Doctors compared mortality of COVID and other infections

On the page of the doctor and TV presenter Alexander Myasnikov interesting information about the situation with infectious diseases in the world was published on the social network. And in particular that rotavirus infection causes hundreds of thousands of deaths per year in the world. Is the familiar and familiar rotavirus more dangerous than the coronavirus? “KP»Understands together with the immunologist, expert in public health and international health care, candidate of medical sciences Nikolay Kryuchkov.

– Of course, in addition to COVID-19, there are many other dangerous diseases in the world and these are not necessarily infectious diseases. Let me remind you that mortality from cardiovascular diseases is in the first place, also high mortality is associated with oncological diseases, in particular, lung cancer, and, of course, infectious diseases are also often the cause of death. However, the threat of rotavirus infection today is greatly exaggerated, said Nikolai Kryuchkov.

How many people die from rotavirus?

According to pessimistic estimates provided by the World Health Organization, around the world in 2013, 215 thousand children under the age of five died from rotavirus infection. According to other data obtained in international studies, this is 122 thousand deaths in 2013.

– The situation since 2013 in terms of mortality from rotavirus infection has not changed much. I think here we can talk about 200 thousand deaths per year among children under five years of age. Half of the world’s deaths occur in five countries: India, Pakistan, Nigeria, Angola and Congo– emphasizes the immunologist Nikolai Kryuchkov. – In the media you can often find information that up to a third of deaths of children under five are caused by rotavirus. This is not true! The fact is that among all deaths of children under five years of age in the world, mortality from diarrhea accounts for about 8%, but among these 8% of deaths from diarrhea – from 25% to 30% are attributable to rotavirus. That is, it turns out about 200 thousand deaths of children under five years of age per year in the world, while more than 6 million children under five die in the world per year.

On the page of the doctor and TV presenter Alexander Myasnikov on the social network, interesting information was published on the situation with infectious diseasesPhoto: Ivan PROKHOROV

Is rotavirus disease relevant for Russia?

If you consider Europeyy region to which Russia, then the figures for mortality from diarrhea are lower than in developing countries. Mortality from diarrhea among children under five in Europe is 4% – 5% of all childhood deaths. About a quarter of them are rotavirus.

In Russia, according to WHO estimates, in 2013, 52 children under the age of five died from rotavirus infection, which is 0.3% of all other deaths of children under five years of age. Rotavirus infection is not the most common cause of death among children, and even more so among adults (the latter rarely die from rotavirus, so all statistics are data on the death of children – approx. Ed.).

– Rotavirus is a problem primarily in poor countries with a warm climate. For Russia, this is also a problem, but to a much lesser extent, ”said Nikolai Kryuchkov, a doctor. – It is important to emphasize that effective and safe rotavirus vaccines exist.

The incidence of rotavirus infection after the introduction of vaccination has decreased many times. In Russia, universal vaccination against rotavirus is not carried out, but, despite this, mortality is low, given that it is clear how to help such patients. The main thing here is replenishment of lost fluid and symptomatic therapy. Given these two factors — the availability of a vaccine and the development of affordable treatment — mortality from rotavirus is very low even among children from zero to five years old, not to mention adults. Among adults, these are isolated cases.

Who is worse: rotavirus or coronavirus?

According to epidemiologists, mortality (taking into account the number of deaths from the number of episodes of the disease) of rotavirus infection in the world is from 0.05% to 0.09%. This is comparable to mortality from seasonal flu. Yes, in the poorest countries it can reach up to 2%. However, in this case, only moderate to severe episodes are taken into account, and not all cases of rotavirus infection.

“With coronavirus infection, according to my most optimistic forecasts, the mortality rate in the world will be 2%,” says Nikolay Kryuchkov. – Let me remind you that now the mortality rate from COVID-19 in Russia is about 4%. AT Germany – 3.5%, and this is one of the best examples in Europe. Of course, a lot depends on how the data are kept and analyzed, but even though there are probably unaccounted cases, the mortality from coronavirus infection is much higher than the mortality from rotavirus. And the epidemic of coronavirus infection is still far from over.

“It is also important to understand that we are having a coronavirus pandemic, and the situation with rotavirus is under control.” The number of deaths from coronavirus is now growing, due to the fact that there is an increase in cases of infection. The daily increase in new cases of coronavirus infection in the world is more than 5%, and in Russia today it is more than 8%. Therefore, it is obvious that the situation with rotavirus is stable, and the coronavirus pandemic for us is not known how it will end. The coronavirus infection pandemic continues to grow, it is important to understand this, ”Nikolay Kryuchkov emphasized in a conversation with“ KP ”. – When we talk about the number of deaths from rotavirus, 200 thousand people a year around the world among children under five years of age are deaths that happened in a year! As we know, the coronavirus epidemic lasts about four months. This is significantly less than a year.


