The main symptoms COVID-19 in children are fever, diarrhea and vomiting. This is stated in a study group of pediatricians, conducted at four hospitals in Western China. The results published in Plos Medicine.
According to the study, heat or fever occur in 76% of coronavirus-infected children. In 62% of infected children have also recorded a strong cough, and 12% — diarrhea and vomiting. Lung problems from minor occur in the later stages of the disease, follows from the analysis.
In the study, pediatricians examined 34 children aged one month to 12 years. The analysis was conducted from 27 January to 23 February this year. All patients in the current study, rooting COVID-19 easy (18%) or moderate (82%) form.
Pandemic coronavirus. The most current at 18 June
Earlier, in April, Rospotrebnadzor reported that children tolerate coronavirus infection more easily than adults. They longer remain active carriers of the virus, warned in the Department. The most vulnerable to COVID-19 juvenile children are six or seven years, said the Agency.
The first 10 days after the onset of symptoms of the disease, the 38-year-old American was feeling quite well. He was not at risk; he had no chronic diseases.
– The man was examined, the disease was mild. The patient had a slight cough. Therefore, he was sent home for treatment, ”says the head of the Department of Vascular Surgery at Westchester Medical Center Sean Wengerter.
And then the incredible happened.
One morning, a man woke up with icy and numb legs. The body was constrained by terrible weakness; there was not even the strength to get out of bed.
The examination showed that the patient had aortic occlusion – a large blood clot formed in the main artery at the place where the artery diverged in two directions – to the right and left leg. Because of this clot, blood enriched with oxygen did not enter the iliac arteries.
“This is extremely dangerous.” From this can die from 20% to 50% of patients, – notes Vangerter. – But such things are not typical for 38-year-olds.
An emergency operation to remove a blood clot could save the patient’s life. But doctors working with patients with COVID-19 are everywhere faced with rather strange and frightening phenomena in infected patients. For example, the formation of blood clots (actually blood clots) of various sizes throughout the body, renal failure, inflammation of the heart muscle and malfunctions of the immune system.
“Coronavirus occurs in each patient in its own way,” notes Scott Brackenridge, associate professor of emergency surgery at the College of Medicine at the University of Florida. – In some cases, the patient has a problem with breathing, in others, the internal organs begin to fail. In children, the immune system as a whole begins to rebel.
Coronavirus is not just a respiratory diseasePhoto: Ivan MAKEEV
A new type of coronavirus is considered to be a respiratory virus, although it is already becoming obvious – the infection affects the entire human body. The most common symptoms are fever, pneumonia, and acute respiratory distress syndrome.
In this case, the virus attacks some organs directly. First of all, the mucous membrane of blood vessels, which entails unnatural coagulation of blood.
– COVID-19 provokes a local inflammatory reaction that leads to the formation of blood clots, – explains Wengerter. – This is due to the direct effect of the virus on the arteries.
A number of doctors recorded strokes in young patients with coronavirus, as well as the formation of blood clots in the lungs. Blood clots were found even in the smallest vessels.
“Since each organ feeds on blood vessels, and the virus attacks them first and foremost, we end up with damage to internal organs,” adds Dr. Scott Brackenridge.
Another serious symptom that is observed in some patients who become ill with the new coronavirus is the “co-fingers.” The infected toes swell, becoming red or purple. It is possible that the reason for this is blockage of blood vessels. But doctors say that usually this does not have serious consequences.
One of the most alarming reactions to COVID-19 is observed in children. It has already been named as a children’s multisystem inflammatory syndrome. In newYork Doctors have identified more than 100 cases.
This syndrome is characterized by a rather long fever, inflammatory process, malfunction of one or more internal organs, as well as the general condition, which is usually observed with shock. Pediatricians also compare these symptoms with the syndrome. Kawasaki.
