-selling titles in Catalan have been ‘Boulder’ by Eva Baltasar, ‘Canto jo i la muntanya balla’ by Irene Solà and ‘Guillem’ by Núria Cadenes. In Spanish, the best-selling books are ‘La madre de Frankenstein’ by Almudena Grandes, ‘Terra Alta’ by Javier Cercas and ‘La cara norte del corazón’ by Dolores Redondo.

During the confinement Libelista has doubled orders and sold a total of more than 9,000 books.

Open Bookstores

The initiative taken by Òmnium Cultural to buy books in advance Llibreries Obertes has reached 45,000 books sold, an injection of almost one million euros for the 457 participating bookstores. The best-selling books in fiction during this day have been ‘Canto jo i la muntanya balla’ by Irene Solà, ‘Boulder’ by Eva Baltasar, ‘Guillem’, by Núria Cadenes, ‘Que no t’expliquin contes’, by Natza Farré and Sally Rooney’s ‘Normal People’.

In non-fiction, ‘Brave Women’ by Txell Feixas, ‘The strength of the people’ by Jordi Borràs, ‘Sàpiens’ by Yuval Harari, ‘We will do it again’ by Jordi Cuixart and ‘Talking to you about love and freedom’ by Oriol Junqueras.

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The Rambla de Girona still has Sant Jordi confined in silence and emptiness

The Rambla de Girona rose this Thursday with a sepulchral silence which has already become commonplace since the beginning of confinement. Usually, this walk is filled with books and roses, while thousands of people walk up and down. This year, however, there is no trace of the books, nor of the roses, much less of the people. On the other hand, the Diada has moved to the networks, where most Girona city councils and also cultural facilities and entities have proposed telematic activities. Workshops to make paper roses, virtual visits or storytelling on the networks are some of the proposals.

The day has risen partly cloudy in the city of Girona. A bad omen that would have brought the concern of florists and booksellers if this 2020 had been one Saint George normal. A start to the day that would have taken everyone by surprise if the rain would stop and if people would go out to buy the book and the rose anyway. But that feeling has been quite different this year, due to the state of alarm caused by the coronavirus.

The Rambla de Girona has risen calm, humid and silent. Without the usual hustle and bustle of a Sant Jordi in which florists and booksellers set up their stalls against the clock to get everything ready and start selling. Without the comings and goings of boxes full of books and buckets stuffed with roses. This year, the only activity there was the four drops of rain that were still left that night that were slowly draining down the drains.

Meanwhile, the shutters of bookstores, florists, bars, restaurants and other shops were still down. And is that this 2020, the Day has moved in the virtual world to survive the coronavirus pandemic.

Literary proposals and rose workshops

In Girona, the municipal libraries have posted some forty reading proposals which have been made by several well-known people of the city. These are videos that can be viewed on the town hall’s Youtube channel. At 11 in the morning, the libraries have also organized the activity Word box where they try to recover sayings, words, sayings and riddles. In the afternoon, a reading of stories has been scheduled in which Meritxell Yanes has explained ‘Cecilia is looking for the dragon!’.

For its part, the Girona Art Museum has proposed a paper roses workshop and he has also hung some of his paintings where dragons appear so that children can paint them. Everyone who sends them photos of their creations will win a children’s story. In addition, they propose that children look for all the dragons, roses, Saint George and princesses in the museum’s works from a virtual gallery.

In Salt, the Iu Bohigas library proposes the writing of micro-stories and for participants to post it with the hashtag # quinahistòria_salt. They also ask the little ones to upload photos by handing a rose to their favorite story characters and tag them in the library profile.

A Roses, 24 artists from the municipality have recorded a video with different artistic creations. Each of them performs a piece of music, reads a fragment of a play or reads a poem. The video will be available from 6 p.m. At noon, the Library of Roses has organized a reading of a story through the networks.