The daily increase in new cases of coronavirus infection in the world is more than 5%, and in Russia today it is more than 8% Photo: Ivan MAKEEV

The daily increase in new cases of coronavirus infection in the world is more than 5%, and in Russia today it is more than 8%Photo: Ivan MAKEEV

How many deaths from coronavirus infection will be in a year (given that, according to the data of May 3, 243,922 people died in the world – approx. Ed.)? Yes, there are other dangerous infections in the world, but many of them can be protected. This is Hepatitis B, and pneumococcal infection, tetanus, and so on. And Dr. Myasnikov rightly points out the need for widespread vaccination against the most dangerous and common infections. Unfortunately, there are no vaccines from COVID-19 yet, they will be ready by the spring of next year at best.

Also, an important difference between the course of rotavirus infection and coronavirus infection: hospitalization with rotavirus disease in developed countries is very rare. All necessary treatment conditions can be provided at home. With coronavirus, the patient often needs active therapy, which can only be provided in a specialized medical institution.

SPECIFICALLY

Dr. Myasnikov gives such statistics on mortality from infections (in the world for a year)

Measles (there is a vaccine) – 140 thousand deaths per year

Pneumococcus (there is a vaccine) – 2 -2.5 million deaths per year

Hepatitis B (there is a vaccine) – 650 thousand deaths per year

Tetanus (there is a vaccine) – 89 thousand deaths per year

Cervical cancer (there is a vaccine) – 250 thousand deaths per year

Tuberculosis (there is a vaccine) – 1.5 million deaths per year

Influenza (there is a vaccine) – 650 thousand-1 million deaths per year

Coronavirus (no vaccine) – 244 thousand deaths from the beginning of the spread

Coronavirus: myths and reality.The farther the coronavirus, the more truth and speculation around it. We tried to deal with the main myths about the Covid-19 pandemic

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Is it possible to get sick with coronavirus twice, is it transmitted through water, and how do you understand that you are asymptomatic?

We collected the most common questions of Russians and asked them to leading scientists (details)

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Dev have many temptations, and Scorpions are waiting for a white streak / IA “Amur.info”

What the stars promise us in the last month of the outgoing spring.

Aries. Aries will stop complaining about the injustice of Fate, about the cynicism of relatives, about their low income and the lack of prospects for further career growth. Something in all of the above aspects of your being will truly miraculously change for the better, but in general, your life in the last month of spring will not differ much from everything that happened to you a month earlier.

Taurus. May 2020 will be a much calmer time for Taurus than all the previous months of this year. But the representative of this zodiacal constellation should not think that he can completely get away from business, let them loose the waves – all the work of this period, although unhurried in essence, will nevertheless require his full inclusion and utmost attention. Mistakes at this time can cost Taurus dearly and result in considerable losses.

Twins. At the beginning of the month it will not be easy to control yourself. You do not think much about who you are dealing with, speak out very sharply, without worrying about what this may lead to.

Crayfish. Crayfish will spend all May in the grip of generally accepted stereotypes. Remember how once upon a time, in your distant childhood, your parents constantly taught you what to do, what to say, how to behave in a particular situation? Remember what disobedience was fraught with for you? So here. This conservative May will require full and unconditional obedience from the Cancers.

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a lion. The first half of May is very good. Even the most difficult problems can be solved if you think carefully, weigh the pros and cons, and turn to your life experience. You reason very sensibly, you do not allow anyone to mislead you.

Virgo. In May, Dev will have a lot of new experiences and interesting meetings. There will be enough opportunities for love and romance. Temptations may appear even where you do not expect them, and it will not be easy to resist them.

Libra. The first half of May will be fruitful for you. This is the most important time of the year, it will bring you good money and a solution to financial problems. However, the stars urge you not to look for new partners.

Scorpio. May prepared a lot of discoveries and unexpected acquaintances for the Scorpions. The time has come for the white line, on which luck will be especially vivid in the field of professional and friendly relations.

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Horoscope for May 2020: Virgins have many temptations, and Scorpios will have a white streak

Sagittarius. In May, Streltsov will be influenced by Mercury. This effect will affect mental activity, which will result in a deep rethinking of the work done, values, the meaning of life. Old things will come to light that have not been brought to their logical conclusion.

Capricorn. Alone in the field is not a warrior – do not refuse the assistance offered to you. It is likely that in May, finally, your cherished dream will come true. The chance for Capricorn to get what he wants will appear suddenly – the main thing here is not to get confused, not to save “a second before” and take the right steps.