Kawasaki syndrome is a rare disease that affects children aged 3 to 10 years. It is characterized by damage to the medium and small arteries, thrombosis, the formation of aneurysms and rupture of the vascular wall. Cases of infection are rare. However, recently, doctors have noted an increase in the number of patients with this syndrome.
Both childhood multisystem inflammatory syndrome and Kawasaki syndrome lead to an overly aggressive immune system response to coronavirus. This may be accompanied by inflammation of the blood vessels and heart muscle.
However, scientists note that coronavirus is not able to cause a strong immune response, but, on the contrary, suppress the entire immune system. And this can allow the infection to freely attack the internal organs.
Partly this theory was confirmed by Chinese experts, led by Dr. Zhang Zhang. Scientists analyzed samples of immune cells taken from the lungs of 9 patients infected with coronavirus. The results of the study showed an abnormally high level of leukocytes – macrophages and neutrophils responsible for the destruction of harmful pathogen – in severe patients. At the same time, these patients had a rather low level of CD8 T cells, which are called killer cells. They are responsible for killing virus-infected cells.
But doctors are reassuring, noting that they have drugs that can thin the blood, and also help the work of white blood cells that resist infection.
Sergey Mardan: In the USA, the clinic would simply go broke if the ventilator apparatus exploded and people died
For cough and fever: this is how you behave correctly now
For weeks we have been reading and listening to news about the new corona virus SARS-CoV-2, the cause of the lung disease COVID-19. But what exactly should be done if you suddenly experience symptoms like yourself to cough or fever occur?
The most important thing in advance: if next to cough and fever If you also experience any of the following symptoms, please get medical help immediately on 112:
Shortness of breath,
persistent pain or chest pressure,
emerging confusion or inability to stand up
bluish lip or face color
For symptoms other than those mentioned here, please always seek help if you consider the symptoms to be threatening or very serious.
Important: Let the phone know that you may have COVID-19 and, if possible, put on a protective mask as soon as help arrives.
1. How do I know if I have CODIV-19?
The only way to reliably find out if you have one a flu-like infection or has COVID-19 is performing a test. However, the capacities for these tests are limited.
The Federal Center for Health Education (BZgA) provides information on the new type of corona virus on a special website and explains how the decision for or against testing is made. If in addition to disease symptoms such as to cough or fever The following points apply to you, a test is advisable:
“If you are ill and have had close contact with someone who has had coronavirus detected in the laboratory in the past 14 days, if you have signs of illness such as shortness of breath and you belong to a risk group: So you have a previous illness or are older than 60 years if you have signs of illness and come into contact with people at work or volunteer who are at high risk of serious illnesses and need special protection; for example in the doctor’s office, in the hospital or in geriatric care, ”says the BZgA.
If you can answer “yes” to any of these three points, please call the responsible health department, your family doctor’s office or get more information on telephone number 116117.
Danger: Regardless of whether a test is being carried out or not, you should currently look at symptoms such as to cough, fever, Sore throat or shortness of breath isolate yourself as a precaution, i.e. put in quarantine.
This also applies if you have no symptoms, but have had close contact with a person who has tested positive for corona in the past 14 days.
2. Stay home
The CDC advises to only leave the house or apartment during quarantine or self-isolation in order to receive medical care. Most people who develop COVID-19 have a mild course of the disease and do not need special medical care. It is usually enough to rest and drink enough water.
If you need medical advice or support, call your GP, 116117 or 112 in an emergency.
3. Keep your distance from other people in your apartment
Contact with family members, roommates, or pets should be kept to an absolute minimum, the American health agency recommends:
“Stay in a specific room as far as possible and away from other people and pets in your home. You should also use a separate bathroom, if available. If you have to be in or outside the home with other people or animals, wear a fabric face cover. ”
4. Monitor your symptoms
You should keep a close eye on yourself and watch for changes in your health. If you are in contact with your family doctor or the health department, follow the instructions.
Here, too, the CDC advises: If you experience breathing difficulties, you should seek medical help.