One of the most active municipalities for this Day is that of la Bisbal d’Empordà. Throughout this week he has asked his neighbors to participate in a bookface contest and today will announce the winners. There will also be several concerts (Miquel Abras from noon and Mazoni from seven in the evening), as well as a virtual musical vermouth. In the afternoon, those who wish can visit the Castle of the municipality through a virtual guided tour.

· See all coronavirus related information

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Home delivery of roses so as not to lose the tradition of Sant Jordi despite the covid-19

Some 200 florists from all over Catalonia have delivered roses at home Sant Jordand not to lose the tradition in spite of the coronavirus. The Guild of Florists has named the initiative #rosadesantjordiacasa and earlier this week it was announced that a “technical collapse “by the number of lawsuits. This is the case of Flors Català de Tàrrega, which on Wednesday did not take any more orders and this Day they distribute 400 roses, 10% of which would be sold in a normal Sant Jordi. The head of the florist, Magda Pedrós, said that although the situation is “complicated” they did not want to miss the opportunity to send a message of “light and energy” with the roses at home.

About 200 florists from all over Catalonia have been involved in the #rosadesantjordiacasa campaign which he has sent to the houses of those who have commissioned the roses for St. George’s Day. Already on Tuesday, the president of the Guild of Florists of Catalonia, Joan Guillén, explained that they had reached a “technical collapse” due to the number of orders they were receiving across the country and the difficulties of working and distributing the flower in the current conditions of lack of staff. This has caused many of the florists to have already closed orders the day before yesterday. The goal set by the Guild was toget to sell about 300,000 roses (5% of the usual), in this Sant Jordi “of minimums”.

Magda Pedrós, from Flors Català in Tàrrega, explained that they had to act quickly to prepare the roses as the stock was quite small and they did not work as in a normal Sant Jordi. In this regard, he noted that in their case they had to prepare a website to manage orders and that this has meant working for them online for the first time. However, in a normal St. George’s Day they usually sell about 4,000 roses from their establishment and this year they will only reach 10% of this figure, with about 400 roses at home, which is the maximum that has been done.

And this Wednesday they had to stop taking orders. According to Pedrós, people’s response has been “correct and good” but late, as many of those who were used to going to the store have not been in time to order the rose, and instead those who have thought of doing it online, if they could.

The need for strengthen security measures for covid-19 nor has he made things easy for this florist, as working with the mask, gloves, and safety distances “is not at all agile.” In addition, only 20% of the staff is available, as the rest are in an ERTO. Pedrós explained that they have enabled the customer service area to be able to work more comfortably when preparing roses.

The price of the rose has not risen despite home delivery in the case of this florist and a basic rose costs 7 euros. Flors Català has not been able to sell all the roses it would have wanted because they have been sold out in Catalonia and its suppliers have not been able to buy more because very few imports have arrived.

“the tradition of giving the rose must be maintained”

Oriol Sala is a resident of Tàrrega who has placed an order for three roses from Flors Català. At quarter past eleven Xavier rang the doorbell and Oriol went down with his young daughter to pick up the three roses. He explained that St. George is a “very important day” and that the tradition of giving the rose “to the women we love cannot be missed“. He has three at home and every year he went to the store to look for them but this year he has opted for home delivery, to continue the tradition without having to leave home and thus ensure safety to curb the coronavirus.

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myth and reality of Saint George forged in war

Madrid

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Is he Sant Jordi rarest in the history of Spain, possibly as a result of the coronavirus. Everything has changed this Thursday for booksellers, publishers and readers, except for the legend that surrounds this day, which has remained unflappable for a millennium. Account this that Saint George It was born in the year 270 in Cappadocia, in present-day Turkey, although it is not really known if it existed. Even so, he is still today one of the most venerated saints in Spain and the rest of Europe.