Aquarius. For Aquarius, love and work in May 2020 are closely intertwined. Charming Venus and passionate Mars together go through your career home, so that professional affairs will have a noticeable impact on personal life.

Fishes. May 2020 will bring positive changes for Pisces to life. This is a favorable period for the implementation of the most ambitious plans and undertakings. Do not be afraid to dream and wish for more. Good luck is on your side. All risks will be justified, and be a huge success.

Astrologer: Waldemar Skywalkers

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California universities sued for reimbursements related to coronavirus – Telemundo Denver

Students from the California State University and University of California systems filed a lawsuit against to demand reimbursements of some campus fees since the virus pandemic closed schools and forced online learning.

The class action lawsuits, filed in the federal courts in Los Angeles and Oakland, allege that systems serving more than 700,000 students have refused to reimburse unused portions of fees for campus-related services that semester students spring are not using, such as health centers, student association fees and student centers.

The campuses have been closed since March due to the COVID-19 outbreak and sporting events have been canceled.

“The effect of CSU’s COVID-19-related protocols and messages is that all students have been forced to leave campus, unless they really have no other safe place to go,” the Los Angeles lawsuit says.

“For students who remain on campus, services are now extremely limited. For students who do not live on campus, there is no reason to come to campus, as all activities have been canceled. ”

Messages seeking comment from both systems were not immediately returned Monday night.

Fees ranged from around $ 850 to more than $ 4,000 for CSU students for the 2019-2020 academic year, while UC’s basic services fee for students was around $ 1,100, while fees related to specific campuses doubled that or more, depending on demand.

Medical students from California State University help inform the community in their own language.

“It is inappropriate for them to attempt to withhold what amounts to many millions of dollars in total on the campus fees they charged their students, despite the termination of the services that covered these fees,” said Adam Levitt, one of the attorneys who they filed the lawsuits.

“A college education is already a monumental expense for students and their families, and essentially not offering them relief on these material expenses, particularly at a time when millions of Americans are struggling financially, not only is deaf, but also unfair and illegal” .

Similar lawsuits were previously filed against universities in Arizona and against Liberty University, a nonprofit evangelical Christian university in Virginia.

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Eight headliners of the Printemps de Bourges to listen to on networks

The first festival of the musical season, the Printemps de Bourges showcases the headliners of the song.

→ READ. Coronavirus: Printemps de Bourges reinvents itself in virtual mode

Since its cancellation due to the Covid-19 epidemic and confinement on March 13, 2020, the festival has thought about a virtual event, “Imaginary Spring”, which allows the artists scheduled these days to offer their music to a large audience. The cross selected eight of them to listen to without moderation.

Aloïse Sauvage, the young shoot

Singer, rapper, dancer, circus artist and actress, Aloïse Sauvage has all the audacity of a multifaceted talent. It explodes in Devouring (Initial Artists / Universal), his first record, a brilliant mosaic of styles in constant movement, in his image. Raw words that speak to his generation, music that mixes pop and hip-hop, an undeniable punch, an irradiating presence… See Aloïse Sauvage interpreting “Horizontally”, it is to get an idea of ​​his future artist and imagine it radiant.

M, the star

By dint of not taking himself seriously, of singing and playing generously from scene to scene, Matthieu Chédid – M – almost makes us forget that in twenty years he has become a huge star. Thirteen victories for music, soundtracks for films (including Do not tell anyone, by Guillaume Canet), albums with always renewed inspiration, like Lamomali (2018) or Infinite letter (2019, Wagram). On March 16, Matthieu Chedid presented with Pierre Richard a poetic recreation in tribute to his grandmother, the poet Andrée Chedid, who would have been 100 years old on March 20, 2020.

Celeste, the new soulful voice

As a child, his grandfather made him listen to Aretha Franklin, Ella Fitzgerald and Billie Holiday. Like these great ladies, the young Briton knows how to make her voice an instrument of rare emotional depth. Whether she whispers or fully releases her song, Celeste is listening. Designated a BBC 2020 musical revelation by British critics, it is compared to Amy Winehouse. In France, we can listen Stop This Flame, Strange and Lately, while waiting for the album Celestial in September (Polydor).

Calypso Rose, the diva

A radiant smile, an unalterable energy, the queen of Calypso was to celebrate her 80 spring at Bourges and present her new album there. Author of 1,000 songs without having learned music or going to school, Calypso Rose, daughter of a fisherman and Baptist minister of Trinidad and Tobago, never ceases to amaze with her good humor and its commitments. The Caribbean rhythms of his carnival music were crowned with a Victory in 2017 for Far From Home (Because Music).