5. Always call doctors’ offices beforehand
You can only see doctors if they are unavoidable. In this case, the American health authority recommends: “If you have a doctor’s appointment that cannot be postponed, call your doctor’s office and say that you have or could have COVID-19. This will help practice to protect yourself and other patients. “
6. Wear mouth protection when in contact with others
If you can’t avoid being around other people or animals, the CDC advises nose and mouth to be covered with a protective mask made of fabric. If you don’t have a face mask, improvise with a cloth.
If you suffer from breathing difficulties and therefore cannot put on a mask, to cough and be sure to sneeze into a tissue or the crook of your arm. In any case, keep a distance of at least 1.5 meters from others to protect them from infection.
7. Ensure good cough and sneeze hygiene
The pathogens are transmitted by droplet infection, mainly in the to cough or sneeze. Therefore, you should mouth and your nose cover with a cloth if you need to cough or sneeze.
It is best to use paper handkerchiefs and dispose of them after a single use in a trash can, which is lined with a trash bag. This bag should be changed regularly.
The CDC advises to do so immediately after to cough, Sneezing or blowing your nose hands wash: “Wash your hands immediately with soap and water for at least 20 seconds. If soap and water are not available, clean your hands with an alcohol-based hand disinfectant that contains at least 60% alcohol. ”
8. Wash your hands frequently
In general, you should consider your hands Now wash more often than usual, every time for at least 20 seconds with soap and water. “This is especially important after you blow your nose, cough, or sneeze, go to the bathroom, and before you eat or prepare food,” says the United States Department of Health. If soap and water are not available, use hand disinfectants if possible.
“Use an alcohol-based hand disinfectant with at least 60% alcohol that covers all surfaces of your hands and rub your hands together until they feel dry,” the CDC recommended.
Since the infection with the new corona virus can probably also be caused by smear infection, you should not share household items with others. This includes glasses, cups, plates, cutlery, but also towels and bedding.
After use, you should thoroughly clean dishes with water and detergent or put them directly in the dishwasher. Towels and bedding should be changed and washed regularly.
10. Clean frequently touched surfaces daily
In order to avoid infection by smear infection, the CDC gives tips for cleaning surfaces with which you come into frequent contact. According to the CDC, this includes telephones, remote controls, medical measuring devices, table tops, door handles, bathroom fittings, toilets, keyboards, tablets and bedside tables:
“Clean and disinfect touch-intensive surfaces in your ‘sick room’ and bathroom. Let someone else clean and disinfect the surfaces in common areas, but not your bedroom and bathroom. If a caregiver or other person needs to clean and disinfect a sick person’s bedroom or bathroom, they should do so as needed. The caregiver / other person should wear a mask and wait as long as possible after the sick person has used the bathroom. “
Household cleaners and disinfectants should be used for cleaning, the CDC continues: “Clean the area or object with soap and water or another cleaning agent if it is dirty. Then use a household disinfectant. Make sure you follow the directions on the label to ensure safe and effective use of the product. Many products recommend keeping the surface moist for several minutes to ensure germ kill. Many also recommend precautions such as wearing gloves and good ventilation while using the product. ”
If necessary, find out in your family doctor’s office or on 116117 which cleaning agents and disinfectants are effective against the virus.
11. When can I remove the quarantine or self-isolation?
The local health department decides when you can leave the quarantine.
The Asturian pilot of Fernando Alonso, double Formula 1 world champion, feels “renewed energy” to face his next sports projects. Alonso yesterday had a meeting through Instagram with the ex-cyclist and technical director of the Vuelta a España, Kiko García, in which he revealed that he has spent a few days “a little chubby, with discomfort and something with fever. But now I am fine” .