According to this same legend, it was a Roman soldier from his native region who served the Emperor Diocletian and freed an ancient Libyan city from the jaws of a terrible and stinking dragon. We are talking about the time when Rome was still persecuting Christians. Saint George confessed that he was and, like the rest of Christ’s followers, he was tortured and beheaded by order of the governor Dacian. It is believed that, if it existed, it could have lived between the years 275 and April 23, 303. The date of his death, which coincides with that of the day of the book, marks the name day of the martyr.

The use of symbols representing the saint, the red cross on a white background and the knight sticking his spear at the dragon, is widespread in European heraldry. Saint George is the patron saint of Catalonia and Aragon. In this last autonomous community, the devotion for this saint, presented as the ideal of the Christian knight, acquired special relevance from the 12th century, thanks to military orders, the accounts of the Crusaders and, above all, the Aragonese royal house.

However, it is also the patron saint of Portugal, England, Georgia, Russia and many other cities, regions and countries on the continent. The cross of Saint George, in fact, forms the flags of England and Georgia, and stars in the coats of arms of London, Milan, Barcelona and Almería, among many other cities in Europe. In addition, the scene of the Roman soldier killing the beast is part of the blazons of Aragon, Russia and Georgia.

Santiago de la Vorágine

The popularization of the history of Saint George parallels that of «The golden legend», By blessed Santiago -or Jacobo- of the Maelstrom. This Italian Dominican, who was archbishop of Genoa in the 13th century, brought together in his work the most important collection of lives and legends of saints, among others, the one in question. It is not a history book, it is not a very “scientific” piece, because the only thing that De la Vorágine was after was to promote the religiosity of the faithful of the time.

According to the blessed, Saint George arrived in a Libyan city called Silca whose inhabitants lived in fear of a huge and stinking dragon that was hiding in a nearby lake. The locals dumped two sheep a day into the lake for the monster to feed on, but when it lacked food, the beast made its way to the city and polluted the air with its stench, thus causing the death of many people. The time came when there were hardly any sheep left in the city, and its inhabitants decided to feed the creature with handmaidens chosen by lot. Little by little Silca depopulated itself, until chance chose the king’s daughter. The monarch offered all his riches to save the young woman’s life, but his subjects threatened to kill him if he did not hand her over to the nauseating beast.

De la Maranha tells that when the girl was about to be devoured by the dragon, the saint, mounted on his horse, stabbed his spear at the creature. With the badly wounded beast, Saint George ordered the young woman to tie her up like a dog, and a soldier and a maiden brought the monster to the city. There, Saint George asked the locals to be baptized, and after they did so, he ended up killing the terrible creature. As we have already said, the saint later refused to reject his Christian faith before the Roman authorities, and for this reason he was tortured and beheaded, thus becoming a martyr.

The battle of Alcoraz

In Aragon, however, his figure is related to the Battle of Alcoraz (Huesca) of 1096. A fight in which he helped the army of King Pedro I. A battle also surrounded by legend that tells how the Moorish troops, located in Huesca, sought the help of the King of Zaragoza Almozaben, who went to the site with countless troops. All the mountain nobility with their hosts went to the Christian camp, but the Muslim army was immensely greater. Then Saint George appeared wearing a red cross on his chest and shield, along with another. Finally, the Christians managed to win.

They then looked for the anonymous knight, Saint George, to thank him, since he had disappeared as he had arrived. They found his companion who said that being in Antioch, in the war of the Eastern Crusades, they killed his horse and when he was on the ground, he uttered the war cry “Saint George, to them!” According to legend, he immediately saw a young knight at his side, who mounted him on his horse’s back and flew through the air, transported him from the Holy Land to Aragon, to the plains of Alcoraz to the aid of the Christians of Huesca, contributing to his victory over the Muslims.

The horseman was Saint George, and in the place of battle they erected a hermitage in his honor. Its red cross in a white field was the sign of Aragon and from the Middle Ages it became the patron saint of the Community. Since then, Aragón has honored San Jorge with a multitude of recreational and institutional acts. It is celebrated on April 23, the day of the death of Saint George.

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