Dionysos, the rock group

With Surprise (Columbia / Sony), Dionysos returns to his fundamental love of rock by mingling it with Latin atmospheres and musical melodies. Normal, the album is also the soundtrack of the film A mermaid at Bets, released in March and directed by Mathias Malzieu, singer and group leader. The musician unleashes his abundant imagination and his fantasy. Crossing rock guitars with symphonic brass orchestras, his exuberance makes crowds dance to these vitaminized refrains.

Philippe Katerine, the safe bet

For a long time, Philippe Katerine was judged by his outrageous words and his provocative poses: at best a joker, at worst a jester. But the Vendéen, Dominique A’s brother in arms, simply turns out to be an artist. At the movie theater, The Grand Bain has grown in popularity. His 13 albums have made him a safe bet for French pop, crowned with a Victory for the best male performer 2020. Hurluberlu et joyeux, his latest album, Confessions (Wagram), leaves no one indifferent.

Rufus Wainwright, the legend

The Canada-American baroque pop dandy was to honor only two festivals in France, the Printemps de Bourges on April 25 and the Francos de La Rochelle on July 14. His raspy voice, the fluidity of his piano-pop compositions, his elegant lyricism and melancholy have made him a legend. Author of two operas, interprets sonnets of Shakespeare as a splendid cover of “Hallelujah” by Leonard Cohen, Rufus Wainwright is releasing a new album this year, Unfollow the Rules (BMG). “Don’t follow the rules anymore”, an entire program !

Francœur, the incredible revelation

On harp and song, Vanessa Burel, alias Francœur, has some surprises in store. Selected in the “pop song” category of the emerging talent contest Les Inouïs, the young artist from the Yonne composes pieces with mysterious resonances, illuminated by her clear voice and the scrolls of her harp, to listen to on her second EP Where does the North come from (Budde Music). At the Moustaki Prize for French Song on February 20, Francœur displayed beautiful imagination and explosive vocal resources, celebrating his audience prize by reproducing a dolphin, high-pitched and shrill ultrasound.

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Theater and dance festivals: the puzzle of postponements

In the role of Sisyphus, the teams of the major spring-summer festivals. In the role of the rock, the mass of aborted theatrical and choreographic creations that they hope to be able to repel. In the role of the coast to climb, the calendar from July to autumn 2020. In the role of the villain, perched up there in the Tartarus, and who could shoot in stone and make it descend down the slope, the virus, of course, and its ability to postpone again and again the reopening of international borders on the one hand, and performance halls on the other. On Monday, the Avignon Festival board of directors approved the cancellation of the 74e edition and announced that he was thinking of organizing a week of presentation of some performances for All Saints’ Day, in alliance with certain theaters of the off. Like Avignon, some international festivals have in fact launched a few weeks ago in a huge Tetris which consists of overwriting part or all of their programming in the scattered holes left by the parallelepipeds of the theatrical seasons of autumn . At the risk of “Create a traffic jam and collateral accidents, warns Jean Varela, director of the Printemps des comédiens in Montpellier (Hérault), which has not yet chosen this option. On the one hand, a festival is not a catalog. On the other hand, some teams are more fragile than others. Perhaps we should not try to save all the productions at all costs, but make hand-sewn? ”

“Scenario”

Meanwhile, his next-door neighbor in Montpellier, Jean-Paul Montanari, is working hard to build a festival with his team. Montpellier Danse 40 bis, from September 20 to December 31. The cancellation of its international dance festival, normally scheduled for the end of June, would mean 400,000 euros in lost revenue (on a budget of 3.3 million) and, coupled with that of the massive Printemps des comédiens, the loss of the main supplier of cachets of the intermittent of the department. The range of shows is not as tight as in Ile-de-France, “So we decided to try to do in three days what usually takes a year and a half: to slip into the programming of all the rooms in Montpellier, he perseveres. For technical intermittents, that would already be it. If we have to cancel the fall scenario, I will pay for everything. But that will mean that we already live in a world where dance festivals are no longer important. “

The postponement of a small part of the programming to September or November is also a scenario that the team at the Kunstenfestivaldesarts in Brussels (2.7 million) is considering, initially planned for May with artists from China, Malaysia or from Iran. No less than 25 projects out of 34 were creations, some of which were to land in Montpellier in June, or in Paris at the Festival d’automne. Prestigious international festival in the form of a “mini-season” (from September to December), the latter may have to completely recompose its programming in order to keep only the most geographically mobile artists. It could also recover, depending on the quality of the works, some of the creations canceled in other institutions. “At the moment, it is too early to say, worries Marie Collin, co-programmer of the Paris Autumn Festival. We are already trying to figure out how to have the creations that we could keep in the fall that needed to be ready for spring festivals rehearsed during the summer. ”