The talk between Kiko and Alonso took place on the Instagram profile “La Bicicleta Café Castellón” and in it he said that, despite not being clear about his future, he still “wants to be active” and “in the short term”, if he can , “get the idea clear”. Alonso recalled his time on the Dakar, “a very beautiful experience”. He considered it “a challenge” and “a somewhat risky adventure”, and acknowledged that “it is very stressful to find yourself every ten seconds with a new adventure” because it is not known what the desert dunes may bring.
The double world champion stated that karting is his preferred form of motor sport. “It is like your first love” and “it is very marked for you,” he assured. Regarding the automobile season, he stated that he sees it “very much in the air” due to the coronavirus pandemic. “It is a very difficult situation for everyone,” he stressed. “The important thing now is health. It is time to prioritize health and then come out strengthened and united. It is also the time for this to teach us things,” he added.
EFirst the throat scratches, and a little later you are already in the intensive care unit and are ventilated. There are a lot of reports and readings about people suffering from Covid-19 these weeks, often about those who have been hard hit by lung disease. The reports frighten many who have not yet been infected with the coronavirus that triggers the disease. How bad will it get if you get caught?
Not so bad for most that they have to go to the clinic. Federal Minister of Health Jens Spahn said on Friday that six out of seven sufferers in Germany have not yet had to be admitted to hospital.
From international surveys it is known that the disease is not life-threatening in 80 percent of cases and can be cured at home – if you take a few things into account.
They drooled. Sweat. Coughed. Sometimes kept a log of their symptoms. They managed their fear or considered making a will. But they survived. With or without antibiotics. With or without the famous chloroquine of which the Marseille professor Didier Raoult extols the merits. “98% of people recover”, recalls Jérôme Salomon, the director general of health who, since March 17, gives every day the number of Covid-19 patients discharged from the hospital, while comforting the litany of deaths (Wednesday evening, there were nearly 31 000 “cured” discharged from hospital). With data from the hospital environment, “We must add the probable tens of thousands of cured people in town“, Underlines the general direction of health.
Are these survivors now immune? If yes, for how long? The question remains thorny (read page 6-7). Have they all been really infected with the virus? If some have been tested, many have had to rely on a diag
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The alert was given by social networks. Africans living in Canton have recently posted a series of videos and information which testify to the discrimination they face from the population and the Chinese authorities because of the fight against the coronavirus pandemic .
A series of shocking measures
Evictions from apartments, hotels, restaurants and shops that are forbidden to them, administrative harassment, quarantine in very precarious conditions, the daily life of part of the Africans of this metropolis of 15 million inhabitants of the province of Guangdong (south ) has become a Stations of the Cross.
→ LIVE. Coronavirus: Schools won’t “reopen overnight” on May 11
Among the images widely disseminated on social networks, those of Africans forced to sleep outside, of a Kenyan woman telling about her living conditions while crying, the scene of a violent argument between an African couple and Chinese merchants in Wuhan.
Fear of a second wave
These behaviors occur in a tense context in China. While Beijing has succeeded in officially stemming the Covid-19 pandemic, it fears a new contamination, this time from abroad: which would paralyze the return to economic and social life initiated since the beginning of the month in April in most Chinese provinces.
Suspicion against the Africans was openly expressed in Canton after the publication of a municipal press release revealing that five Nigerians, positive for Covid-19, had not respected their quarantine, preferring to go to public places and to restaurants. An attitude immediately denounced on Chinese social networks leading to a surge of racist comments on “Blacks” and the “lower race”.
In the latest survey of new Covid-19 cases registered in Canton, Thursday, April 9, of the 114 “imported” cases, there were only 16 Africans. A figure that did not stop the outbreak of racist fever in China.
A great emotion in Africa
These images and words raised a wave of anti-Chinese protests and slogans in English-speaking Africa, first of all, in Kenya and Nigeria. The hashtags #chinagohome or #BringKenyansInChinaBackHomme have, in turn, ignited the African web. The Kenyan press gave voice to the victims of Chinese racism in Canton, testimonies taken up by CNN.