Hypotheses

Initially scheduled from the beginning of September, the Lyon Biennale de la danse has already postponed part of its programming to spring 2021. All the African creations that the gigantic event was to present will be synchronized with the agenda for the Africa season 20/20 next year, explains the director, Dominique Hervieu, who juggles every day on the phone with 65 partner rooms and artists already variously affected by the postponement or cancellation hypotheses. But for some creations, given the international assembly of the team, the rescue mission is impossible: that of the South African choreographer Robyn Orlin and the singer Camille with twelve South African dancers (with the Philharmonie) is already canceled. “It’s a great Tetris but also a terrible game of massacre”, cash Dominique Hervieu, affected by “The number of floored artists I have on the phone all day.” For her, it is already a certainty: dance will be the sector most cruelly affected. Much more than that of theater or cinema: “Without barriers of subtitles, large or medium-sized companies live mainly from international distribution and not from French distribution, she recalls. “For small companies, it will be fatal, but even for artists like Yoann Bourgeois or Angelin Preljocaj, who already had 50 to 70 post-festival dates, the shortfall will unfortunately be enormous.” In addition, the castings for dance performances are the most international. Taking into account the diversity of containment calendars, mandatory quarantines, it is not clear when, then, Marlene Monteiro Freitas, confined to Portugal, could bring together her dancers dispatched all over the world to rehearse in Germany as she had to do , or when Olivier Dubois finds the Egyptian dancers and musicians with whom he was already creating in Cairo for the September Biennale in Lyon.


Eve Beauvallet

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Smokes is trout

Animated picture Emmanuel Pierrot

Jim Harrison must go back to his grave: this year, he could not have teased trout in the rivers of the Morvan, near his friend Gérard Oberlé, writer ogre of knowledge and good things to drink and eat . All of this is the fault of this damn coronavirus that prohibits dipping the wire in water. However, we know a lot of chicks who recognize themselves through the words of Jim Harrison in A good day to die (ed. 10/18, 2003): “I was struck again by the way the fishery helped me to wipe out everything else, at least as long as I was in the river. For a few hours, all the problems – money, sex, alcohol, madness – disappeared in my concentration on the river, the places where the big trout were probably, the clear currents or in the swirls near the grassy shore , or behind the big rocks and pebbles that protruded from the surface of the water, forming pockets of water that always seemed to contain one or two fish. ”

Ass comb

Our old friend Bébert is one of those guys for whom life revolves around three pillars: the factory, the garden, fishing. Turner that he was Bébert. “OHQ” as we said for a highly skilled worker. At the workshop, he was entrusted with the machining of prototypes on his Ernault Somua lathe. You shouldn’t have risked touching his bike, which he burnt like a new penny. He was so proud of it that he didn’t understand anything when the takeover’s combs passed before him without a look or a word. It’s true what, almost forty banks to machine scrap for the same taulier, it deserved at least a bit of chat. He didn’t see anything coming either when the HRD told him that it was not going very much question backlog. It must be said that Bébert is not the kind of guy who gossips at the bistro after work. Him, it is the garden, the fishing which ventilates the mood. So when the big egg spoke “Production outsourcing” in Hungary and China, he simply put his tools in their large rag, emptied his closet in the locker room and then he went home to butter his potatoes. When his wife tumbled into the garden to unpack his chickweed, he simply shrugged, grumbling: “I was told I have enough quarters for retirement.”

Giant of Flanders

Sometimes he misses his turn, the smell of hot metal, the precision of a successful adjustment. But he doesn’t say anything because he always has something to take care of. The garden first: prepare the soil for the end of winter before the spring sowing: transplant, pick, pick, water, and then there is always a blade of grass to pull. You also have to take care of the hens, the rabbits (he is particularly proud of his giant of Flanders, a male), give a helping hand to his wife to hull the beans of the canned goods. Winter, Bébert “Do his wood” as he says in his communal affouage. He cuts, he splits oak, beech, foyard. Logs and quarters of 50 cm (it is precise as in the factory) for the Godin stove which heats a large part of their house. Bébert does everything himself. He never put the words “autarky”, “autonomy” in Scrabble. But the other day, he laughed softly when he heard on TV talking about “transition”, “living and consuming differently”. “I’ve always lived like this, that he thought, and my world will last long enough before I pass the gun to the left. “