The chairman of the African Union (AU) commission, Moussa Faki Mahamat, was also moved by this situation. He informed on Twitter that his “The Office has invited the Chinese Ambassador to the AU, Mr. Liu Yuxi, to express (its) extreme concern over the allegations of ill-treatment of Africans in Guangzhou (Canton)”, and to call “To immediate corrective measures, in line with our excellent relations”.
Critics picked up by Washington
The United States did not remain silent in this matter. Saturday April 11, they denounced the “Xenophobia of the Chinese authorities”. ” Abuse and Ill-treatment of Africans Living and Working in China Sadly Reminds How Hollow the Partnership Between the People’s Republic of China and Africa “A spokesperson for the US State Department told AFP.
” At a time when we should support each other to overcome a pandemic that Chinese officials have irresponsibly hidden from the world, Chinese officials are devoting themselves to putting African students on the street without food or shelter. “, He lamented.
→ READ. The United States plays Taiwan against China
Faced with this outcry, the spokesman of the Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Zhao Lijian, tried to calm the spirits by publishing a press release, Sunday, April 12, in which he ensures that ” Guangdong authorities attach great importance to the concerns recently raised by some of our African friends ”, and that they “Strive to refine and improve their working methods without delay. “
On Twitter, the hashtags “#chinagohome”, “#BringKenyansInChinaBackHome” or “ChinaMustExplain” were always in good position on African social networks.
Scar Beamud worked at the Tormes tavern with his mother. “I’ll take it at the bar,” in anticipation of the state of alarm, says a friend.
Official statistics say that only 0.2% of those killed by coronavirus are under the age of 30. Hardly a handful of cases in the awful tide, but always shocking.
scar BeamudHe no longer resisted the severe pneumonia and died on April 5, with only 25 years and an attempt to comeback that could not be. Your little sister,Light blue, he was narrating in the last days in thechatof the friends some improvement, after spending the canals in the ICU of theVila hospital.
There he got pretty bad, after fever days, visits to the health center of his town,The Ship of vila, and an ambulance on the run to the walled city. “He told us that Saturday[4 de abril]They were going to wake him up, which had gotten better with a treatment. The news was good … And suddenly … “, his friend narrates with anguishIvn,Pinchiin the gang.
On Sunday, Scar entered the auger, with no solution. “Previous risk factors”, point out from the hospital center, upon confirming his death. From their environment, they reduce buts to overweight and loose cigarettes. Nothing else.
“He was very good. He was a strong kid, okay, but he had never had problems,” he says.Adolfo, sincethe clipper, bar competition and at the same time friend ofTormes, the one with scar and his mother, in charge for barely a year. The two, after passing through the kitchen of theBellavista Hostel, on the main road, they had taken over this tavern that was in full growth. Her father dispatched at a butcher shop upstairs.
“Those days came a lot of tourism”
“They worked very well. They had a lot of work,” says Ivn, while reviewing the photos from the last carnival. Scar, always responsible, as they tell from El Barco, barely went out for a walk at the February parties, without disguise this time, for the task that awaited him behind his bar.
He had studied in vila and Salamanca hospitality and pastry. “A worker,” repeat the friends who grew up with him in this tourist town, access to theSierra de Gredos, route ofCarlos VtowardAnd youand famous for judas and its revolconas potatoes with torreznos, such as those made by scar in the Tormes. There, intuits his people, he caught the damn bug.
“Those days a lot of tourism came. I would take it then. Guess what,” a friend suspects on the eve of the declaration of the state of alarm, when many destinations such as El Barco suddenly filled with urban visitors in search of clean air and owners. of second addresses.
In fact, as they remembered this Monday in the groups ofFacebookfrom the municipality, even that week, before the national collapse, scar served some red to clients who went to the funeral of those killed by Covid-19.