Reels

And then there is fishing. This year, as usual, Bébert checked his gear in February. You have to see him polishing his rods, disassembling and checking his reels, mounting his lines, classifying his hooks and lures in his drawer box as tidy as that of his wife’s sewing. At dawn on March 14, he was happy as a kid, posted in one of his favorite fishing spots. To tell the truth, he doesn’t care a bit about the fish, especially since the farmed trout that has just been released is a bit like “duck fishing” at funfairs. Bébert especially likes “to take some fresh air” as he says, snack alone with his dog corniaud by scanning the river bed where he hopes to see a real trout, “A savage”. This year, Bébert came back from fishing with a nice … dandelion salad they ate with bacon and a poached egg. When containment landed like smallpox on the low clergy, Bébert sighed that he was “Too old for this kind of bullshit”. But the doctor phoned: with his emphysema (the fault in the scrap metal dust at the factory), he has to stay well sealed so as not to catch the coronavirus. As usual, he shrugged. he “Fuck the coronamachin” and then “Those joggers idiots”, they have the right to run in the countryside. So why shouldn’t he walk his dog along the river?

Big fario

So the other afternoon, after sowing an 18-day radish plank in the garden, he goes to the water’s edge while the boss goes shopping at Super-U. The dog knows the way alone, over there where the river bends under a large willow. This is where it hides “The memory”, thinks Bébert. A big fario that he spotted a handful of times when she came out of his hideout, a huge strain. Bébert admires him. She fucked all the fishermen in the area. He is afraid it will end up in a landing net. He never had the trophy virus. He would just like to feel it undulate between his fingers underwater like when he was fishing by hand, kid. Today, the wave is clear under a hot spring sun. Bébert leans against the stump under which he distinguishes a tapered shadow. It’s for sure, it’s her. So he plunges his arms into the water to try to catch Memère. But it is already far away when Bébert falls with all his weight into the river.

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“You are going to catch death”, she says Bébert’s wife as he dries himself with a rough towel. Once the anger of his mishap is over, he smiles and thinks he’s twelve years old this afternoon. Then he leaves in a huge laugh when he sees in the middle of his wife’s shopping a bag of smoked trout which she is carefully disinfecting with hydroalcoholic gel.

Noirmoutier beanie

Like all fish when smoked, trout love potatoes, especially when they are early, like those grown on the island of Noirmoutier. The star is the bonnotte but there is also the earlier sirtema, the iodea, the lady christ’l. Here is a recipe for “Bonnet apples in goat whipped cream and dill, strips of smoked trout and Siltimur pepper” that you can make with the potatoes available in these confined times.

You need 20 medium-sized underwear for six people; 2 slices of smoked trout cut into strips; 20 cl of very cold liquid cream; ½ fresh goat cheese log; 12 small sprigs of dill; 1 lime cut into quarters; Siltimur pepper or another if you can’t find it (black pepper, Espelette pepper …)

Wash and brush the potatoes then immerse them in a large pot of boiling salted water. Allow 10 minutes for cooking as soon as it boils again. Drain and keep warm. Whip the liquid cream with a mixer. In another bowl, whisk the goat cheese with the rinsed and finely chopped dill and stir in the cream. Whisk again and keep cool.

Arrange the bonnottes on each plate (about three per guest), cutting the top to make the flesh of the potato visible. Using a fluted piping bag or a spoon, arrange your cream.

Add one or two strips of trout, a sprig of dill and a wedge of lime. Give two mill turns with Siltimur pepper and it’s ready.

You can zest your lime in the whipped cream.


Jacky durand

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Theater and dance festivals: the great Tetris postponed to the fall

In the role of Sisyphus, the teams of the major spring / summer festivals. In the role of the rock, the mass of aborted theatrical and choreographic creations that they hope to be able to repel. In the role of the coast to climb, the calendar from July to autumn 2020. In the role of the villain, perched up there in the Tartarus, and who could shoot in stone and make it descend down the slope, the virus , of course, and its ability to postpone again and again the reopening of international borders on the one hand, and performance halls on the other. Yesterday, the Avignon Festival board of directors approved the cancellation of the 74e edition and announced plans to organize a week of presentation of some performances for All Saints’ Day, in alliance with certain theaters of the off. Like Avignon, some international festivals have in fact launched a few weeks ago in a huge Tetris which consists of overwriting part or all of their programming in the scattered holes left by the parallelepipeds of the theatrical seasons of autumn . At the risk of “Create a traffic jam and collateral accidents, warns Jean Valéra, director of the Printemps des comédiens in Montpellier, who has not yet chosen this option. On the one hand, a festival is not a catalog. On the other hand, some teams are more fragile than others. Perhaps we should not try to save all the productions at all costs, but make hand-sewn? ”

“Do in three days what takes a year and a half”

Meanwhile, his next-door neighbor in Montpellier, Jean-Paul Montanari, is working hard to build with his team a “Montpellier danse 40 bis” festival from September 20 to December 31. The cancellation of its international dance festival, normally scheduled for the end of June, would mean 400,000 euros in lost revenue (on a budget of 3.3 million) and, coupled with that of the massive Printemps des comédiens, the loss of the main supplier of cachets of the intermittent of the department. The range of shows is not as tight as in Ile-de-France, “So we decided to try to do in three days what usually takes a year and a half: to slip into the programming of all the rooms in Montpellier, he perseveres. For technical intermittents, that would already be it. If we have to cancel the fall scenario, I will pay for everything. But that will mean that we already live in a world where dance festivals are no longer important “.