“He was followed closely”
His sequence was the one known in the worst stories of the disease, with the vertigo caused by those of boys as young as him. After closing the Tormes, after a few days he began to feel bad. The fever appeared, the dry cough broke out. He preferred to endure at home, until the family already encouraged him to go to the health center.
“He underwent an intense follow-up, before sending him to Vila,” they say from the local ambulatory, shocked by the terrible end of his patient.
“The first week was very bad. His family received a call every afternoon from the doctors, where they were telling them. But the last few days, when they got better, they even told them that they were going to be able to make a video call for him,” says Ivn, in fullBlack Mondayof memories with the colleaguemadridistaof songs fromExtremodurocommon and long-standing plans in Tormes for theEaster week, for the traditional filling of the Boat on these dates.
“And we can’t even fire him. What a great shame, dammit.”
British Prime Minister Boris Johnson, spent “a quiet night” and is in “good spirits”, as a spokesman for Downing Street said Monday. Johnson, 55, “remains in the hospital under observation,” the spokesperson told reporters, denying that he had been given a respirator but not that he was receiving oxygen.
Downing Street announced on late Saturday night hospital admission from the Prime Minister, Boris Johnson, “To undergo routine tests,” an hour after the media issued a message from Elizabeth to the British. The newspapers combine the two stories on the covers of Monday, with the popular ones highlighting the queen’s speech.
Johnson announced ten days ago his isolation at the official residence of the head of government after testing positive for the virus. He was driven around eight o’clock London time to St. Thimas Hospital, across the Westminster Bridge over the Thames. His fiancée, Carrie Symonds, who is pregnant and has not resided in the same apartment this time, has been symptomatic for seven days in bed typical of Covid-19.
Obesity, in December weighed more than one hundred kilos, is the only apparent risk factor Johnson, who has not managed to get rid of a high fever. His image in the videos he has broadcast from his residence, in a week in which his Government has received strong criticism, portray him with a congested face. Collaborators who have shared telematic meetings say that cough often.
The transfer to the hospital was decided by his doctor. The speculation is that X-rays will be done of his lungs and tests of his vital organs. The known balance regarding the treatment of Covid-19, according to the analysis of Josep María Miró for the Fundación Lucha contra el Sida, is that a quick intervention with antivirals after the great infection is recommended, and again rapid action with anti-inflammatory drugs at the beginning of the second week. The mortality of those who are treated with respirators is 50%.
The Foreign Minister, Dominic Raab, will preside over the meetings of the government committee that coordinates the actions of the Executive. The popularity of the government has declined in the last week due to the difficulties it has in increasing the number of tests or in obtaining a reliable antibody test, after having ruled out the route of mass tests as a way of managing the epidemic.
In this context, Johnson asked the monarch to deliver a speech to the nation, the fifth in his 68 years of reign. The previous ones, all since 1990, were on the occasion of the First Gulf War, the death of the prine Diana, the death of her mother and the Jubilee of her reign. The queen issues a Christmas message every year. The brief speech was recorded at Windsor Castle, where he remains alongside the Duke of Edinburgh.
Isabel II began her words by expressing the country’s gratitude to the workers of the National Health Service. In a weekend in which the Health Minister, Matt Hancock, threatened the population with removing the authorization to go out once a day to exercise, due to the attendance of people in parks on Saturday and Sunday, the queen expressed I also thank “those who stay at home.” “I hope that in the years to come, everyone will be able to proudly remember how they responded to this challenge,” he said.
Later he praised the permanence of virtues that “characterize this country”, such as “self-discipline, calm and well-humored determination, the feeling of companionship.” And he concluded with a message of optimism, expressing his conviction that “we will succeed and that success will belong to all of us.”
In the final passage evoked the spirit of unity of the Second World War. “We will meet again”, he said. Those words are the front page of the newspapers. It is the name of a song composed by two musicians and lyricists from Manchester in 1939 and popularized by singer Vera Lynn. It evokes the spirit of soldiers leaving for war and was the most popular song of that time.