Read also Dance in audio description: join the word to the gestures

The postponement of a small part of the programming to September or November is also a scenario that the team at the Kunsten festival des arts de Bruxelles (2.7 million) is still considering, initially planned for May with artists from China. , Malaysia or Iran. 25 out of 34 projects were creations, some of which were to land in Montpellier in June, or in Paris at the Festival d’automne. This prestigious international festival in the form of a “mini-season” (from September to December) may have to completely recompose its programming to keep only the most geographically mobile artists. It could also recover, depending on the quality of the works, some of the creations canceled in other institutions. “At the moment it is too early to say, worries Marie Collin, co-programmer of the Fall Festival. We are already trying to figure out how to have the creations that we could keep in the fall that needed to be ready for spring festivals rehearsed during the summer. ”

“Game of massacre”

Scheduled from the beginning of September, the Lyon Dance Biennial has already postponed part of its programming to spring 2021. All the African creations that the gigantic event was to present will be synchronized with the agenda for the Africa 20 season. / 20 next year, explains the director Dominique Hervieu, who juggles every day on the phone with 65 partner rooms and artists already variously affected by the postponement or cancellation hypotheses. But for some creations, given the international assembly of the team, the rescue mission is impossible: that of the South African choreographer Robyn Orlin and the singer Camille with twelve South African dancers (with the Philharmonie) is already canceled. “It’s a great Tetris but also a terrible game of massacre, does it cash, affected by the number of floored artists I have on the phone all day “. For her, it is already a certainty: dance will be the sector most cruelly affected. Much more than that of theater or cinema: “Without barriers of subtitles, large or medium-sized companies live mainly from international distribution and not from French distribution, she recalls. “For small companies, it will be fatal, but even for artists of the stature of Yoann Bourgeois or Angelin Preljocaj, who already had 50 to 70 post-festival dates, the shortfall will unfortunately be enormous.” In addition, the castings for dance performances are the most international. Taking into account the diversity of containment calendars, mandatory quarantines, it is not clear when, then, Marlene Monteiro Freitas, confined to Portugal, could bring together her dancers dispatched all over the world to rehearse in Germany as she had to do , or when Olivier Dubois finds the Egyptian dancers and musicians with whom he was already creating in Cairo for the September Biennale.


Eve Beauvallet

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Printemps de Bourges reinvents itself in virtual mode

The first major music festival of the season, Printemps de Bourges was also the first to be canceled on March 13, 2020, due to the Covid-19 epidemic. But his music will still be heard from April 21 to 26 as part of the “Imaginary Spring”. ” Le Printemps de Bourges is the meeting place for a whole industry, a cultural ecosystem impacted by the crisis we are going through “Explain its organizers.

→ LIVE. Coronavirus: the latest news in France and worldwide

To give a boost to emerging artists (70% of Bourges’ programming) maintain, at least virtually, the artistic influence of the festival, and make its music heard by its loyal public, “ was born the idea of ​​an Imaginary Spring where artists and festival-goers could collectively reinvent their stolen edition through original creations. Lives, chronicles, illustrations, they have carte blanche and their works are offered to everyone on our social networks

From Alain Souchon to Yael Naim

Alain Souchon, Catherine Ringer, Aloïse Sauvage, Philippe Katerine, Yael Naim, Jeanne Added, Tryo, Jeanne Cherhal, La Grande Sophie, Renan Luce, Emily Jane White… almost all of the artists who were to perform in the capital of Berry were present. They are showing the digital version of Printemps on social media on the initial dates of the event, from April 21 to 26.

Radio France will participate in the celebration to support the French music industry and canceled festivals. From Monday, April 20, every evening from 9 p.m. to 10 p.m., Printemps de Bourges will take control of France Inter with the best moments from previous editions. Friday, April 24 will even offer a special evening, with a confined concert of singer Izia (Higelin) and DJ Rone. Mouv will also offer rap evenings, Wednesday April 22 and Thursday April 23.

News and Chronicles to Support Francophone Music

We are going to be even more present than we would have been if the festival had taken place “Said Didier Varrod, music director of Radio France’s branches at AFP. Music has been more important on public radio since the start of confinement: + 25% during the first week of April, especially in the evening, for example on France Bleu, or on France Inter broadcasts.

→ READ. Yael Naim, contemplative singer

New products, whose launch had been suspended, will also reappear in Fip’s playlists. Didier Varrod, Marion Guilbaud and Bertrand Dicale will deliver their Un Printemps Imaginaire chronicles daily.

The idea is to “ consolidate the share of French music “, Mandatory on radios, but also of” increase the share of French production “So that copyright partially compensates for cancellations of concerts and festivals,” said Didier Varrod. The entire industry is weakened and income from music will dry up “Warns Mr. Music from Radio France. “ It is the role of the public service to ensure continuity. 2020 cannot be a cultural and musical dead year ” Spots will promote this initiative with the keyword # RadioFranceAvecLaScèneFrançaise.

Other support initiatives, the magazine Inrockuptibles releases a notebook “Printemps de Bourges”, or Tsugi Radio and the team of the eponymous magazine will take the air for special evenings. ” Spring will take place, concludes the Bourges team, in our imaginations, in our hearts! This year again, he is drawing an artistic promise while waiting for tomorrow to sing again.

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The Theater of Roses shows for the fall most of the spring shows

Most theatrical and musical performances that were to take place this spring at the Roses Municipal Theater have new dates, after being affected by the alarm decreed in mid-March. According to the City Council of Roses in a statement, the concert of Luís Paniagua will be held on September 26 and the performances of A true story, Fairfly and Solitudes, on October 18, November 28 and December 5, respectively.

Tickets that spectators have already purchased for these performances will be valid for the new scheduled dates. If you cannot attend, you must send an email to support@notikumi.com and the amount paid will be refunded, using the same payment system used at the time of purchase of the ticket.

In the case of shows The ballad of the Shoemaker of Ordis, recital by Alberto San Juan and Cantada de Havaneras that had to be canceled, the return will be automatically made using the same payment system used at the time of purchase.

For tickets purchased at the theater box office, refunds will be made from the moment the facility can re-open its doors to the public.

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How do plants know that spring has come?

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Flowering is one of the most fascinating phenomena that exist in nature and it is crucial that it be produced at the exact moment, neither before nor after, so that the seeds find the most favorable conditions possible.

Plants are endowed with two gene signaling mechanisms to do so. On the one hand they have photoreceptors and, on the other, an autonomous cell clock, which marks twenty-four hour time periods.

The key is in the proteins

When 30 to 40 days of intense winter cold pass, there is an RNA molecule called COOLAIR that acts inhibitory on the FLC gene. In addition, throughout these weeks the expression of the COLDAIR gene is progressively increased, which will be ultimately responsible for the return of FLC activity, necessary for flowering.

Further, another gene – PIF4 – increases its activity, and with it the production in its leaves of a protein called FT. Its messenger RNA interacts with another protein -FD- that is produced at the tip of the stem, and which is in charge of giving precise information on where the flowers should appear.

Flowering does not occur if these two proteins work separately and their symbiosis prevents flowers from growing in unwanted places or when they shouldn’t.

In the complex spring setting it is necessary that plants play with these two trigger mechanisms –Light and temperature-, what is more, there are studies that show that those plants that only use the duration of daylight hours to start flowering have ended up disappearing.

From the point of view of molecular engineering, all this has enormous utility, since it is possible to control flowering in greenhouses, advancing it or delaying it according to interest.

More spring deliveries

Most animals celebrate spring with the increase in the number of young, among them are, for example, sheep. The explanation also has its molecular expression.

With the arrival of autumn and the shortening of the days an increase in melatonin secretion, which results in an increase in the production of sperm in the semen of males.

In addition to this male factor, females increase their fertility, facilitating all this a greater number of pregnancies that will end with the arrival of spring, at which time the meteorological goodness and the abundance of pastures is assured.

And the birdsong too

Bird singing is an activity that causes considerable energy expenditure, especially for the smallest birds. When spring arrives, both the intensity and the duration of the singing increases.

The birds sing for two reasons, one to attract females, showing his good health, and another to protect his territory against possible adversaries.

To carry out this activity, they have a molecule called opsin in their hypothalamus that is extremely sensitive to light and that when activated activates the reproductive system.

In short, life itself is nothing more than a prosaic process, a construction based on four nitrogenous bases that are articulated with the arrival of spring.

M. Jara
M. Jara

Pedro Gargantilla is an internist at the Hospital de El Escorial (Madrid) and the author of several popular books.

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